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ill 




REYNOLT5 M><^TOR!CAL 
GENEALOGY rOLLECTrON 



ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY 




3 1833 01053 2114 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/handbookseries19m 



J 

j 



[Haxdbook Series Xo. i] 



MINNESOTA'. 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 




Saint Paul 
publishf.d by the socie ly 

^\[\Y, 1020 




I 



' OFFICERS 

G.DHox S. Ives. President 

FkEDERic A. Fogg, First Viec-P resident 

WiLf.iAM \\\ FoLWELL. Second Viee-President 

S(;i.ON J. Blxk. Secretary 

KvERETT H. Bailev. Treasurer 

'I"hc executive committee consists of the presi- I 
(luit.tlie secretary, the treasurer, and two appointed \ 
nien-.bers. Frederic A. Fogg and Edward P. S \n 

I:OIiX. 



ADMINISTRATION 

SoLnx J. BufK, Superintendent 

Warren- L'l ham. Archeolociist 

W. G. Vaie. Librarian 

J"MN' Tal.max. Neivspaper Librarian 

'■ 'HEE B. Virtue, Curator of Manuscripts 

'^'^■" •"•■*'Hnv M. Ba.kock Jr.. Curator of the 
Museum 



17:27557 



CONTENTS 

JI sTORicAE Sketch 7 

Organization and MempersiiIp 10 

The Historical Buieding 13 

The AIain Library 18 

The Reference Department 22 

The Accessions and Catalogte Departments 25 

i nE Newspaper Division 27 

The Manuscript Div:sion 29 

The Pi'BLic Archi\i:s 32 

The AIuseum 34 

The Research and Editoriae Division 39 

i-^n.i.i> Work 42 

''^'^^ AR History Activities 43 



\ 

I 



HANDBOOK 

. OF THE 

MINNESOTA 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



I 

p. 




J 



HISTORICAL SKETCH 



The Minnesota Historical Society was 
formally organized on November 15, 1849, in 
the office of Charles Kilgore Smith, secretary 
of the territory of Minnesota. Alexander 
ivamscy was elected president and ]Mr. Smith 
secretary. The first territorial legislature had 
already passed and Governor Ramsey on Octo- 
lier 20 had signed an act of incorporation 
drawn up by ]Mr. Smith. The object of the 
society as stated in this act was "the collec- 
tion and preservation of a Library 
Indian curiosities and other matters and 
things connected with, and calculated to illus- 
trate and perpetuate the history and settle- 
ment" of ?\Iinncsota Territors'. An amendment 
to this act, approved March i, 1856, further 
provided that: "The objects of said Society 
• . . shall be, in addition to the collection 
«\nd preservation of publications, manuscripts. 
JlJUiquities, curiosities, and all other things 
pertaining to the social, political and natural 
'listory of Minnesota, to cultivate among the 
" iti/ens thereof a knowledge of the useful and 
'i')cral arts, science and Htcrati:re." 



7 



The principal activities of the society dur- ' 
ing the fit'ties consisted of the holding of meet-; 
ings at which papers were read and the pub- [ 
lication of a series of pamphlets called 
Annals. A beginning was made in the accumu-^ 
lation of a library, however, and in 1855 a room' 
in the capitol was set aside for the use of the . 
society. In the following year its public char- 
acter was further recognized by an act of the; 
territorial legislature authorizing an annual' 
grant of five hundred dollars to aid in carry-, 
ing on the work. An attempt was made dur-j 
ing this period to raise money by subscription 
and the sale of life memberships for the erec-' 
, tion of a building for the society. A site on; 
the corner of \\'abasi'ia and Tenth streets was 
purchased, the foundation walls were com- 
pleted, and in 1856 the corner stone was laid • 
with imposing ceremonies. The necessary ? 
funds for the completion of the building could 
not be secured because of the Panic of 1857, 
but the lots purchased for the site proved to 
be a valuable investment. ■ 

With the outbreak of the Civil W^ar the ap- 
propriation from the state was cut o'T, soon I 
thereafter the room in the capitol was requi- 
sitioned for other purposes, and for about two ': 
years the society was inactive. In 1863 ^ re- 
organization was effected, hov/ever, the appro- 
priation was restored by the lic.xt le^nslature. 
and from 1864 ^^()^ the soc'ety occunied a 
room adjoining the St. Paul Public T.i!)rarv 



in the Ingersoll Block on the corner of Waba- 
sha and Third streets. 

The man who laid the real foundations of the 
society, arid particularly of its librar\-, was 
J. Fletcher -Williams, who was elected secre- 
tary in 1867 and who served in that capacity 
until 1892. In 1868 quarters were again se- 
cured in the capitol, and in i86g the appropria- 
tion from the state was increased to tvro 
thousand dollars a year, thus making it pos- 
sible for Mr. Williams to devote himself en- 
tirely to the work. The library which con- 
sisted of about three thousand books and 
pamphlets in 1868 increased, by gift and pur- 
chase, to over twenty thousand in 18S1. n.ews- 
paper files were systematical!}- accimiulated, 
and a considerable museum of archeological 
and historical objects was assembled. The ap- 
propriation was raised to $2,500 in 187 1, to $3,- 
000 in 1876, and to $4,000 in iSSi. 

In ]March. 1881, the capitol building was 
burned to the ground. Fortunately for the 
society its rooms were located in the basenient, 
which made possible the removal of practically 
all the main library; most of tb.e newspaper 
files were in a fireproof vault: but some valu- 
able news[)apers, the entire museum, and over 
twenty thousand volumes of duplicates, mostly 
state documentf, and of stock of the society's 
publications were destroyed. 

For two yt-ars the society occupied rooms 
in the basement of the Market House, on the 



8 



9 



corner of Wabasha and Seventh streets, after 
which it was installed in the new capitol 
erected on the site of the old. There it re- 
mained until 1905, \^'hen it took possession of 
somewhat more commodious quarters in the 
present capitol building. The annual appro- 
priation from the state was further increased 
in 1883 to $6,000, in 1899 to $7,500, in 1901 to 
$11,000, in 1903 to $15,000, in 1905 to $20,000, 
and in 191 7 to $25,000. From 1883 on, the 
library grew steadily at the rate of about three 
thousand books and pamphlets a year, the 
museum was built up anew, and a valuable 
manuscript collection was accumulated. The 
long term of Mr. Williams as secretary was al- 
most equaled by that of Warren Upham, who 
served the society faithfully in that capacity 
from 1S95 to I9i4and who now holds the posi- 
tion of archeologist. The present secretary, 
Solon J. Buck, was elected in 1914. 

Among the presidents and other officers of 
the societ}' have been many men of promi- 
nence in' Minnesota history, such as Alexander 
Ramsey, Henry H. Sibley. Henry M. Rice, 
John B. Sanborn, Cusliinan K. Davis, Arch- 
bishop Ireland, and James J. Hill. 

ORGANIZATION AND MEMBERSHIP 

The form of organization of the society is 
determined i)y the act of incorporation and 
amendments thereto .md by a set of by-laws, 

' 10 



which was revised and consolidated in ^^arch, 
1915. Its government is vested in an execu- 
tive council composed of the governor of the 
state and five other state ofticers, ex officio, 
and thirty life members chosen by ballot every 
three years at an annual meeting of the society. 
There is an executive committee composed of 
the president, the secretary, the treasurer, and 
two other members of the council appointed 
by the president, which transacts the business 
of the society under the direction and subject 
to the approval of the executive council. The 
officers of the council, who are also the offi- 
cers of the society, are a president, two vice- 
presidents, a secretary, and a treasurer. They 
are elected by the council for a term of three 
years. The secretary is, ex officio, the super- 
intendent of the society and as such is charged, 
under the direction of the executive committee 
or the council, with the . administration of all 
its activities. 

The financial support of the society comes 
mainly from the state, the appropriation for 
the current biennium, 19 [9-21, being twenty- 
five thousand dollars a year. There is also an 
income of about six thousand dollars from pri- 
vate endowment funds, and membership fees 
bring in a small additional amount. The so- 
ciety has urgent need of a larger income and 
solicits gifts or bequests. For the latter, the 
following form is suggested: ''I give, devise, 
and bequeath to the Minnesota Historical So- 



li 



ciety, a corporation duly incorporated by the 
territory of Minnesota and located in the city 
of St. Paul in the state of ^linnesota, tiie sum 

of dollars, the same to be utilized 

for the general purposes of the said society." 
If it is the devisor's intention that the sum be- 
queathed should be devoted to some specific 
purpose, that purpose should be clearly and 
definitely stated. The officers of the society 
are prepared to make suggestions as to such 
purposes, some of which arc especially suit- 
able for memorial donations or bequests. 

Membership in the society is of three 
classes, active, corresponding, and honorary. 
Corresponding members are ''persons residing 
outsidc the state, who manifest an interest in 
the society and its objects, and are willing to 
aid it by representing it in their vicinity, and 
procuring donations for its library and muse- 
um"; honorary members are "persons dis- 
tinguished for tlieir literary or scientific at- 
tainments, particularly in the field of American 
history.'' The only requisite ior admission to 
active meml>crship is api^lication and the pay- 
ment of dues. The active members are divided 
into three classes, annual, sustaining, and life. 
Dues of annual members are two dollars per 
annum, of sustaining members five dollars per 
annum, and of life members twen.ty-five dol- 
lars; but any one who has paid dues as an an- 
nual member for twenty, or as a sustaining 
member for six successive yt-ars may be en- 

12 



rolled as a life member without further pay- 
ment. Active membership carries with it the 
; privilege of participating in the business meet- 
, ings of the society and of receiving its publica- 
tions. Everyone who is interested in promoting 
historical work in Minnesota is cordially invited 
to become an active member. Application 
blanks will be furnished on request. 

The annual meetings of the society are held 
on the second Monday in January, except in - 
, legislative years ^\'hen they occur on the sec- 
, ond Mondaj' after the assembling of the legis- 
lature. A public session is held in connection 
with this meeting, at which an address is de- 
livered on some historical topic of general in- 
V terest. The council holds an annual and three 
stated meetings each year, and these also'fur- 
l nish occasion, as a rule, for open sessions for 
I the reading of historical papers. All these 
meetings are held in the Historical Building. 

THE HISTORICAL BUILDING 

The present building, which is located on a 
commanding eminence adjacent to the Capi- 
, tol, on the northwest corner of Cedar Street 
'. -ind Central Avenue, St. Paul, was authorized 
^>y an act of the legislature of 1913, five hun- 
'hed thousand dollars being appropriated for 
the purpose. The work of cor.struction was 
'tot commenced, however, until December. 
^915, because it was found nece^^a^y to have 

13 



I 




the act amended by the legislature of 1915. 
The building- was practically completed by De- 
cember, 1917, and the work of moving was be- 
gun immediately. The reading room was 
opened to "the public on January 16, and the 
formal dedication of the building took place 
on Alay 11, 1918, in connection with the elev- 
enth annual meeting of the Mississippi \'al- 
ley Historical Association, which convened in 
St. Paul, May 9, 10, and 11, at the invitation of 
the society. 

The building contains five floors. The 
south end of the basement and ground floors 
are occupied by the library division of the state 
department of education. In the basement 
are located the janitors' and engineer's rooms, 
and the heating and ventilating machinery. 
On the ground floor are the photostat room, a 
kitchenette and rest room for the staff, and the 
shipping and receiving room of the society, 
part of which serves temporarily as the office 
of the Minnesota War Records Commission, 
-^ortions of both lower floors are also occu- 
pied by the main bookstack and the nev/spapcr 
stack. ^ 

The accompanying floor plans show the 
location of the various rooms on the first and 
■^(-•cond floors. The department of education 
'^'ccupies rooms on the south end as well as a 
^'^w adjacent rooms on the west side of both 
fioors (105-112 and 211-217). On the first floor 
•ire the newspaper reading room (lOJ) and the 



15 




'main reading room (loi), both opening off 
from the central corridor, and connected \vith 
each other by an interior doorway. The 
librarian's office (E i) and the lowest floor of 
the bookstack so far completed are reached 
through the east end of the reading room. On 
the second floor are the manuscript room 
(209), the superintendent's ofrice (208), the 
general office (206), the editorial ofnce (-05), 
and. the catalogue and accessions rooms (201, 
202), all connected with each other by interior 
doorways, and all, except the manuscript room, 
reached from the main corridor througli room 
204. The entire third floor is occupied by the 
museum and galleries. 

The main entrance from the street leads to 
the first floor; the two small entrances on 
cither side of the steps of the main entrance 
lead to the ground floor. A passenger elevator 
gives service to all floors and the main book- 
stack is equipped with an automatic service ele- 
vator. There are also two automatic book 
lifts, one in the main stack room, which serves 
also the shipping and catalogue rooms, and 
one in the newspaper stack room, wr.ich ex- 
tends to the newspaper reading room above. 
The service driveway in the rear is accessible 
to the shipping and receiving room of tb.e his- 
torical society at the north end on the ground 
floor, and to the shipping rooms of the dcpart- 
nicnt of education at the south end on tlie base- 
nient floor. 



I 



The exterior walls of "the huilcling are con- 
structed of warm gray granite, quarried at 
Sauk Rapids, Minnesota; the marble of the 
main staircase and of the floors of the corri- 
dors and stackrooms is from quarries at Ka- 
sota, Minnesota; and the stone for the walls of 
■the vestibule and entrance hall on the first 
floor is from deposits at Frontenac, Minnesota, 
The style of architecture is Roman Renais- 
sance reduced to its simplest elements, the cen- 
tral motive being an Ionic colonnade projected 
over a recessed loggia. 

THE MAIN LIBRARY 

The main library contains at present about 
120,000 printed books and pamphlets, not in- 
cluding newspapers, which are administered in 
a separate division. Tt endeavors, first of all, 
to maintain a complete Minnesota collection 
consisting of all books, pamphlets, and mis- 
cellaneous printed matter relating in any way 
to the state. This includes official publications 
of state, county, and city departments and in- 
stitutions; publications of semiofficial or pri- 
vate societies, organizations, and business es- 
tablishments; perioflicals issued in ^Minnesota; 
works by Minnesota authors; and publications 
about Minnesota, its subdivisions, physical fea- 
tures, citizens, institutions, and organizations. 
Current material is acquired as well as that re- 



ts 



lating to the past. This Minnesota collection 
occupies a separate portion of the bookstack, 
where it may be conveniently consulted by any 
one desiring to study the state in any of its 
various aspects. 

The field of Americana is so large that the 
library cannot attempt to cover it fully. So far 
as available funds will permit, hov/ever, all im- 
portant works in general American history and 
a somewhat more comprehensive selection of 
books relating to the upper Mississippi Valley 
and Great Lakes region are acquired. The 
library is an official depository for the publi- 
cations of the United States government, and 
its collection of the documents of other states 
supplements that of the State Library, particu- 
larly for the period prior to i88r. Special sub- 
jects in the field of Americana for which the 
library has well rounded collections are geo-" 
logy, archeology, Indians, biography, travel 
and description, local history, political science, 
economics, and education. On two subjects 
the library aims to have practically coniplete 
collections of available material. These are 
American genealogy and the history of the 
Scandinavian element in the United .States. 

The collection of genealogical material 
5'anks among the best of its kind in the coun- 
try. Besides a large number of family histor- 
ies, it includes files of practicalh- all th.e ger.ea- 
logical magazines, many sets of collected 
genealogies, files of the publications of the 



19 



I 



I 



hereditary patriotic societies, and many vol- 
umes of vital records. The various printed in- 
dexes which guide the investigator are in- 
cluded, and much supplementary material is 
available in individual biographies, the publica- 
ttQHS of historical societies, published archives 
and military records, and a remarkable collec- 
tion of town, county, and state histories. Roth 
amateur and professional genealogists are con- 
stantly at work in the library, and from it has 
been drawn the evidence to support innumer- 
able applications for admission to hereditary 
patriotic societies. 

The society has recently begun to devote 
special attention to the history of the Scandi- 
navian element in the United States. In order 
to avoid duplication, an agreement was made 
with the board of regents of the l/^niversity of 
^linnesota by which the university library will 
acquire material relating to the Scandinavian 
languages and literatures and to the hi^tory 
of the Scandinavian countries themselves, and 
the historical society will collect material re- 
lating to these nationalities in the United States, 
In accord with this agreement the university 
library transferred to tlie society its extensive 
and valuable O. X. Nelson collection. During 
the summer of 1918 the society also acquired 
another large collection from T'rofessor Gisle 
Bothnc of the I'niversity of Minnesota. About 
fifty Scandinavian-American newspapers and 
periodicals from all parts of the l^nited States 



20 



are being received currently, anri many back 
voUnnes have been acciuired from various 
sources. The society has had the aid of Scan- 
dinavian experts in the bibliographical work 
of building up this collection, and there are 
usually on the staff one or two assistants witli 
a knowledge of the languages to help in caring 
for it. It is believed that the collection will 
soon be, if it .is not already, the mo-f t complete 
of its kind in the country. 

Outside the field of Americana the present 
policy of the library is to maintain select ref- 
erence collections rather than to build up com- 
prehensive collections for research purposes. 
The various encyclopedias, indexes, and other 
standard reference works will be found on the 
shelves, and the most important books relat- 
ing to foreign countries are acquired as far as 
possible. Works in the scientific field arc not 
collected except on subjects closely related to 
history, such as geology and anthropology. 
Books of fiction are also excluded unless they 
have historical value or are the products of 
Minnesota authors. But since the limits of 
collection were less restricted in the past, 
when the output of books was smaller, and 
^ince all sorts of works have been received as 
gifts, rare and curious itetns on almost ever\- 
conceivable subject may be found in the 
library. 

Fully two-thirds of the current acquisitions 
come in as exchanges or gifts. Warly al! the 



21 



liistorical societies, the principal universities, 
and many other institutions of the United 
States and Canada, and a few in ojher coun- 
tries send their publications to the society in 
exchange for its publications; and much valu- 
able material is acquired by the exchange of 
duplicates with other large libraries. Countless 
individuals and organizations all over the coun- 
try present copies of their publications in order 
that they may be preserved in the library and 
made accessible to the public. Members and 
friends of the society frequently turn over to 
it accumulations of books, pamphlets, and peri- 
odicals w'hich tliey do not care to retain, and 
such contributions are earnestly solicited. No 
one need hesitate to do this for fear that the 
material will not be' wanted because such of it 
as proves to be duplicated in the library or out- 
side of its field can nearly always be disposed 
of to advantage by exchange with other insti- 
tutions. 

THE REFERENCE DEPARTMENT 

The resources of the library are free to the 
public and are available tiirough the reading- 
room service. Application for all books, 
pamphlets, periodicals, and maps should be 
made at the desk in the main reading room 
(loi). which is open from 8:30 a. m. to 5:00 
p. M. every day except Sunday. Many of the 
more importarit ref<>renci' works, such as 



22 



genealogical sets, dictionaries, encyclopedias, 
atlases, and periodical indexes, are placed in 
open shelves around the room. One section of 
shelves is filled with a collection of recent 
books of general interest, which is constantly 
being renewed. Reside it is a section used for 
exhibitions of books on special subjects of cur- 
rent int<?rest. 

A list of the books in the library will be 
found in the card catalogue, which is in cases 
at the east end of the room. By means of 
this catalogue the books in the library may be 
located. In each drav/er of the case will be 
found a card of instructions with '"How to use 
this catalogue" printed in red on the projecting 
tab. By following the directions on thfs card 
it is a simple matter to ascertain whether or 
not the library has a specific book or what 
books it has on a given subject and to secure 
the desired material. The attendants at the 
desk will gladly give advice and suggestions 
about the use of the catalogue and reference 
books, but patrons are expected to make out 
their own call slips for books and do the actual 
work of investigation themselves. The libra- 
rian will be glad to assist, as far as possible, in 
the solution of problems involving especial dit- 
ficulties and will be summoned by the attend- 
ant when necessary. 

The collections of the library are primarily 
for use in the building, but books not fre- 



23 



qiiently used in reference work and not diffi- 
cult to replace if lost may be borrowed by re- 
sponsible persons for home or ofhce use. An 
extension of the service of the library is made 
possible through the system of interlibrary 
loans. The librarian will, when requested, en- 
deavor to borrow from some outside library 
books needed for research purposes whicli are 
not available in any of the libraries of the Twin 
Cities. In such cases the user m.ust pay trans- 
portation charges and the books may not be 
taken from the building. Inquiries by mail or 
^telephone for inforniation that can readily be 
found in the reference books of the library are 
answered by the librarian with as much dis- 
patch as circumstances will permit. 

The privilege of consulting books in the 
stack is extended, on application at the desk, 
to competent persons who can furnish satis- 
factory references. The stack room occupies 
four full stories on the east side of the build- 
ing from the basement to the sccond-lloor ceil- 
ing and encloses an eight-tier enamcled-steel, 
self-supporting bookstack with a capacity of 
384,000 volumes. The shelving and floors for 
.the four lower tiers have not been installed 
as yet. At the entrance to each floor is a 
schedule giving the locations of books on all 
the floors. The iiulividual sections of the 
stack are also labeled on the cuds with the 
classification numbers. Black type on these 
labels indicate the Cutter classification, and 



24 



red, that of the Library of Congress. A dis- 
tinction is also made in the labels on the backs 
of the books; round labels are used for the 
Cutter and rectangular ones for the Libr?ry of 
Congress classification. fSee page 27.; a fev,- 
private studies on the floors of the bookstack 
are available for persons engaged in extensive 
research. 

THE ACCESSIONS AND CATALOGUE 
DEPARTMENTS 

To the accessions department belongs the 
work of acquiring additions to the library, 
either by purchase, exchange, or gift. Books 
to be purchased are selected mainly from, cata- 
logues issued by publishers and by dealers in 
remainders and second-hand books and from 
reviews in historical periodicals. Before order- 
ing an item it is usually necessary to consult 
the catalogue, a current-receipts file, and the 
outstanding orders in order to pre-vent dup- 
lication. Extensive correspondence is con- 
ducted to secure the exchange material to 
which the society is entitled aiid to establis'i 
new exchange relations, ^[any letters are writ- 
ten to the autliors of privately pri-ited books 
asking for presentation copies and to publish- 
ers of magazines and reports asking that the 
society's name be placed on the complimentary 
mailing list. 



25 



All books and pamphlets arriving at the 
library go first to the accessions department 
where they are checked on the bills and rec- 
ords, or acknowledged if they are gifts, and 
entered in the current-receipts file. Incoming 
periodicals and serial publications, of which the 
society was receiving over two thousand at the 
end of 1919, arc checked in a card record, and 
constant vigilance is necessary to prevent gaps 
in the files of this material. The accessions 
department also prepares books and periodi- 
cals for binding. This involves the preparation 
of instructions for the binder, collation to in- 
sure perfect copies, and. frequently, corre- 
spondence to obtain title pages and indexes. 
When the volumes return from the bindery 
they are checked on the binder's bill and ex- 
amined to see that the instructions have been 
followed. 

After leaving the accessions department 
books go to the catalogue department for 
classifying, cataloguing, and shelving. The 
progress of a book- through this department 
is frequently a long and complicated process. 
Author, title, and subject cards are prepared 
for the public catalogue in the reading room. 
One card is also made for the shelf list, which 
is a file in the catalogue room containing 
cards arranged in the order in which the books 
stand on the shelves. Tf a book covers sev- 
eral different subjects or is written by several 
authors, a larger number of cards are neces- 



26 



sary. Many problems as to names, dates, edi- 
tions, and series numbers have to be solved by 
the cataloguers. Printed catalogue cards for 
many of the books are purchased from the 
Library of Congress. An alphabetical file of 
cards printed by the Library of Congress since 
July, 1915, is maintained in the catalogue room, 
and this valuable bibliographical aid may be 
consulted by any one interested. The system 
of classification now used is that of the Library 
of Congress, which is especially suited to a 
library composed largely of Americana. An 
exception is made, however, in the case of 
United States documents, most of which are 
arranged according to a scheme devised by 
the superintendent of documents in Washing- 
ton. Books received before 1915 were classi- 
fied according to the Cutter system, but these 
are gradually being reclassified. 

THE NEWSPAPER DIVISION 

One of the most valuable parts of the so- 
ciety's library is the collection of Minnesota 
newspapers numbering about ten thousand 
bound volumes and ranking among the half 
dozen largest and best-cared-for newspaper 
collections in the country, ^lost of the files are 
complete from the beginning of the paper, and 
organs presenting various points of viev.- can be 
found for every period from the first appear- 
ance of the press in the state in 1849 to tlie 

27 



present. This collection is an invaluable source 
of information for state and local history and 
is much used by research workers. It is also 
consulted frequently by attorneys for legal evi- 
dence, especially with reference to the publica- 
tion of notices. At present about four hundred 
papers, including at least one from every 
county in the state are received regularly as 
contributions from the publishers, and back 
files of papers not received as issued are occa- 
sionally acquired. With reference to papers 
published outside the state, no attempt is made 
to rival the great collection of the Wisconsin 
Historical Society, but the library possesses 
long files of a number of important papers, and 
the current issues of about a dozen of the prin- 
cipal dailies representative of different sections 
of the country are turned over to the division 
for preservation by the Minneapolis public 
and university lil)raries. 

The newspaper reading room (102) is 
equipped with special racks for holding the vol- 
umes while they arc being consulted and con- 
tains a cabinet for the current files of the daily 
papers most frequently consulted. All other 
current files and the bound volumes are kept 
in the nev^rspaper stack room, which is directly 
below the reading room atul extends for some 
distance along the front of the building. This 
contains a four-floor, fireproof stack capable of 
housing about twenty thousand newspaper vol- 
umes. 

2« 



THE MANUSCRIPT DIVISION 



From the very beginning of the society's 
activities the importance of collecting and pre- 
serving the unprinted sources of history, and 
especially of the history of Minnesota has been 
recognized, with the result that the society 
now possesses a large and invaluable manu- 
script collection. When the transfer to the 
new building took place, a separate division 
was created to take care of this material and 
a room on the second floor (209) was set aside 
for its use. Since then the work of cleaning, 
pressing, arranging, filing, and cataloguing 
the material has been pushed forward rapidly, 
so that, in spite of large accessions during this 
period, most of the collection is now available 
for consultation by students. 

A considerable portion of the manuscript 
collection consists of correspondence and other 
personal papers of men who have played a 
prominent part in the history of Minnesota- 
such men, for example, as Henry H. Siblev, 
Alexander Ramsey, Franklin Steele, and Igna- 
tuis Donnelly. The papers of a large number 
of men of less prominence are included, how- 
ever, and these are often fully as valuable as 
the others, particularly to the student of social 
and economic conditions. Besides the personal 
!>apers, which are usually kept together in a 
t-hronological arrangement, there is a large 
Jnass of material which is classif.ed by sub- 



jccts. This includes individual manuscripts • 
such as letters, journals, reminiscences, genea- \ 
logies, and monographs; and collections, large j 
and small, of the papers and records of organ- ' * 
izations of all sorts, such as military compa- I 
nies, commercial firms, churches, cluhs, and j 
societies. I 

The unbound material in the manuscript 
collection is tiled flat in manila folders placed 
vertically in specially constructed dust-proof ' 
and light-proof filing boxes. These boxes are 
arranged on the shelves in the order of the 
classification, together with the bound vol- 
umes, such as letter-books, account-books, and 
diaries. Because of insufficient space in the , 
manuscript room some of the less used groups ' 
are kept in the bookstack. It is expected that \ 
ultimately the more valuable groups of papers \ 
will be mounted and bound into volumes, and | 
many of the older documents will have to be ; 
reparied and reinforced with mousseline. 

The catalogue of the manuscripts contains 
donor, author, title, and subject cards, and a ^ 
few of the collections have been calendared; 
that is, cards have been niadc for individual \ 
.letters or documents with brief statements | 
upon them of the contents of the items. These . 
cards are filed in chronological order and sup- 
ply a sort of table of contents to the collec- 
tions. Such calendars, wlicn completed and 
indexed, will greatly facilitate the work of the 
investigator. The manuscript room is open to 



the public and contains tables for the rise of 
students and workers. Some of these tables, 
which are covered with plate glass, are used 
also for frequently changed exhibits of inter- 
esting groups of manuscripts. 

The collections of the division are supple- 
mented b}' a calendar, containing at present 
about twentj'-five thousand cards, of manu- 
script materials relating to the upper Missis- 
sippi region in the archives of the state, 
interior, and post-office departments of the 
federal government. The compilation of this 
calendar has been made possible by the cooper- 
ation of the historical agencies of six north- 
western states, and the work is being con- 
tinued in other sections of the national archives. 
It is expected that ultimately transcripts or 
photostat copies will be obtained of the more 
important documents here listed as far as tliey 
relate to ^Minnesota. 

The manuscript collection has been built up 
almost entirely by contributioiis from public 
spirited citizens v:ho have recognized the society 
as the proper custodian of such material and 
have welcomed the opportunit}- it ofters for the 
permanent preservation of papers relating to 
themselves, their relatives, and the organiza- 
tions with whicli they have been connected, 
-lany important collections of manuscripts of 
value for the history of the state are stil! in 
i'rivate hands, however, and others are con- 
stantly accumulating. The owners and cus- 

31 



todians of such collections arc urged to de- 
posit them with the societ}', which is in a posi- 
tion to preserve them for posterity and to 
make them accessible to students. When neces- 
sary, material is accepted with reasonable re- 
strictions as to the use to be made of it. The 
possession of a photostat enables the society 
to make for its files reproductions of valuable 
documents with which tlie owners are unwill- 
ing to part. 

THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES 

The most obvious source for the history of 
any organization is its official archives — the 
records and papers which are compiled or ac- 
cumulate in the course of its activities — and 
this is true no less of the state and its subdivi- 
sions, the counties, towns, and cities, than of 
organizations of a private character. It is 
quite in accord with the objects of the society, 
as specified in its charter, therefore, that it has 
devoted considerable attention of late to the 
problems involved in the care of noncurrent 
state and local archives and in making them 
accessible to students of history. All the Euro- 
pean countries and some of the American 
states make provision for the assembling of 
noncurrent records from the various depart- 
ments and local jurisdictions in some place 
where they may be classified and cared for by 
experts. 



32 



In Minnesota the most sat'sfactory solu- 
tion appeared to be the designation of the his- 
torical society as the official custodian of such 
material, and the first step in that direction 
was taken when the legislature of 1915 pro- 
vided that the Historical Building should be 
erected "for and adapted to the use of the Min- 
nesota historical society and for the care, pre- 
servation and protection of the srate arcliives.'' 
During 1915 the society cooperated vrith the 
public archives commission of the American 
Historical Association in securing the compila- 
tion of an inventor}- of the Minnesota archives, 
which was published in the .-Annual Report of 
the association for 1914 (Washington. 1916), 
and which made clear the need for more ade- 
quate provision for the care of archival mate- 
rial. The legislature of 1919 enacted a law 
empowering the society to act as custodian of 
state and local archives and authorizing the 
transfer to it of noncurrent public records 
whenever it is prepared to receive them. 

The society cannot undertake archives work- 
on a large scale until more space is available 
in the building for workrooms and storage, and 
funds are available to pay for the services of 
an archivist and assistants. When that time 
comes it is expected that a separate archives 
division will be established. In th.e meantime, 
however, a beginning has been made in the 
transfer of important state archives to the cus- 
tody of the society, where they are being ca^ed 



33 



for at present by the manuscript division. 
About six hundred pasteboard boxes full of 
executive archives and twenty bound volumes 
of executive registers and similar material have 
been received from the governor's office. Of 
this collection practically all the papers dating 
from the beginning of the territory in 1849 to 
1*869 — invaluable group for historical pur- 
poses — have been cleaned, pressed, arranged, 
and filed, and are now available for use by stu- 
dents. Other archival material in the custody 
of the society includes the records of the sur- 
veyors general of logs and lumber for the first 
and second districts and a number of small 
groups and miscellaneous items. The society 
is prepared to receive and care for compara- 
tively small lots of public records, state or 
local, preference being given to material which 
is of special historical value or which cannot 
be adequately cared for in present depositor- 
ies. 

THE MUSEUM 

The sources of history consist not merely 
of printed and wrilten material but also of 
physical objects and pictures which help to re- 
produce tiie life and conditions of the past. The 
collection, preservation, and display of this 
class of material is the function of the society's 
museum. The whole of the tliird or top floor 
of the new building, con'^isting of four large 



34 



exhibition halls, several storage closets and an 
office, was designed for the use of the museum. 
The rooms are lighted from above, with al! 
glare and shadow eliminated by the use or 
syenite glass, which diffuses the light. The 
south hall is used at present as an auditorium, 
in which are held the meetings of the society 
and of other societies and clubs, but the v.alls 
of the room are available for the display or 
portraits. The north hall is devoted to Indian 
and archaeological material, and the east and 
west halls contain the general historical ex- 
hibits. A part of the west hall is used at pres- 
ent as a workroom. Framed pictures are hung 
on the walls in all the rooms and also ia the 
corridors. 

The collections of the museum, relate pri- 
marily to ^Minnesota but include also consider- 
able material pertaining to other parts of the 
United States and to foreign countries. Par- 
ticularly notable are the extensive collections 
in tlie field of American archaeology assembled 
by Alfred J. Hill, Theodore H. Lewis. Jacob 
V. Brower, the Reverend Edward C. Mitchell, 
and Xewton H. Winchell. The general his- 
torical collection, although large and valuable, 
is somewhat haphazard in character. havii:g 
been built up by gradual accumulation during 
the seventy years of the society's existence, but 

attempt is now being made to round it out 
I'y systematic campaigns for material. Among 
tile large objects of special interest are the first 



35 



A' 



printing press used in ^linncsota, a hand loom, 
a Red River cart, and one of the first automo- 
biles brought to the state. Classes of material 
which are fairly well represented include old- 
fashioned clothing, objects illustrative of dom- 
estic life, and World War specimens. The pic- 
ture collection contains thousands of photo- 
graphs, cuts, and prints, and about five hun- 
dred framed pictures, mostly portraits of men 
and women who have played a part in the his- 
tory of the state. There is also an extensive 
collection of posters gathered mainly during 
the W^orld War. 

Most of the material in the museum has 
been contributed by members and friends of 
the society, for the available funds have been 
too limited to permit of purchases. Objects 
and pictures which illustrate methods and con- 
ditions now obsolete and which would there- 
fore be valuable additions to the collections are 
to be found in almost every household, and the 
owners are invited to present them to the 
museum where their preservation will be as- 
sured and they v/ill help the people of the pres- 
ent and the future to visualize the life of the 
past. Material of special value to the museum 
is sometimes accepted on deposit when the 
owner is unwilling to surrender title to it, par- 
ticularly when tiiere is a probability that it 
will ultimately become the property of the 
society. 



36 



Since the transfer of the museum to the 
new building and the appointment of a curator, 
rapid progress has been made in the classifica- 
tion and cataloguing of the collections. The 
unframed pictures are divided into groups by 
size, arranged by subject v.-ithin each group, 
and placed in vertical files; and a card cata- 
logue of the entire picture collection enables 
one quickly to ascertain its resources on any 
given subject or to locate a desired picture. 
The historical and archeological objects* are 
recorded in an accession book, numbered, and 
provided with explanatory labels. Xo cata- 
logue of this material is available as yet, but 
it is expected that one will be begun in the near 
future. 

In the arrangement of exhibits the primary 
I)urpose is to interest and instruct the hun- 
dreds of people who visit the museum every 
week. The specimens are grouped in some 
logical cr chronological manner and much his- 
torical information is conveyed by, means of 
carefully written labels. Most of tl^c large ob- 
jects and some of the more significant of tb.e 
"^mailer ones are kept on display permanently. 
!>ut it is neither possible nor desirable to ex- 
iiibit all the possessions of the museum at any 
one time. By occasional changes in the main 
groups and by the frequent display of special 
exhibits, often related to sonic current even: 
or anniversary, the interest of the public is 
■sustained and the educational possibilities are 

37 



■ r-n 



increased. Material not on exhibition is kept 
in the large storage closets so arranged that 
it is readily available when v/anted by investi- 
gators. Of tlie extensive archeological collec- 
tion, much of which is of interest mainly to 
specialists, the greater part is kept in storage 
and only selections of typical or unusually in- 
teresting articles are exhibited. Only a part of 
the framed pictures, also, can be hung at any 
one^ time, and the unframcd pictures are dis- 
played as a rule onl}^ in special exhibits. For 
these the resources of the society's book and 
manuscript collections are frequently drawn 
upon also. 

The vrork of the museum with school chil- 
dren is particularh' promising. Teachers of 
courses in history, government, geography, 
domestic science, and other subjects are rap- 
idly discovering the facilities which it offers for 
visual instruction, with the result that a large 
number of grade and high school classes, not 
only from the Twin Cities but also from other 
parts of the stale, are brought to the museum 
to examine and study the collections. Twice 
a month during the school year, on the second 
and fourth Saturday afternoons at three 
o'clock, special museum talks for children in 
the grades from the fourth to the eighth in- 
clusive are given by the cm-ator or other mem- 
bers of the society's staff. These talks, which 
are very popular with the children, serve to 



38 



arouse an interest in and an appreciation of tli'.- 
things of the past. 

The museum is open to the public daily ex- 
cept Sundays and holidays, and occasional!:, 
provision is made for a holiday opening. 

THE RESEARCH AND EDITORIAL 
DIVISION 

Not content with the mere collection ai:^' 
preservation of the materials for history, the 
society has from the beginning promoted re- 
search to extend the boundaries of historic^ 
knowledge and disseminated historical infor- 
mation by the publication of original docu- 
ments and narratives, monographs, papers, and 
compilations of data. The first publication, is- 
sued in 1850 with the title Aniials of t'm Min- 
uesota Historical Society, consisted of ai: ad- 
dress b}- the Reverend E. D. Xeill on '"The 
French Voyageurs to Minnesota in the Sev- 
f^nteentb. Century" (2S p.). Similar AK-ials 
Nvere published in each of the three succeeding 
years, and in 1S56 a report submitted by the 
society to the legislature was issued as a terri- 
torial document with the title Materials for tiie 
f'ufure History of Minnesota (141 p.\ These 
publications were reprinted in 1S72 as vohnne i 
of the Collections of the Minnesota Hisforiea! 
■'society, atid this series has been continued to 
the present day. 



39 



The Minnesota Historical Collections, as this 
series is commonl}' called, consist at present 
of seventeen volumes, of which one. volume 
10, is bound in two parts, and one, volume i6, 
is still incomplete. Nine of these volumes a're 
made up of miscellaneous documents, papers, 
sketches, and memoirs, and the remainder con- 
sist of monographs or special compilations as 
follows: 4, History of the City of St. Paid a)id 
the County of Ramsey, Minnesota, by J. Fletcher 
Williams (1876. 475 p.); 5. Histories of the 
Ojibway Indians, by William W\ Warren and 
Edward D. Ncill (18S5. 535 p.); 7, The Missis- 
sippi River and Its Source, by Jacob V. Brower 
(1893. 360 p.); II, Itasca State Park, An Illus- 
trated History, by the same author (1904. 285 
p.); I3» Lives of the Governors of Minnesota, 
by James H. Baker (1908. 480 p.); 14, Minne- 
sota Biographies, ]655-igi2, by Warren Uphain 
and Mrs. Rose B. Dunlap (1912. 892 p.); 16, 
part I, The JVeathering of Aboriginal Sto)ie Arti- 
facts, No. I, by Newton H. Winchell (1913. 1S6 
p.); and 17, Minnesota Geographic Names, Their 
Origin and Historic Significance, by Warren Up- 
ham (1920. 735 p.). In the future the Collections 
will be reserved mainly for original material; 
and a number of series of volumes have been 
planned, to include all the important sources 
not elsewhere readily available in print for the 
various periods and phases of Minnesota's his- 
tory. 



40 



A monograph on the Aborigines of Minne- 
sota, by Nev.ton H. Winchell (761 p.), not in- 
cluded in che Collections- ?>tr\(:s, was published 
in 191 1 ; and the society has in press at the 
present time tiie first volume of a three or four 
volume Critical History of Minnesota, by Wil- 
liam W. Folwell. A quarterly magazine, the 
.Minnesota History Bulletin, has been published 
since 191 5. Each issue contains one or m.ore 
papers or addresses and also reviews of books 
touching on Minnesota history, information 
about the activities of the society, and historical 
news and comment. Occasionally a section 
devoted to notes and documents is included. 
Annual reports to the legislature were pub- 
lished for the years from 1867 to 1878 inclu- 
sive, and these are followed by a series of 
twenty biennial reports. 

The pultlicatioris are sent regularly to all 
members and to libraries with which exchange 
relations have been established. The reports 
are distributed freely as long as the supply 
lasts, and copies of the other publications are 
available for purchase, with the exception 01 
volume 4 of the Collectioiis, which is out of 
print. Price lists will be supplied on applica- 
tion. 

The preparation or revision of copy and the 
reading of proof for the various publications 
are the priricipal functions of the research and 
editorial di\'ision of the societ}-. This division 
also undertakes, hov.-ever, to compile informa- 



41 



lion on all sorts of historical problems in re- 
sponse to inquiries received by mail. Desiring 
to extend its service as widely as possible, the 
society welcomes such inquiries, especially 
when the}' invoK'e the use of material not gen- 
erally available and come from people unable 
to use the resources of the society in person. 

FIELD WORK 

This society was among the first to under- 
take a systematic survey of its field for the 
purpose of bringing to light scattered and 
hitherto undiscovered, iittle known, or neglect- 
ed sources of historical information, and of 
arousing a more general and active interest in 
state and local history. A field agent was em- 
ployed in this work from September, 1916, to 
the end of 191 7, and during this period about 
thirty-five communities in twenty-four counties 
were visited. The pressure of other more im- 
mediately essential tasks and the lack of funds 
necessitated the suspension of this work during 
1918 and the following years but it will be 
resunicd at the first opportunity. 

The work of ihc field agent centered about 
the task of making comprehensi\'C inventories 
of the archives of the counties of the state, as 
found in their courthouses, witii notes on the 
condition of the records and the methods of 
making and preserving them. These inven- 
tories were completed for sixteen of the 



eighty-six counties of Minnesota. When the 
remainder of the counties have been covered 
the inventories will be published, and it is hoped 
that the resulting volume will serve, not only as 
a useful guide book for those who have occasion 
to consult the records, v/hethcr for historical 
or other purposes, but also as a starting point 
for a movement to improve the administration 
of count}' archives. 

The field agent endeavored also to discover 
and list extant files of local newspapers in the 
places visited in order that the newspaper 
n^.atcrial available to workers in Minnesota 
history might be supplemented either through 
accessions to the society's collection or through 
centralized information about files to be found 
in the localities. Search was also made for 
manuscripts and museum objects of historical 
value in private hands, with a view to acquiring 
or at least locating and listing them. In each 
communitA- an endeavor was made to arouse 
in as many people as possible an appreciation 
<"'f the value and possibilities of local historical 
work, with the object of securing their interest 
and cooperation and of paving the way for the 
establishment of county historical societies. 

WAR HISTORY ACTIVITIES 

From the very beginning of American par- 
ticipation in the war, the various departments 
of the society made special efforts to acquire. 



along with material normally secured in the 
course of their regular procedure, as many as 
possible of the special products of war-time 
activities and conditions. It soon became evi- 
dent, however, that a mere extension of the 
historical society's normal activities would not 
suffice, but that what was needed was a regular 
war-time drive, carried on by a state-wide 
organization, specially created, named, and 
financed for the purpose. In August, 1918, 
therefore, the Minnesota Commission of Public 
Safety, at the suggestion of the society, author- 
ized the establishmen.t of and provided funds 
for a Minnesota War Records Commission, 
the members of which were appointed by the 
Governor. The superintendent of the society 
was chairman of t!ie commission, its field 
agent served as director, and office space was 
provided in the tlistorical Building. The legis- 
lature of 1919 established the commission as a 
statutory body and appropriated ten thousand 
dollars . for its work during the biennium 
1919-21. 

Plans have been made for the ultimate 
compilation and publication of an elaborate 
history of Min!iesota in the war, to include 
rosters, documents, and a general narrative; 
but the availai)]e funds are insufficient for un- 
dertaking this at t!ie present time. The imme- 
diate task which tlie Minnesota War Records 
Commission set for itself, therefore, was that 
of bringing about the collection and preser- 



44 



vation of all available material relating to 
Afinnesota in the war. To this end war records 
committees have been established in nearly all 
the counties of the state, to make local collec- 
tions for- preservation in the counties and to 
cooperate with the commission in building up 
the state collection. The commission is ac- 
quiring the state headquarters files of ofiicial 
correspondence, records, and reports of many 
of the various war agencies such as the United 
States Employment Service, the Y. M. C. A. 
War Council, and the War Camp Community 
Service, and also large quantities of private 
and semiprivate material. Comprehensive 
forms for individual service records have been 
printed and, through the cooperation of the 
Soldier's Bonus Board, these forms have been 
fdled out by all but a very small percentage 
of Minnesota men in the service. 

All this material will ultimately be added t 
the files of the Minnesota Historical Society 
which is designated by the law establishing the 
commission as the official custodian of the 
>tate war records collection. The commission 
Has also cooperated with the library of the 
society in procuring printed matter relating r 
the war, including especially the rniscellany 
v/hich formed a part of the working parapher- 
'ialia of every war organization: and it ha- 
cooperated with the museum in building up it.^ 
collection of war material such as poster'^ 



45 



photographs, 'motion picture fihiis, lantern 
slides, and military equipment and trophies. 

Two bulletins published by the commission 
and available for free distribution give detailed 
information a])out its activities and plans. These 
are entitled: A Statewide M ovonoit for tJir 
Collection Old Preservation of j\Iiii>iesota's War 
Records: and M innesota^s Part in the War, Shall 
It Be Adequately Recorded f The latter contains 
a discussion of and a tentative outline for the 
proposed war history. y 



46 



[H.ANDBOOK SKkIF,S Xo. 2] 



MINNESOTA 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 



HANDBOOK 

[Second Edition] 




Saint Paul 
Published bv the Society 
August, 1921 



OFFICERS 

Frederic A. Fogg, Preside tit 

William W. Folvvell, First Viee President 

Frederick G. Ingersoll, Second Vice President , i 

Solon J. Buck, Secretory Historical Sketch 5 

Everett H. Bailey, Treasurer | Orgaxizatiox and ^vIembership g 

The executive committee consists of the presi- 1 he Historical Building 12 

dent, the secretary, the treasurer, and two appointed . 

t e IT- , , i HE Main Library 17 
members, Edward P. Sanborn, and Frederick 1/ 

G. Ingersoll. I The Reference Department. ......... 97 

f The Accessions and Catalogue Departments 24 
ADMINISTRATION f Newspaper Division o? 

I The Manuscript Division 9g 

Solon J. Buck, Superintendent [ 

I The Public Archives 39 

Warren Upiiam, Archeoloyist f 

j The jMuseum _ _ 34 

WiLHELMiNA E. Carothers, Librarian \ * " * 

J HE Research and Editorial Division ^9 

John Talman, Newspaper Librarian f 

V •i'ield Work 4/ 

Grace Lee Nute, Curator of Manuscripts , - 

^\AR History Actr'ities 43 

WiLLOCGHBY M. l>Ai!rocK Jr., Curator of ii 
Museion. ; 

Cec:l W. Shirk, Field Secretary, 



,11 

.■'ct r jv,i(l. ^ i ■ ^ ; ■ ■ , /, 



HO- 




i 

i HISTORICAL SKETCH 

^ The Minnesota Historical Society was for- 
j nially organized on November 15, 1849, in the 
1 office of Charles Kilgore Smith, secretary of 
; the Territory of Minnesota. Alexander Ram- 
f j^ey was elected president and Mr. Smith sec- 

i rotary. The first territorial legislature had 
already passed and Governor Ramsey on Oc- 
i tober 20 had signed an act of incorporation 
I drawn up by Mr. Smith. The object of the 
I society as stated in this act was "the collec- 
l t'-on and preservation of a Library 
i Ind'-'n c'.rio^itics and other matters and 
^ '-hitigs connected with, and calculated to illus- 
trate and perpetuate the history and settlement" 
\ "f Minnesota Territory. An amendent 

» this act, approved March 1. 1856, further 
I provided that: "The objects of said Society 
\ • ■ • shall be, in addition to the collection 
\ ^tiul preservation of publications, manuscripts, 
/ antiquities, curiosities, and all other things 
inrtaining to the social, political and natural 
History of Minnesota, to cultivate among the 
'^■tizens thereof a knowledge of the useful and 
'iberal arts, science and literature." 

l-he principal activities of the society dur- 
'"R the tifties consisted of the holding of mee:- 



ings at which papers were read and the pub- 
lication of a series of pamphlets called Annals 
A beginning was made in the accumulatior. 
of a library, however, and in 1855 a room in 
the capitol was set aside for the use of the 
society. In the following year its public char- 
acter was further recognized by an act of the 
territorial legislature authorizing an annua; 
grant of five hundred dollars to aid in carry- 
ing on the work. An attempt was made dur- 
ing this period to raise money b}' suhscriptiov. 
and the sale of life memberships for the erec- 
tion of a building for the society. A site or 
the corner of Wabasha and Tenth streets wa^ 
purchased, the foundation walls were com- 
pleted, and in 1856 the corner stone was lai- 
with imposing ceremonies. The necessary 
funds for the coini)lction of the building ecu!- 
not be secured because of the Panic of 185' 
but the lots purchased for the site proved t 
be a valuable investment. 

With the outbreak of the Civil War the ai' 
propriation from the state was cut off. so<i 
thereafter the room in the capitol was rcciiii 
sitioned for otiier purposes, and for about tw 
years the society was inactive. In 1863 a re- 
organization was effected however, the appr'- 
priation was restored by the next legislatnn 
and from 1864 to 1868 the society occupi^"^ 
a room adjoining the St. Paul Public Libra''" 
in the Ingersoll Block on the corner of Wabas!- 
and Third Street^. 







The man who laid the real foundations of 
the society, and particularly of it^ library, wa^ 
J. Fletcher Williams, who was elected secre- 
tary in 1867 and who served in that capacity 
until 1892. In 1868 quarters were again se'- 
cured in the capitol, and in 1869 the appropria- 
tion from the state was increased to two 
thousand dollars a year, thus making it pos- 
sible for Mr. Williams to devote him;,elf en- 
tirely to the work. The library, which con- 
sisted of about three thousand books and 
pamphlets in 1868, increased, by gift and pur- 
chase, to over twenty thousand in 1881, news- 
paper files were systematically accumulated, 
^'ind a considerable museum of archeological 
and historical objects was assem.bied. The 
appropriation was raised to $2,500 in 1S71. to 
^'3.000 in 1876, and to $4,000 in 1881. 

In March. 1881, the capitol building was 
'>urned to the ground. Fortunately for the 
society its rooms were located in the base- 
"K-nt, which made possible the rem.oval of 
practically all the mainjibrary: and most ot 
5he newspaper files, which were in a fireproof 
•ault, were saved. Some valuable newspa- 
!'^"rs, the entire museum, and over twenty 
'■housand volumes of duplicates, mostly state 
fJocuments. and of stock of the society's pub- 
''(■alions w^re destroyed, hovvcver. 
For two years the society occupied rooms 
the basement of the ^farket House, on the 
corner of Wabasha and Seventh streets, after 



7 



which it was installed in the new capitol 
erected on the site of the old. There it re- 
mained until 1905, when it took possession oi 
somewhat more commodious quarters m thc 
present capitol building. The annual appro- 
priation from the state was further increased 
in 1883 to $6,000. in 1899 to $7,500. in 1901 to 
$11 000, in 1903 to $15,000. in 1905 to $20,000. 
in 1917 to $25,000. and in 1921 to $40,000. From 
1883 on, the library grew steadily at the rate 
of about three thousand books and pamphlets 
a year the museum was built up anew, and a 
valuable manuscript collection was accumulat- 
ed The long term of Mr. Williams as secre- 
tary was almost equalled by that of Warren 
Upham, who served the society faithtully ir. 
that capacity from 1895 to 1914 and who no. 
holds the position of archeologist. The pre- 
sent secretary. Solon J. Buck, was elected 

1914. , : 

Among the presidents and other ofhcers 
the <;ociety have been many men of promi- 
nence in Minnesota lji>tory. such as Alexander 
Ramsev. Henry H. Sibley. Henry M. Rice 
John B. Sanborn. Cushman K. Davis. Arch- 
bishop Ireland, and James J. Hill. 

ORGANIZATION AND MEMBERSHIP 

The form of organization of the society 
determined by the act of incorporation an'' 
amendments thereto, and by a set of by-law-^ 



S 



v. liich was revised and consolidated in March, 
1915. Its government is vested in an execu- 
tive council composed of the govenor of the 
state and five other state officers, ex officio, 
and thirty life members chosen by ballot every 
three years at an annual meeting of the socie- 
ty. There is an executive committee com^posed 
of the president, the secretary, the treasurer, 
and two other members of the council appoint- 
ed by the president, which transacts the busi- 
ness of the society under the direction and 
subject to the approval of the executive coun- 
cil. The officers of the council, who are also 
the officers of the society, are a president, two 
vice presidents, a secretar\-, and a treasurer. 
They are elected by the council for a term of 
three years. The secretary is, ex officio, the 
superintendent of the society and as such is 
charged, under the direction of the executive 
ex>nin-iittee oi the council, with the admJnistra- 
■ion of all its activities. 

The financial support of the society comes 
•V;ainly from the state, the appropriation for 
'he current biennium, 1921-23. being forty 
'housand dollars a year. There is also an 
"iconic of about six thousand dollars from 
private endowment funds, and membership 
lees bring in a small additioiial amount. The 
society has urgent need of a larger income 
'«nd solicits gifts or bequests. For the latter, 
'he following form is suggested: "I give, devise, 
^■■'i'l bequeath to the Minnesota Historical 







Society, a corporation duly incorporated by thi 
Territor}' of Alinnesota and located in the city j 
of St. Paul in the state of Minnesota, the sum j 

of dollars, the same to be utilized ( 

for the general purposes of the said society.'' ' 
If it is the devisor's intention that the sum be- 
queathcd should be devoted to some specific 
purpose, that purpose should be clearly and 
definitely stated. The officers of the society 
are prepared to make suggestions as to such 
purposes, some of which are especially suit- j 
able for memorial donations or bequests. \ 

Membership in the society is of four class- ! 
es: honorary, corresponding, active, and in- 
stitutional. Honorary members are "person> j 
distinguislied for their literary or scientifn-" , 
attainments, particularly in the field of Ameri- ' 
can history"; corresponding members arc ^ 
"persons residing outside the state, who mani- 
fest an interest in the society and its object?, 
and arc willing to aid it by representing it 
their vicinity, and procuring donations for it^ - 
library and museum.'' Honorary and corre- 
sponding members are admitted through eUn-- 
tion by the executive council, but the onl> 
requisites for admission to active or institu- ' 
tional memberships are application, and the 
payment of dues. 

The active members are grouped in fiv-' 
classes: patrons, who have contributed oih 
thousand dollars or more to the permanent 
fund of the society or are making annua' 



contributions of fifty dollars or more; contrilra- 
ting-life members, who contribute five dollars 
or more a year in addition to the life member- 
ship fee; life members, whose fee is twenty-five 
dollars; sustaining members at five dollars a 
year, who become life members after six pay- 
ments; and annual members at two dollars a 
year, who become life members after tv/enty 
payments. Active membership carries with it 
the privilege of participating in the business 
meetings of the society and of receiving its 
publications Everyone who is interested in 
promoting historical work in Minnesota is 
cordially invited to become an active member. 
Application blanks will be furnished on re- 
M'lest. 

Institutional membership is open to "any 
^~inb, society, or association in Minnesota in- 
terested in any phase of the history of the 
state or any part of the state." Such mem- 
'>ers are grouped in three classes: permanent 
'"stitutional members, who pay one hundred 
'dollars in advance; sustaining institutional 
"lembers, whose annual dues are ten dollars: 
'^nd annual institutional members, whose due^ 
>'re two dollars a year. Sustaining institu- 
•lonal members may be transferred to perma- 
nent membership when they have contributed 
aggregate of one hundred and twenty dol- 
'^'irs. Institutional membership carries with it 
^'le privileges of being represented at all meet- 
'"fris of the society by one delegate with the 



10 



11 



right to vote, of receiving the publications, 
and also of making annual reports to the so- 
ciety on the historical activities of the mem- 
ber. This form of membership, which was" 
established in April. 1921, is designed to coor- 
dinate all historical activities in the state, by 
providing for the affiliation with the state 
historical society of such organizations as 
chapters of hereditary patriotic societies, study 
clubs, and local and special historical societies. 

The annual meetings of the society are held 
on the second Monday in January, except in 
legislative years when they occur on the sec- 
ond Monday after the assembling of the legis- 
lature. Public sessions for the reading of pa- 
per^ and conferences on historical problems 
arc held in connection with these meetings, 
and an annual address is delivered on sonu' 
historical topic of general interest. The 
council hold> two stated meetings each year, 
and these also furnish occasion, as a rule, for 
open sessions for the reading of historica! 
papers. All these meetings are held in the 
Historical Building, but i)lans are being devel- 
oped for annual summer meetings of a socia' 
and educational character to be held cad" 
year at a differenl ])Iace. 



THE HISTORICAL BUILDING 

The present building, which is located on ^ 
commanding emience adjacent to the Capita! 



on the northeast corner of Cedar Street and 
Central Avenue, St. Paul, was authorized by 
an act of the legislature of 1913, five hundred 
thousand dollars being appropriated for the 
purpose. The work of construction was not 
commenced, however, until December, 1915, 
because it was found necessary to have the 
act amended by the legislature of 1915. The 
building was practically completed by Decem- 
ber, 1917, and the work of moving was begun 
nnmediatcly. The reading room was opened 
to the public on January 16, and the formal 
dedication^ of the building took place on May 
H. 1918, in connection with the eleventh an- 
!Mial meeting of the Mississippi Valley His- 
torical Association, which convened in St. Paul. 
-May 9, 10, and 11, at the invitation of the so- 
ciety. 

The building contains five floors. The south 
^•nd of the basement and ground floors are 
occupied by the library division of the state 
department of education. In the basement 
'*>-e located the janitors' and engineer's rooms, 
■i'ld the heating and ventilating machinerv. 
'^n the ground floor are the photostat room. 
^ kitchenette and rest room for the staff, and 
'be shipping and receiving room of the society, 
of which serves temporarily as the office 
the Minnesota War Records Commission. 
P ortions of both lower floors are also occu- 
i^'^d by the main bookstack and the newspaper 
^tack 



1L' 




The accompanying floor plans show the 
location of the various rooms on the first and 
second floors. The department of educatio: 
occupies rooms on the south end as well as a 
few adjacent rooms on the west side of both 
floors (105-112 and 211-217). On the flrst 
floor are the newspaper reading room (102; 
and the main reading room (101), both opening 
off from the central corridor, and connected 
with each other by an interior doorway. The 
librarian's office (E 1) and the lowest floor of 
the bookstack so far completed are reached 
through the east end of the reading room. On 
the second floor are the manuscript room 
(209), the superintendent's office (208). the 
general office (206), the editorial office (205), 
and the catalogue and accessions rooms (201, 
202), all connected with each other by interior 
doorways, and all, except the man.uscript room, 
reached from the main corridor through room 
204. The entire third floor is occupied by the 
museum and galleries. 

The main entrance from the street leads to 
the first floor; the two small entrances on 
'-ithcr side of the steps of the main entrance 
it- ad to the ground floor. A passenger elevator 
.yives service to all floors, and the main book- 
stack is equipped with an automatic service ele- 
vator. There arc also two automatic book 
lifts, one in the main stack room, which serves 
•ilso the shipping and catalogue rooms, and one 
"i the newspaper stack room v.hich extends 



1.". 




lo the newspaper reading room abovr- The 
service driveway in the rear is accessible 
lo the shipping and receiving room of the his- 
torical society at the north end on the ground 
floor, and to the shipping rooms of the depar^- 
n^ent of education at the south end on the base- 
ment floor. 

The exterior walls of the huildine are con- 
structe^ of warm gray granite, quarried at 
^auk Rapids, Minnesota; the marble of rhe 
niani staircase and of the floors of the corri- 
^lors and stackrooms is from quarries at Ka- 
scta, Minnesota; and the stone for the walU of 
vestibule and entrance hall on the fir.t 
floor IS from deposits at Frontenac, Minnesota 
^lie style of architecture is Roman Renais- 
sance reduced to its simplest elements, the cen- 
tral motive being an Ionic colonnade projecter^ 
f'vcr a recessed loggia. 

1 THE MAIN LIBRARY 

The main library contains at present about 
^^•0,000 prmted books and pamphlets, not in- 
^ eluding newspapers, which are administered in 
a separate division, it endeavors, first of n]i 
o mamtain a complete Minnesota collection 
consistmg of all books, pamphlets, and mi.- 
I aneous printed matter relating in anv wav 
^ the state. This includes otl^cial publication; 
«^ state, county, and city departments and in.ti- 
''"'ons; publications of semiofficial or privat- 



17 



societies, organizations, and business estab- 
lishments; periodicals issued in Minnesoia, of 
which over two hundred, exclusive of news- 
papers, are currently received ; works by Minne- 
sota authors ; and publications about the 
state, its subdivisions, physical features, citi 
2ens, institutions, and organizations. Current 
material is acquired as well as that relating to 
the past. This Minnesota collection occupies 
a separate portion of the bookstack, where it 
may be conveniently consulted b}" an}- one de- 
siring to study the state in any of its various 
aspects. 

The field of Americana is so large that the 
library cannot attempt to cover it fully. So 
far as available funds will permit, however, all 
important works in general American history 
and a somewhat more comprehensive selection 
of books relating to the upper Mississippi 
Valley and Great Lakes region arc acquired. 
The "library is an otTicial depository for the 
publications of the United States government, 
and its collection of the documents of other 
states supplements that of the State Library, 
particularly for the period prior to 1881. Spe- 
cial subjects in the field of Americana for 
which the library has well-rounded collection-^ 
are geology, archeology, Indians, biography, 
travel and description, local history, politica' 
science, economics, and education. On two sub- 
jects the library aims to have practically coni- 
plete collections of, available material. The-^^" 



18 



arc American genealogy and the history of the 
Scandinavian element in the Vnhcd' States. 

The collection of genealogical material 
ranks among the best of its kind in the coun- 
try. Besides a large number of family histo- 
ries, it includes files of practically all the gen- 
ealogical magazines, many sets of collected 
genealogies, f^les of the publications of the 
hereditary patriotic societies, and manv vol- 
umes of vital records. The various printed 
indexes which guide the investigator are includ- 
ed, and much supplementary material is avail- 
able in individual biographies, the publications 
of historical Societies, published archives and 
military records, and a notable collection of 
town, county, and state histories. Both ama- 
teur and professional genealogists are constant- 
ly at work in the library, and from it has been 
drawn the evidence to support innumerable 
applications for admission to hereditary pa- 
triotic societies. 

The society has recently begun to devote 
-M>ecial attention to the history of the Scandi- 
navian element in the United States. In order 
to avoid duplication, an agreement was made 
>vith the board of regents of the Universitv of 
-Mninesota by which the university library will 
•■cquire material relating to the Scandinavian 
''^n.^uages and literatures and to the history 
^'^ the Scandinavian countries themselves, and 
tlic historical society will collecf material rela- 
ting to these nationalities in the United States. 



10 



In accord with this agreement the univer- 
sity library in 1916 transferred to the society 
its extensive and valuable O. X. Nelson col- 
lection; in 1918 the society acquired another 
large collection from Professor Gisle Bothnc 
of the University of Minnesota; and in March, 
1921, it was made the permanent depository 
for the" library of the Swedish Historical Socie- 
ty of America, a collection of about six thousand 
items relating to Swedish men and institu- 
tions in America or written by Swedish- 
Americans. About fifty Scandinavian-American 
newspapers and periodicals from all parts 
of the United States are being received cur- 
rently, and many back volumes have been 
acquired from various sources. The society 
has had the aid of Scandinavian experts iii 
the bibliographical work of building up this 
Collection, and there are usually on the start' 
one or two assistants with a knowledge of the 
languages to help in caring for it. With the 
acquisition of the library of the Swedish His- 
torical Society of America, the collection ha> 
become, it is belic\ed, the mo.>t complete of it- 
kind in the country. 

Outside the field of Americana the present 
policy of the library is to maintain select ref- 
erence collections rather than to build up com 
prelicnsive collections fr)r research puri)Oscs. 
The various cnc\'clopedias, indexes, and otluT 
standard reference works will be found on tlu" 
shelves, and the most, important books relating 



to foreign countries are acquired as far as 
l>0isible. AVorks in the scientific field are not 
collected except on subjects closely related to 
history, siich as geology and anthropology. 
Books of fiction are also excluded \mless they 

* have historical value or are the products of 
Afinnesola authors. But since the limits of 
collection were less restricted in the past, 
v.hcn the output of books was smaller, and 

♦ since all sorts of works have been received as 
yifts, rare and curious items on almost every 

; conceivable subject may be found in the li- 
' l)rary. 

Fully two-thirds of the current acquisitions 
j tome in as exchanges or gifts. Nearly all the 
i historical societies, the principal universities, 
i ^'nd many other institutions of the United State> 
^ 'iiul Canada, and a few in other countries send 
|heii- publications to' the society in exchange 
for its publications; and much valuable mater- 
•■'I is acquired by the exchange of duplicates 
' -ith other large libraries. Countless individ- 
"■ds and organizations all over the country 
Piesent copies of their publications in order 
^hat they may be preserved in the library and 
niade accessible to the public. Member's and 
^nends of the society frequently turn over to 
accumulations of books, pamphlets, and peri- 
'^^licals which they do not care to retain, and 
^iich contributions are earnestly solicited. Xo 
^ one need hesitate to present material for fear 
'hat it will not be wanted, because such of it 



as proves to be duplicated in the library or out- 
side of its field can nearly always be disposed 
of to advantage by exchange with other insti- 
tutions. - 

THE REFERENCE DEPARTMENT 

The resources of the library are free to the 
public and are available through the reading 
room sen/ice. Application for all books 
pamphlets, periodicals, and maps should be 
made at the desk in the main reading rooir. 
(101), which is open from 8:30 .\. m. to 5 :0<J 
p. M. every day except Sundays and holidays. It 
is hoped that it will be possible to keep the room 
open evenings in the near future. Many of the 
more important reference works, such as 
genealogical sets, dictionaries, encyclopedias- 
atlases, and periodical indexes, are placed m 
open shelves around the room. One section ot 
shelves, is filled with a collection of recent 
books of general interest, which is constantly 
being renewed. Beside it is a section used fo" 
exhibitions of books on special subjects of cur- 
rent interest. 

A list of the books in the library will in- 
found in the card catalogue, which is in cast- 
at the east end of the room. By means oi 
this catalogue the !)Ooks in the library may 
located. In each drawer of the case will be 
found a card of instructions with "How to u^t-' 
this catalogue" printed in red on the projecting 



22 



tab. By follovv'ing the directions on this card 
it is a simple matter to ascertain whether or 
not the library has a specific book or what 
books it has on a given subject and to secure 
the desired material. The attendants at the 
desk will gladly give advice and suggestions 
about the use of the catalogue and of reference- 
books, but patrons are expected to make out 
their own call slips for books and to do the 
actual work of investigation themselves. The 
librarian will be glad to assist, as far as possi- 
ble, in the solution of problems involving 
especial difficulties, and she will be summoned 
by the attendant when necessar}-. 

The collections of the library are primarily 
for use in the building, but books not fre- 
quently used in reference work and not diffi- 
cult to replace if lost ma}- be borrowed by re- 
sponsible persons for home or office use. An 
extension of the service of the library is made 
possible through the system of interlibrary 
loans. The librarian will, when requested, en- 
deavor to borrow from some outside library 
books needed for research purposes which are 
not available in any of the libraries of the Twin 
Cities. In such cases the user must pay trans- 
portation charges and the books may not be 
taken from the building. Inquiries by mail or 
telephone for information that can readily be 
found in the reference books of the librar}- are 
•tnswercd by the librarian with as much dis- 
I'atch as circumstances will permit. 



23 



The privilege of consulting books in the 
stack is extended, on application at the desk, 
to competent persons who can furnish satis- 
factory references. The stack room occupies 
four full stories on the cast side of the build- 
ing from the basement to the second-floor ceil- 
ing and enclose^^ an eight-tier, enameled-steel. 
self-supporting bookstack with a capacity of 
384.000 volumes. The shelving and floors for 
the four lower tiers have not been installed 
as yet. At the entrance to each floor is a 
schedule giving the locations of books on all 
the floors. The individual sections of the 
stack are also labeled on the ends with the 
classificat-on numbers. Black type on these 
labels ind'cates the Cutter classification, and 
red. that of the Library of Congress. A dis- 
tinction is also made in the labels on the backs 
of the books; round labels are used tor the 
Cutter and rectangular ones for the Library ot 
Congress classification. (See page 2S.) A few 
private studies on the floors of the bookstack 
are available for person., engaged in extensive 
research. 

THE ACCESSIONS AND CATALOGUE 
DEPARTMENTS 

To the accessions department belongs the 
work of accpiiring add'tion^ to the library, 
cither by purchase, e.vchange. or gift. Book:- 
to be purchased are selected mainly froin 



catalogues issued by publishers and by dealer- 
in remainders and second-hand Ixjoks and fro:.: 
reviews in historical periodicals. Before order- 
ing an item it is usually necessary to con.-uh 
the catalogue, a current-receipts flle, and the 
outstanding orders in order to prevent du- 
plication. Extensive correspondence is con- 
ducted to secure the exchange material to 
which the society is entitled and to establish 
new exchange relations, ^fany letters are writ- 
ten to the authors of privately printed books 
asking for presentation copies and to publish- 
ers of magazines and reports asking that the 
society's name be placed on the complimentary 
mailing list. 

All books and pamphlets arriving at the 
library go first to the accessions department 
where the^' are checked on the bills and rec- 
ords, or acknowledged if they are gifts, and 
entered in the current-receipts file. Licoming 
periodicals and serial publications, of which the 
society receives over two thousand, exclusive of 
newspapers, are checked in a card record, and 
constant vigilance is necessary to prevent gaps 
in the flies of this material. The accessions 
dei)art)uent also prepares books and periodi- 
cals for binding. This involves the preparation 
of instructions for the ])inder. collation to in- 
sure perfect copies, and. frequently, corre- 
spondence to obtain title-images and indexes. 
A\'hcn the volumes return from the bindery 
they are checked on the binder's bill and 



examined to sue that the instructions have been 
followed. 

After leaving the accessions department, 
books go to the catalogue department for 
classifying, cataloguing, and shelving. The ' 
progress of a book through this department ^ 
is frequentl}' a long and complicated process. 
Author, title, and subject cards are prepared 
for. the public catalogue in the reading room, 
and author cards for the official catalogue. « 
One card is also made for the shelf list, which ; 
is a flic of cards arranged in the order in which 
the books stand on the shelves; and special 
catalogues are maintained of serials, of items ^ 
printed in Minnesota before 1880, arranged by 
place and date of printing, and of the library 
of the Swedish Historical Society of America. 
If a book covers several different, subjects or ^ 
is written by several authors, a larger number 
of cards are necessary. Many problems as to 
names,- dates, editions, and series numbers have 
to be solved by the cataloguers. Printed cata- ^ 
logue cards for many of the books are pur- 
cha.sed from the Lil)rary of Congress. An alpha- 
betical file of cards printed by the IJbrary of 
Congress sinc^ July, 1915. is maintained in the *' 
catalogue room, and this valuable bibliograph- 
ical aid may be consulted by any one interest- 
ed. The system of classification now used i^ 
that of the Library of Congress, which is es- 
pecially suited to a library composed largely 
of Americana. An excejuion is made, however, f 



in the case of United States documents, 
most of which are arranged according to a 
scheirie devised by the superintendent of docu- 
ments in Washington. Books received before 
1915 were classified according to the Cutter 
system, but these are gradually being reclas- 
sified. 

THE NEWSPAPER DIVISION 

One of the most valuable parts of the so- 
ciety's library is the collection of Minnesota 
newspapers numbering about twelve thousand 
bound volumes and ranking among the half 
dozen largest and best-cared-fbr newspaper 
collections in the country-. }^Iost of the files are 
complete from the beginning of the paper, and 
organs presenting various points of viev/ can be 
found for every period from the first appear- 
ance of the press in the state in 1849 to the 
present. This collection is an invaluable source 
of information for state and local history and 
is much used by research workers. It is also 
consulted frequently by attorneys for legal evi- 
flence, especially with reference to the publica- 
tion of notices. At present about four hundred 
papers, including at least one from every 
county in the state, are received regularly as 
contributions from the publishers, and back 
files of papers not received as issued are occa- 
sionally acquired. With reference to papers 
published outside the slate, no attempt is made 



2fl 



27 



.1.-' 



! 

-I - ) 



to rival the great collection of the Wisconsin 
Historical Society, but the library possesses 
long files of a number of important papers, and 
the current issues of about a dozen of the prin- 
cipal dailies representative of different sections 
of the country are turned over to the division 
for preservation by the Minneapolis public 
and university libraries. 

The newspaper reading room (102) is 
equipped with special racks for holding the vol- 
umes while they are being consulted and con- 
tains a cabinet for the current files of the daily 
papers most frequently consulted. All other 
current files and the bound volumes are kept 
in the newspaper stack room, which is directly 
below the reading room and extends for some 
distance along the front of the building. This 
contains a four-floor, fireproof stack carr.l)le ot 
housing about twenty thousand newspaper vol- 
vmes. 

THE MANUSCRIPT DIVISION 

From the very beginning of the society's 
activities the importance of collecting and pre- 
serving the unprinted sources of history, and 
especially of the history of Minnesota has been 
recognized, with the result that the society 
now possesses a large and invaluable manu- 
script collection. When the transfer to the 
new building took place, a separate division 
was created to lake Cdvv of this material atul 



a room on the second floor (209) was set aside 
for its use. Since then the vrork of cleaning, 
pressing, arranging, filing, and cataloguing 
the material has l)ecn pushed forward rapidly, 
so that, in spite of large accessions during this 
l)criod, most of the collection is now available 
for consultation by students. 

A considerable portion of the manuscript 
collections consists of correspondence and other 
personal papers of men who have played a 
prominent part in the history of Minnesota — 
.such men, for example, as Henr}- H. Siblev', 
Alexander Ramsey, Franklin Steele, and Igna- 
tius Donnelly. The papers of a large. number 
of men of less prominence are included, how- 
ever, and these are often fully as valuable as 
the others, particularly to the student of social 
and economic conditions. Besides the personal 
papers, which are usually kept together in a 
chronological arrangement, there is a large 
mass of material which is classified by sub- 
jects. This includes individual manuscripts 
such as letters, journals, reminiscences, genea- 
■ogies, and monographs; and collections. large 
^uid small, of the papers and records of organ- 
i'-ations of all sorts, such as military compan- 
ies, commercial firms, churches, clubs, and 
>-ocietics. 

The unbound material in the manuscript 
''Ollection is filed flat in manila folders placed 
Vertically in specially constructed dust-proof 
^>iKi light-proof filing boxes. These boxes are 



20 



arranged on the slielves in the order of the 
classification, together with the bound vol- < 
umes, such as letter-books, account-books, and ■ 
diaries. Because of insufficient space in the j 
manuscript room some of the less-used groups ■ 
are kept in the bookstack. It is expected that ^ 
ultimately the more valuable groups of papers 
will be mounted and bound into volumes, and 
many of the older documents will have to be [ 
repaired and reenforced with mousseline. , 
The catalogue of the manuscripts contains \ 
donor, author, title, and subject cards, and a | 
few of the collections have been calendared; i 
that is, cards have been made for individual 
letters or documents with brief statements 
upon them of the contents of the items. These 
cards are filed in chronological order and sup- 
ply a sort of table of contents to the collec- ^ 
tions. Such calendars, when completed and 
indexed, will greatly facilitate the work of the : 
investigator. The manuscript room is open to , 
the public and contains tables for the use of *• 
students and workers. Some of these tables, 
which arc covered with plate glass, are used 
also for frequently changed exhibits of inter- 
esting groups of manuscripts. T 

The collections of the division are supple- 
mented by a calendar, containing at present 
about thirty thousand cards, of manuscript 
materials relating to the upper Mississippi 
region in the archives of the state, interior, and \ 



post-office departments of the federal govern- 
ment. The compilation of thi.^ calendar has 
been made possible by the cooperatioii of the 
historical agencies of six northwestern states, 
and the work is being continued in other sec- 
lions of the national archives. It is expected 
that ultimately transcripts or photostat copies 
will be obtained of the more important docu- 
ments here listed which relate to Minnesota. 

The manuscript collection has been built up 
almost entirely by contributions from public- 
spirited citizens who have recognized the socie- 
ty as the proper custodian of such material and 
have welcomed the opportunity it offers fur the 
permanent preservation of papers relating to 
themselves, their relatives, and the organiza- 
tion^ with which they have been connected. 
Many important collections of manuscripts of 
value for the history of the state are still in 
private hands, however, and others are con- 
stantly accumulating. The owners and cus- 
todians of such collections are urged to de- 
posit -them with the society, which is in a posi- 
tion to preserve them for posterity and to 
make them accessible to students. When ncces- 
sar\^ material is accepted with reasonable re- 
strictions as to the use to be made of it. The 
possession of a photostat enables the society 
to make for its files reproductions of valuable 
documents with which the owners are unv/i:!- 
ing to part. 



30 



31 



THE PUBLIC ARCHIVES 



The most obvious source for the history gf 
any organization is its official archives— the 
records and papers which are compiled or ac- 
cumulate in the course of its activities— and 
this is true no less of the state and its subdivi- 
sions, the counties, towns, and cities, than of 
organizations of a private character. It is 
quite in accord with the objects of the society, 
as specified in its charter, therefore, that it has 
devoted considerable attention of late to the 
problems involved in caring for noncurrent 
state and local archives and making them ac- 
cessible to students of history. All the Euro- 
pean countries and some of the American 
states make provision for the assembling ot 
noncurrent records from the various depart- 
ments and local jurisdictions in some place 
where they may be classified and cared for by 
experts. 

In Minnesota the most satisfactory solu- 
tion appeared to be the designation of the his- 
torical society as the ofhcial custodian of such 
material and the first step in that direction 
v.-as taken when the legislature of 1915 pro- 
vided that the Historical Building should be 
erected "for and adapted to the use of the Min- 
nesota historical society and for the care, pre- 
servation and protection of the state archives' 
During 1915 the society cooperated with the 
public archives commission of the American 



Historical Association in securing the compila- 
tion of an inventory of the Minnesota archive.-, 
which w^s published in the Annual Report of 
the association for 1914 (Washington, 1916;, 
and which made clear the need for more ade- 
quate provision for the care of archival mate- 
rial. The legislature of 1919 enacted a lav. 
empowering the society to act as custodian o; 
state and local archives, and authorizing th-. 
transfer to it of noncurrent public record- 
whenever it is prepared to receive them. 

In accordance with this act most of the older 
and historically important archives of the 
offices of the governor and the secretary of 
state, some files from the offices of the adjutant 
general and the department of education, and 
all the records of a num1>er of offices and com- 
missions no longer in existence are now in the 
custody of the society. The proper cleaning, 
pressing, sorting, filing, and listing of this ma- 
terial cannot be accomplished until more 
space is available in the building for work- 
rooms and for shelving, and until funds arc 
available to pay for the services of an archivist 
and assistants. When that time comes it is ex- 
pected that a separate archives division will be 
established. In the meantime, however, the 
tnaterial is being cared for by the manuscript 
division; and two groups which are invaluable 
for historical purposes — the legislative papers 
for the territorial period. 1S49 to 1S57, from 
the office of the secretary of state, and the 



3'^ 



governor's archives dating from 1849 to 1869— = 

are now in shape for convenient consultation j 

by students. The society is prepared to re- | 
ceive and care for comparatively small lots of 

public records, state or local, preference being ( 

given to material which is of special historical i_ 
value or which cannot be adequately cared for 

in present depositories. • > . | 

■ ■ ! 

THE MUSEUM 1 

I 

The sources of history consist not merely \ 
of printed and written material but also of ; 
physical objects and pictures which help to rc- ■ 
produce the life and conditions of the past. The • 
collection, preservation, and display of this 
class of material is the function of the society's 
museum. The whole of the third or top floor 
of the new building, consisting of four large I*' 
exhibition halls, several storage closets, and an 
office, was designed for the use of the museum. \ 
The rooms are lighted from above, with all I 
glare and shadow eliminated by the use of 
syenite glass, which diffuses the light. The 
south hall is used at present as an auditorium, 
in which are held the meetings of the society ^ 
and of other societies and clubs, but the walls ' 
of the room are available for the display oi 
portraits. Organizations are welcome to the 
use of this room without charge, but arrange- 
ments must be made in advance. The north 
hall is devoted to Indian and archeoIogicrJ ♦ 



material, and the east and west halls contain 
the general historical exhibits. A part of the 
east hall is used at present as a v/orkroom. 
Framed pictures are hung on the walls in all 
the rooms and also in the corridors. 

The collections of the museum relate pri- 
marily to Minnesota but include also consider- 
able material pertaining to other parts of the 
United States and to foreign countries. Par- 
ticularly notable are the extensive collections 
in the field of American archeology assembled 
by Alfred J. Hill, Theodore H. Lewis, Jacob 
V. B rower, the Reverend Edward C. Mitchell, 
and Newton H. \\'inchell. The general his- 
torical collection, although large and valuable, 
is somewhat haphazard in character, having 
ijcen built up by gradual accumulation during 
the seventy years of the society's existence, but 
an attempt is now being made to round it out 
by systematic campaigns for material. Am^ong 
the large objects of special interest are the first 
printing press used in Minnesota, a hand loom, 
a Red River cart, and one of the first automo- 
I)iles brought to the state. Classes of material 
which are fairly well represented include old- 
iashioned clothing, objects illustrative of domes- 
tic life, and World War specimens. The picture 
collection contains thousands of photographs, 
cuts, and prints, and about five hundre '. 
Iramed pictures, mostly portraits of m.e: 
and women who have played a part in the his- 
tory of the state. There is also an extensiv^: 



34 



35 



collection of posters gathered mainly during 
the World War. 

Most of the material in the museum has 
been contributed by members and friends of 
the society, for the available funds have been 
too limited to permit of purchases. Objects 
and pictures which illustrate methods and con- 
ditions now obsolete and which would there- 
fore be valuable additions to the collections are 
to be found in almost every household, and the 
owners are invited to present them to the 
museum where their preservation will be as- 
sured and they will help the people of the pres- 
ent and the future to visualize the life of the 
past. A special effort is being made to collect 
cooking utensils, household furniture, tools, and 
other articles characteristic of pioneer days, in 
order that they may be available for the furnish- 
ing of a replica of a pioneer log cabin to be 
erected in the museum. Material of special 
value is sometimes accepted on deposit when 
the owner is unwilling to surrender title to it. 
particularly when there is a probability that it 
will ultimately become the property of tlu^ 
society. 

Since the transfer of the museum to tiu' 
new building and the appointment of a curator, 
rapid progress has been mad-? in the classifica- 
tion and catalogu'ng of the collections. Th^' 
unframed pictures arc divided into groups h> 
size, arranged by subject within each group, an<l 
placed in vertical fiU ; and a card catalogue 



of the entire picture collection enables one 
quickly to ascertain its resources on any 
given subject or to locate a desired picture. 
The historical and archeoiogical objects are 
recorded in an accession book, numbered, and 
provided with explanatory labels. Xo cata- 
logue of this material is available as yet, but 
it is expected that one will be begun in the near 
future. 

In the arrangement of exhibits the primary 
purpose is to interest and instruct the hun- 
dreds of people who visit the museum every 
week. The specimens are grouped in some 
logical or chronological manner and much his- 
torical information is conveyed by means of 
carefully written labels. Most of the large ob- 
jects and some of the more significant of the 
smaller ones are kept on display permanently, 
hut it is neither possible nor desirable to ex- 
hibit all the possessions of the museum at any 
one time. By occasional changes in the main 
groups and by the frequent display of special 
exhibits,' often related to some current event 
or anniversary, the interest of the public is 
sustained and the educational possibilities arc 
increased. Material not on exhibition is kept 
in the large storage closets so arranged that 
it is readily available when wanted by investi- 
Kators. Of the extensive archeoiogical collec- 
linn, much of which is of interest mainly to 
'■!>ecialists, the greater part is kept in storage 
■ttul onl>- selections of typical or unusually in- 



37 



tcrcsting articles are exhibited. Only a part of j 
the framed pictures, also, can be hung, at any | 
one 'time, and the unframed pictures are dis- 
played as a rule only in special exhibits. For ^ 
these the resources of the society's book and | 
manuscript collections are freciuently "drawn J 
upon also. ; 

The work of the museum with school chil- 
dren is particularly promising. Teachers of j 
courses in history, government, geography, ^ 
domestic science, and other subjects are rap- 
idly discovering the facilities which it offers for 
visual instruction, with the result that some 
six or seven thousand pupils in college, high ' 
school, and grade classes, not only from the > 
Twin Cities but also from other parts of the ; 
state, are brought to the museum annually ; 
to examine and study the collections. Twice \^ 
a month during the school year, on the second ; 
and fourth Saturday afternoons at three o'clock. \ 
special museum talks for children in the grades j 
from the fourth to the eighth inclusive «. 
are given by the curator or other member^ 
of the society's staff. These talks, which are 
very popular with the children, serve to arouse 
an interest in and an appreciation of the thing-^ T 
of the past. j 

The museum is open to the public daily ex- 
cept Sundays and holidays, and occasional!}' 
provision is made for a holiday opening. It 
is hoped that provision for opening on Sunday 
afternoons may be made in the near future. * 



3S 



THE RESEARCH AND EDITORIAL 
DIVISION 



Not content with the mere collection and 
preservation of the materials for history-, the 
society has from the beginning promoted re- 
search to extend the boundaries of historical 
knowledge and disseminated historical infor- 
mation by the publication of original docu- 
ments and narratives, monographs, papers, and 
compilations of data. The first publication, is- 
sued in 1850 with the title Annals of the Min- 
nesota Historical Society, consisted of an ad- 
dress by the Reverend E. D. Xeill on "The 
French Voyageurs to Minnesota in the Sev 
enteenth Century" (28 p.). Similar Annals 
were published in each of the three succeeding 
years, and in 1856 a report submitted by the 
society to the legislature was issued as a terri- 
torial document with the title Materials for th: 
future History of Minnesota (141 p.). These 
publications were reprinted in 1872 as volume 1 
of the Collections of the Minnesota Historicu 
Society, and this series has been continued t: 
the present day. 

The Minnesota Historical Collections, as thi^ 
■series is commonly called, consist at present 
of seventeen volumes, of which one, volume 
10, is bound in two parts, and one, volume 16, 
is still incomplete. Nine of these volumes arc 
made up of miscellaneous documents, papers, 
■-'ketches, and memoirs, and the remainder 



39 



consist of monographs or special compilations a< 
follows: 4, History of the City of St. Paul ami 
the County of Ramsey, Minnesota, by J. Fletcher 
Williams (1876. 475 p.) ; 5, Histories of the 
Ojibwa}- Indians, by William W. W'arren and 
Edward D. Neill (1885. 535 p.) ; 7, The Missis- 
sippi River and Its Source, by Jacob V. Browcr 
(1893. 360 p.) ; 11, Itasca State Park, An Illus- 
trated History, by the same author (190-1. 285 
p.) ; 13, Lives of the Governors of Minnesota. 
by James H. Baker (1908. 480 p.); 14, Minne- 
sota Biographies, i655-iQi2, by Warren Uphani 
and Mrs. Rose B. Dunlap (1912. 892 p.); 16, 
part 1, The Weathering of Aboriginal Stone Arti- 
facts, No. 1, by Newton H. Winchell (1913. 18'^ 
p.) ; and 17, Minnesota Geographic Na}nes, Thcl- 
Origin and Historic Significance, by Warren Up 
ham (1920. 735 p.). In the future the Collecliov.s 
will be reserved mainly for original material ; and 
a number of series of volumes have been planned, 
to include all the important sources not else- 
where readily available in print, for the variou- 
periods and phases of Minnesota's history. 

A monograph on the .Ihorigines of Minne- 
sota, by Newton 11. Winchell (761 p.), not in- 
cluded in the CoUectioiis series, was published 
in 1911; and the society has in i)ress at the pres- 
ent time the first vohutie of a four-volume 
tory of Minnesota, by William W. Folwell. 1: 
is cx[)ectefl that the other volumes of this wt)!''-- 
will appear at intervals of aliout a year. A quar- 
terly magazine, the Minnesnta History Bulletin. 

iO 



has been published since 1915. Each issue con- 
tains one or more papers or addresses and also 
reviews of books touching on Minnesota historv. 
information about the activities of the societv, 
and historical news and comment. Occasionall'y 
a section devoted to notes and documents is in- 
cluded. Annual reports to the legislature were 
published for the years from 1867 to 1878 inclu- 
sive, and these are followed by a series of twentv- 
one biennial reports. 

The publications are sent regularly to all mem- 
I^ers and to libraries with which exchange rela- 
tions have been established. The reports are 
distributed freely as long as the supplv lasts, and 
copies of the other publications are available for 
purchase. Price lists will be supplied on applica- 
tion. Public and school libraries in Minnesota 
can secure the current publications on a sub- 
^crlption basis by payments equal to the due^ 
^•f^ annual members— two dollars a year. 

The preparation or revision of copv and the 
•eading of proof for the various publications 
^'•re the principal functions of the research and 
editorial division of the society. This division 
:»lso undertakes, however, to compile inform? - 
^>on on all sorts of historical problems in re- 
^I'onse to inquiries received by mail. Desiri^:- 
to extend its service as widely as possible, the 
society welcomes such inquiries, especiallv 
\\hcn they involve the use of material not o-en- 
erally available and come from people unable 
'f^ use the resources of the society in person. 



41 



/ I 

FIELD WORK 

This society was among the first to under- 
take a systematic survey of its field for' thi ' 
purpose of bringing to light scattered and j 
hitherto undiscovered, little-known, or neglect- J 
ed sources of historical information, and ot 
arousing a more general and active interest in ; 
state and local history. A field agent was em- i 
ployed in this work from September, 1916, to j 
the end of 1917, and during this period about j 
thirty-five communities in twenty-four counties | 
were visited. The pressure of other more ini- i 
mediateh' essential tasks and the lack of fund- 
necessitated the suspension of this work in 1918, f 
but it will be resumed at the first opportunity. 

The work of the field agent centered about ' 

the task of making comprehensive inventories \ 

of the archives of the counties of the state, as ? 

found in their courthouses, with notes on the ; 
condition of the records and the methods o! 

making and preserving them. These inven- i 

lories were completed for sixteen of the eighty- ', 

six counties of Minnesota. When the remain- ; 

der of the counties have been covered the in- ! 

ventorics will be published, and it is hope*' *■ 

that tlie resulting volume will serve, not only ? 

as a useful guide book for those who have oc- ; 
casion to consult the records, whether f"' 

historical or ollu-r purposes, but also as a startin;-' ■ 
point for a movement to improve the admini;'- 

Iration of countv archives. | 

I 



The field agent endeavored also to discover 
and list extant files of local newspapers in the 
places visited, in order that the newspaper 
material available to workers in ^ilinnesota 
history might be supplemented either through 
accessions to the society's collection or through 
centralized information about files to be found 
in the localities. Search was also made for 
manuscripts and museum objects of historical 
value in private hands, with a view to acquiring 
or at least locating and listing them. In each 
community an endeavor was made to arouse 
m as many people as possible an appreciation 
of the value and possibilities of local historical 
work, with the object of securing their interest 
and cooperation and of paving the way for the 
cstablisliment of county historical societies. 

Vv^AR HISTORY ACTIVITIES 

During the late war the various departments 
of the society made special efiforts to acquire 
records relating to the state's war contribu- 
tions and to events and conditions within the 
state peculiar to the times. In this way, and 
through normal receipts of newspapers and 
other current material, a considerable begin- 
ning was made in the assembling of state war 
history material. The burden of the vrork in 
this special field is now carried, however, by 
the Minnesota War Records Commission, a 
•jody closely affiliated with the society through 

43 



I. (I -ill 



its origin and personnel and through the loca- 
tion of its office in the same building. 

This commission, originally organized and 
supported by the Minnesota Commission " ot 
Public Safety and the Minnesota Historical 
Society, was established by law in April, 1919, 
and was directed to collect material and to pre- 
pare and publish a comprehensive documen- 
tary and narrative history of Minnesota in the 
"World War. With the state funds appropria- 
ted for the biennium 1919-21, and with the co- 
operation of the historical society and other 
agencies, the commission has been able to as- 
semble a mass of important material; but it 
has been unable as yet, for lack of funds, to 
commence publication. 

Records of individuals now in the posses- 
sion of the commission include statements of 
the services of nearly all soldiers, sailors, and 
marines from the state; brief biographies of 
large, proportion of those who lost their live.^ 
in the service ; and accounts of the service^ 
of many of the civilians who did special work 
in association with the armed forces. Special 
efforts arc being made to complete these fik"- 
and the attention of the con:miission shoul'i 
be called to any members of the groups men- 
tioned whose war records are not yet on fiif 
in its office. Thv commission has also acquired 
extensive files of oftRial correspondence, re- 
ports, and printed miscellany from such wn' 
agencies as th.c United States Employment 

44 



Service, the Food and Fuel Administrations, 
the Jewish Welfare Board, the Military Train- 
ing Camps Association, the Public Safety 
Commission, the Red Cross, the War Camp 
Community Service, and the Young Men's 
Christian Association. Organizations which 
still retain their war-time fdes are invit- 
ed to deposit them with the commission 
for permanent safe keeping and for use in the 
preparation of the state war history, v/hich 
will sooner or later be written. Extensive 
collections 'of war pictures, posters, m^useum 
objects, and private Idtte.rs and diaries have 
also been built up in cooperation with the muse- 
imi and the manuscript division of the histori- 
cal society. In this connection it should be 
noted that everything turned over to the com- 
niission will ultimately be transferred to the 
society, which, being the more permanent in- 
stitution, is designated by law as the official 
custodian of the state war records collection. 

Auxiliary committees organized by the com- 
'nission in counties throughout the state have 
done a useful work in building up local v,-ar 
records collections and in contributin.g mater- 
ial to the state collection. Especially note- 
'•'■orthy at the present time is the work being 
done in the more populous counties of Henne- 
pin, Ramsey, and St. Louis, with headquarters. 
I'espectively, in Room 318. Coui't H-ouse. Minne- 
apolis; Room 1. Historical Building. St. Paul: 
^iiid Room 2, Court House, Duluth. 



45 



r 



'The legislature of 1921 increased the com- 
mission's appropriation and also assigned t^^ 
it the additional task of preparing and publish 
ing a volume on Minnesota in the Spanish- 
American War and the Philippine Insurrection. 
Since this volume, under the law, must be is- 
sued before any other, commencement of pul^Ii- 
cation of the state World War history original- 
ly projected will have to be postponed for a 
time. ;Nf canv.'hile the commission will be glad 
to receive or obtain the use of any letter-, 
diaries, or other material of the Spanish \\'d\ 
period which may now be available. 

For the guidance of its county committee- 
in the collection of \\'orld War record- 
and for the information of the publi'-" 
the commission has issued a series of bul- 
letins entitled, (1) A Statc-zvide Movemcv- 
for the Collection and Preservation of 3/;'' 
vesota's War Records; (2) Mi)incsota's Pdi 
in -the War, Shall it he Adequately Recorded.' 
and (3) County War History Prospectus on^ 
Guide to the Collection of Material (mime" 
graphed). Further information may be oh 
tained from tlie Report of the commission t- 
the governor, January, 1921 (mimeographed' 
or by addressing the secretary, Franklin 1' 
Holbrook, at the Historical Building, St. Pan' 



40 



[PIakdeook Series No. 3] 

MINNESOTA 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

ROLL OF MEMBER: 

AND OP 

SUBSCRIBING SCHOOLS AND LI3RARIE 




Saint Paul 
Published by the Society 
November^ 1927 



OFFICERS 



Frederick G. Ingersoll, President 

Mrs. Charles E. Furness, First Vice President 

Guy Stanto.v Ford, Second Vice President 

Solon J. Buck, Secretary 

Everett H. Bailey, Treasurer 



EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 

Ex Officio 



Theodore Christianson', 

Governor 
William I. Nolan, 

Lieutenant Governor 
Mike Holm, 

Secretary of State 



Ray p. Chase, 

State Auditor 

Julius A. Schmahl, 
State Treasurer 

Clifford L. Hiltok, 
Attorney-general 



Elected 



Everett H. Bailey 
Solon J. Buck 
Ralph Budd 
Rev. William Busch 
Homer P. Clark 
William W. Cutler 
Harry T. Drake 
Burt W. Eaton 
William W. Folv.ell 
Guy Stanton Ford 
Mrs. Charles E. Furness 
Edward C. Gale 
Harold Harris 
Thomas Hughes 
Frederick G. Ingersoll 



Gideon: S. Ives 
Herschel v. Jones 
Victor E. Lawson 
Olai a. Lende 
William H. Ligktner 
James M. McCoxnell 
William A. McGonagle 
Mrs. James T. Morris 
Victor Robertson 
Edward P. Sanborn 
Lester B. Shippee 
Charles Stees 
John R. Swann 
Warren Upham 
Je3 L. \\'ashbvrn 



The executive committee consists of the president, the 
Secretary, the treasurer, and two appointed members, 
William W. Cutler and Harcld Harris. 



or more but less than fifty dollars are desig- 
nated as contributing-life members. 

Institutional membership is open to any 
club, society, or institution in the state in- 
terested in any phase of its history, Anntial 
institutional members pay dues of two dol- 
lars a year, sustaining institutional, of ten 
dollars a year, and the fee for permanent in- 
stitutional membership is one hundred dol- 
lars. Honorary and corresponding mem- 
bers are elected by the executive council of 
the society. 

All members of the society receive its cur- 
rent publications, and any school or library 
in the state is entitled to subscribe for them 
at the rate of two dollars a year. The right 
to vote at meetings of the society is restrict- 
ed to active members and delegates repre- 
senting institutional members. 

It is interesting to observe that the active 
members here listed reside in 75 of the 87 
counties of Minnesota, in 32 other states and 
territories, and in 4 foreign countries. Of 
the 9 institutional mcmljers, 2 are state or- 
ganizations and the others are located in 
Brown, Goodhue, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Rice, 
St. Louis, and Winona counties. In only 6 
counties of Minr^esota — l>cnton, Cook, Grant, 
Le Sueur, Mahnrnncn, and Sherburne — has the 
society neither members nor subscribers ; in 
6 others — Cass, Koochiching, Lake of the 



2 



Korman, Sibley, and Wabasha- 
there are no members; and in 18 o h"L 
Carver. Chippewa, Chisago, Cle^r 
Far.bault,_ Hubbard, Kanabec. Lake.'" X ]- 

u, naseca, Watonwan, and WiKn— 
there are no subscribers 

The members resident in Mirn-so.a 
amount to 5.6 for each ten thousand of popu! 
lat.on. Ramsey County has the hCbU 
roportton of members to popniation ' ^3 
for each ten thousand. Cottonwood ;o-,,e = 
next w,th ,3.0. followed by Olmsted, 

R ce'g ""'""T- 8.8.' 

6.7, Wmona, 5.9; and Anoka, 5.8. 



3 



■sjn 



Explanation 

In the lists that follow the names of 
patrons and contributing-llfe members are 
given first in alphabetical arrangements. 
These names are repeated, however, in the 
list of all active and institutional members 
and of subscribers arranged by counties. In 
this list institutional members are distin- 
guished by the use of small capitals and 
the subscribers are listed separately at the 
end of each group. Life and permanent in- 
stitutional members are designated by a star 
and sustaining members by a dagger. The 
names of the honorary and corresponding 
members will be found at the end of the lists. 



ROLL OF MEMBERS \\D O 
SUBSCRIBLXG SCHOOLS 
AND LIBRARIES 



Revised to November i, 1927 

Patrons 
Bell, Fred S., IVino^tn 
Cutler, Edward H., St. Paul 
Noyes, Mrs. Charles P., St. Paul 
Tighe, Ambrose, St. Paul 

CONTRIBUTING-LIFE xMeMBERS 
Bernier, Henri ]., Oakland, Cal 
Blakeley, Henry. Chicago 
Child, Mrs. Sampson R., Minneapolis 
Cutler, William W., St Paul 
Farrington, Robert I., Needham, Mass 
i^urness, Mrs. Charles E., St Paul 
Lonng, Albert C. Minneapolis 
McGiIl, Mrs. Andrew R, St. Paul 
McGill, Robert C, St. Paul 
McGonagle, William A., Duluth 
Mayo, Dr. Charles H., Roehester 
Mayo, Dr. William J., Roehester 
i rescott. Augustus S., Sheldon, Iouhi 
^wann, John R.. Madison 
Washburn. Mrs. John, Minneapolis 



5 



Active and Institutional Members 
AND Subscribers 

"'^^OLON^At' U"f?s OP AMERICA ,N MlN^..- 
.ZkKSOTA DaUCH^S O. the AME.1CAH 

Revolution 

^ Abrahamson, Mrs. Robert L., Hill CUy 
♦Ayres, Horace B.. Kimbcrly 



Aitkin Public Schools ' . 

McGrath Consolidated School 

^"alwell. Irving A.. Anoka 
Chase, Roe, Anoka 
♦DeLong, Scott H., Anoka . 
Erlander, J. Clemens Anoka 
♦Gates. Emily W., .^"^/^a 
-♦Gillis, Frank, Anoka 
Reed, Arthur L., /InoA-a 
Sm^th. O. E., Anoka 
.Weaver, Mrs. J. L^-^^^'^^^'^ 

Anoka Public Library 

^^iComstock. John S.. Detroit Lakes 
iHoTmes, mVs. E G., Detrort Lakes 
Htmtlcv Mrs. Sidney J.. Lracee 
Vo s Rev. Anders K., Detroit Lakes 
♦We;t, John K.. Dct,.ut Lakes 



Detroit Lakes Public Schools 
Frazee High School 



Beltrami 

Jerdee, Rev. Lars J., Bcmidji 
Pendergast, Jessie M., Bemidji 

Bemidji Public Library 

Independent School District No. 7, Beinid 

State Teachers College, Bemidji 

Benton 

No members 

Big Stone 

*Randall, Dr. Benjamin M., Gracevillc 



Graceville Public Library 
Ortonvillc Public Library 

Blue Earth 

Butler, Charles R., Mankato 
Fritz, Michael D., Mankato 
*Hughes, Thomas, Maiikato 
fHotaling, Herbert C, Mapleton 
tjust, Mrs. Walter F., Mankato 
Lloyd, Dr. Hiram J., Mankato 
Marston, William P., Lake Crystal 
Mather, Oscar L., Madison Lake 
*Morehart, Mrs. William J., Mankato 
*Palm.er, George M., Mankato 
*Pay, William H.. Mankato 
Peterson, Charles V.', Jiidson 
Richards, David, Mankato 
fSearing, Frederick L., Mankato 
Smith, Benjamin D.. Mankato 
Swain, Frank 0.. Lake Crystal 
Taylor. Charles T.. Mai:kaij 
*Tompkins, Isaac N., Mankato 
True, Mrs. F. O., Good Thunder 
Wilhird, William D.. Mankato 
Wise, Charles E., Mankato 



7 



Blue Earth (Continued) 

Mankato High School 
Mankato Public Library 
Mapleton Public Library 
State Teachers College, Mankato 

Brown 

Beecher, H. L., Nezv Uhn 
tDahlberg. Robert C, Springfield 
Davis, LeRoy G., Sleepy Eye 
Forster, John H., Nezv Ulm 
Fritsche, Dr. Louis A., Nezv Uhn 
Gieseke, George, Neiu Ulm 
■ Gulbrandson, Harry, Hanska 

Henningsen, Judge Nicolaus, N'ezu Uhn 
Hummel, August, Xeznj Ulm 
Liesch, Philip, Nczi.' Ulm 
Manderfeld, Carl, N'ezv Uhn 
Meile, Adolph, Nezv Uhn 
Muesing, William, Nezv Uhn 
New Ulm Turnvereix 
Ochs, A. C, Springfield 
Ochs, J. Anton, Nezv Ulm 
Olson, A. O., Nezv Uhn 
Rothenburg, Robert, Springfield 
*Schaefer, Rev. Francis J.. Sleepy Eye 
Schleuder, Hugo O., Nezv Uhn 
Schmidt, George L., Nezv Uhn 
fScobie, H. Frank, Sleepy Eye 
Seifert, Alexander, Springfield 
Somsen, Henrv N., Nezv Uhn 
Starr, Fred, Nezv Uhn 
Stelnhauser, Albert, Nezv Uhn 



Dyckman Free Library, Sleepy Eye 

Carlton 

Hornby, Henry C, Cloquet 
Samuelson, Oscar W., Carlton 



8 



Wilson, Joseph F, Cloquet 



Carlton High School 
Cloquet Public Library 

Carver 

Odell, William F., Chaska 
Cass 

No members 



Cass Lake Higli School 

Chippewa 

*Lima, Dr. T udviP- T? ^^ . 

Chisago 

Hialmar, Rush Citv 

Clay 

Christensen, Arnold M Moorh.r,^ 
Comstock, Solomon G^iyooX'aj 
Friday, Mrs. J„lia B.. Hau- I 
Hanson, N,UB., Banus^u ' 

^^larp, Edgar L., Moorhead 
Trovaten, Austin A., Barnes^ille 



Dihvorth Public Schools 



9 



1 




l 



Clay (Continuea) 

Moorhead Public Library 
Rustad Consolidated School 
State Teachers College, Moorhead 
Ulen Public Schools 

Clearwater 

*Kaiser, Albert, 5a^/^y . 

Cook 

No members 

Cottonwood 

Anderson, Jens jft^^rfom 
Annes, Judge Adrian \\ ^>^dom 
Brown, Silas A If ^h^^^" 
Clark, Willis J., ^^^;i^P'!} 
Cook William A., Windom 
Finstad, Ole J., IVindom 
Fisch, ^.lichael L., IFih^o/u 
G lat^, Charles \W U oidom 
GiUam Ed^vard E Woidom 
Halvorson, Hazel, Stordcn 
Hammerstad. Ole U lVo.dom 
Hanson, Henry E., lVtndom 
Uffcrsun, R. H., nmgham lake 
Knudsen. Anthony C, Sfardrn 
•Liescnfeld, Jacob Co,H/rry (p- o.)- 
Parso, Frank L., H indom 
Perkins Truman A., ir ujJom 

Rupp. John J., n inclom^ 

Stordcn Consolidated School No. 50 
Windom High School 
Windom Public Library 

Crow Wing 

*Adams, Cuyler, Dccnvood 



10 



Crone, Alfred J., Dcerzvood 
Davison, Joseph H., Brainerd 
Johnson, Levi, Braxnerd 
Kinder, Judge Louis B., Brainerd 
La Bar, George D., Brainerd 
Stone, George H., Brainerd 
*White, William C., Deerwood 



Brainerd Public Library 
Crosb}^ Public Library 
Crosby-Ironton High School 
Ironton Public Library 

Dakota 

Bloemers, Myrtle, South St. Paul 
Clark, Charles South St. Paul 
Day, Dr. George R.. Farmington 
Dodge, Dr. Warren M.. Jr., Farmington 
Le Due, Alice S., Hastings 



Farmington Public Schools 

Dodge 

Lee, J. G., Hayfield 
*lParker, James H., Kasson 



Hayfield Public Schools 

Douglas 

Larson, Constant, Alexandria 



Alexandria Public Library 

Faribault 

fCarlson, Chris, Blue Earth 
Clark. Oliver J., Blue Earth 
tFowler, Anita, ll'innebago 
*Putnam. Frank E., Blue Earth ~ 
Ross, W. E. C, Blue Earth 



11 



Fillmore , ,r jj 

Haven. George A.. Chalfid^, 
Havneros, Rev. Ivar, Mabel 



Chatfield Public Library : 

^\tTn: Hans W 
Johnson, Judge Andrew W.. ^^J^^'^^^ 
iMeighen, Judge John P. 5;' 
Nanncstad, Dr. Jonas R., A bet Ua 
Nelson, Conrad A., Glcnvillc 
Preus. Rev. J. C. K., Albert Lea 



Albert Lea Public Library 

^ tA^dTrson, Alexander ^ Red Wing 
Cdresen/AugustH i?.rfH„»H, 
Aslakson, Peter S., Cannon halh 
Conley, Dr. Samuel L Ca^wn Falls 
Densmore, Frances i^rcf IVvig 
r^rrovA George W., Frontcnac 
Suk CouSTV Historical Society, Red 

*Pulnam. William H Red Wing 
Rasmussen. C. A Red ^^'^9 
Scofield. Fred W., Cannon Foils 



Carnegie-Lawther Library, Red \\ mg 
Van Horn Public Library Fan. Island 
Wanamingo Public School 

Grant 

No members 

"^AbTot" Howard S., ^li'-^eafolis 
♦Adair, Dr. Fred L., Mmneapohs 



12 



Adams, Arthur T., Minneapolis 
*Adams, R. H., Minneapolis 
*AhIstrom, Louis J., Jr., Minneapolis 
fAldrich, Chilson D., Minneapolis 
Alexander, Jean H., Minneapolis 
Allee, Anne M., Minneapolis 
*AlIen, E. Floyd, Minneapolis 
♦Anderson, Edward D., Minneapolis 
Anderson, Theodore W., Minneapolis 
Anderson, William, Minneapolis 
fAndrews, Arthur C., Minneapolis 
*Arey, Dr. Hugh C., Excelsior 
Armatage, Arthur \\\, Minneapolis 
Arthur, Hugh, Minneapolis 
Aslakson, John S., Minneapolis 
♦Atkinson, Frederick G., Minneapolis 
Babcock, Willoughby ^L, Minneapolis 
Babcock, Mrs. Willoughby ^I., Minneapolis 
♦Backus, Mrs, Edward W., Minneapolis 
fBaker, Albro A., Minneapolis 
Barber, De Witte N.. Minneapolis 
Bard, Caldusarius, Hopkins 
♦Bardwell, Fred L., Excelsior 
Barry, Edgar A., Minneapolis 
Barton, Edwin AL, Hopkins 
Beardsley, Benjamin F., Minneapolis 
♦Bell, Edward J., Minneapolis ' 
♦Bell, James F., Minneapolis 
Benedict, jMrs. Walter L., Minneapolis 
♦Benjamin, Dr. Arthur E., Minneapolis 
Berglund, Dr. Hilding, Minneapolis 
Best, Eugene N., Minneapolis 
Billman, Dan E., Minneapolis 
Blakey, Mrs. Roy G., Minneapolis 
Blcecker, George M., Minneapolis 
Blcgen, Anne H., Minneapolis 
fBossen, Christian A., Minneapolis 
♦Bothne, Gisle, Minneapolis 
♦Bovey, Mrs. Charles C, Minneapolis 



13 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Bovey, William H., Minneapolis , 
*Bo\vc, Johii, Minneapolis 
Boynton, Dr. Ruth E., Minneapolis 
Bremer, Lavella, Minneapolis 
fBremner, William H., Minneapolis 
♦Brevick, Harald K., Minneapolis 
Brezler. Anne P., Minneapolis 
Briggs, Cb.arles H., Minneapolis 
Briggs, i\Irs. William E., Minneapolis 
^Brooks, Anson S., Minneapolis 
Brooks, Olive 11., Minneapolis 
*Brooks, Paul A., Minneapolis 
Brooks, Airs. Robert L., Minneapolis 
*Brooks, Airs. William F., Minneapolis 
Brown, Dan C, Minneapolis 
Brown, Dr. Edward J., Minneapolis 
Brown, Edwin H., Minneapolis 
*Buck, Solon J., Minneapolis 
fBucklc, Airs. Laurel L., Minneapolis 
Burrill, Margaret C, Minneapolis 
*Burton, Hazel, Exeelsior 
Bussey, Airs. William H., Minneapolis 
*Butlcr, Nathan, Minneapolis 
*Butters, Frederick K., Minneapolis 
Byrnes, Airs. William J., Minneapolis 
fCampbell, Alexander, Minneapolis 
♦Crjnt, Harold G., Mi}ineapoHs 
Capstick, Airs. Bertha, Minneapolis 
*CarIc, Frank A., Minneapolis 
Carpenter, Elbert L., Minneapolis 
*Carpenter, Airs. William I., Minneapolis 
*Case, Charles AI., Minneapolis 
Case, Airs. Cliarles W., Minneapolis 
Chadbourn, Rodney W., Minneapolis 
Chamberlain, Francis A., Minneapolis 
Champine, Airs. Emogenc D., Minneapolis 
Chandler, Floyd A., M inneapolis 
^Chapman, Joseph, Minneapolis 



14 



L^nerry, V\ilbur H., Minneapolis 

Chute, Fred B., Minneapolis 
Chute, Louis P., Minneapolis 

Clark, Frank E., Minneapolis 

Clark, John, Minneapolis 

rr 1 ' J-t^^^'^ence S., Minneapolis 

Oev-eland, Anna J., Minneapolis 

^r.n "''"t ^""'"''r ^^^i>^>^cc,polis 
*Colhns, Louis L., Minneapolis 
CoIIms, Steu^art G., Minneapolis 
*Comstock. Elting H., Minneapolis 
*Coohdge, AFrs. Alarshall H.. Minneai^oli 
Core. Harold C, Minneapolis 
Countryman, Gratia A., Minneapolis 
rlnt^' r^^'!"' ^^^^'''^^opolis 

iCrn l' ^^'°^\"f- '^^i>^>^e^P0lis 
tcrn K^' '^^i>^>'iopolis 

♦Crosby, John, Minneapolis 
•Cross, Dr. John G., Minneapolis 
Cross, Norton AL, Minneapolis 
Crounse. Mrs, Avery F., Minneapolis 
*Curne. W^ilham A., Minneapolis 
Dani, James M., Minneapolis 
Daniel, Airs Jeannette AL. Minneapolis 
Davis Charles A., Minneapolis 
^^^'V^^-' ^^^i>^>^<-^opoliJ 

*D.'v!°"' r'Z^f ^- ^^^i'^^^^'opolis 
*Dayton G. xVelson. Minneapolis 
Dean, Alfred J., Minneapolis 
Dean. Airs. Alfred J.. Minneapolis 
?n^T'' ^^^">^^cipMis 
♦Decker, W^ilbur F.. Minneapolis 



15 



Hennepin (Continued) 

De Laittre. Joseph A Mmneapohs 
*Deming, Fortius C, Minneapolis 
Denison, S. Virginia, Minncatohs 
Deutsch, Henry, Minneapolis 
tDevaney, John P., Minneapolis - 
*Dodge, Louis L., Minneapolis 
Dorsey, James E., Minneapolis 
*Douglas, George P., Minn^pohs 
*Douilas Uvs. George P., Minneapolis 
♦Douglas, Henry F., Minneapolis 
Drak?, Dr. Charles R.. Minneapolis 
Dunsmoor, Dr. Frederick A., Mvineapol 
Durst, William A., Minneapolis 
*Dwinnell, William S., Mmneapohs 
Eastman, Welles, i^^'^\'f^P''^''- 
*Edoar WilHam C, Mmneapohs . 
Edwards Dewitt C., Minneapolis 
*Eitel Mrs. Jcanette E.. Minneapolis 
♦EUin'gsen. Agnes E., Mmneapohs 
*Ellison, James H., Minneapolis 
Ehvell James T., Minneapolis 
*Eustis, William H., Minucapohs 
Everett, Guy W., Minneapolis 
Fahr Dr. George E., Mmneapohs 
♦Falconer, James W., Minneapolis 
Flannery, Henry C., Minneapolis 
Fletcher, Abbott L., Mmneapohs 
♦Fletcher, Frank F., Minneapolis 
Foee Mrs. Eugene. Minneapolis 
♦Folwell, William W., Minneapolis 
*Ford, Guv S., Minneapohs 
Forrest, Victor E., Minneapolis 
Foshay, Willnir B.. Mmnea^hs 
Foss Elizabeth 11.. Minneapolis 
Frances Rita. Sister. Minneapolis 
Eraser Everett. Minneal^olis 
Eraser' William T., Minneapolis 
French William A., Minneapolis 



16 



Fuller, Milton P., Minneapolis 
♦Gale, Edv/ard C., Minneapolis 
Gamble, ^frs. Ross A., Minneapolis 
Gardner, Dr. Edwin L., Minneapolis 
Gardner, Herbert M., Minneapolis 
♦Gaylord, Edson S., Minneapolis 
George, Rebecca, Min n eapolis 
Gerecke, Dr. Frank T., Minneapolis 
Gilbert, W"illiam W., Minneapolis 
Gill, iviichael J., Minneapolis 
Gillette, George M., Minneapolis 
♦Gluek, Charles, Minneapolis 
♦Gluek, Eugene J,, Minneapolis 
♦Gluek, Louis, Minneapolis 
Gold, Mary S., Minneapolis 
Goodrich, Herbert H., Minneapolis 
Gowen, Frank L., Minneapohs 
Graber, Albert, Minneapolis 
Grimsrud, Christian P., Minneapolis 
Guesmer, Airs. Arnold L., Excelsior 
Gulbransen, Mrs. Alfred, Minneapolis 
♦Hamilton, Dr. Arthur S.. Minneapolis 
♦Hancock, Lucius A., Minneapolis 
Hansen, Alvin H., Minneapolis 
Hare, Dr. Earle R., Minneapolis 
Hargreaves, Rev. Jolin R.. Minneapolis 
fHarper, Airs. Joseph L., Minneapolis 
fHarrington, Charles AL, Minneapolis 
Harrison, George, Minneapolis 
♦Harrison, Col. Perry, Excelsior 
Head, Dr. George D., Minneapolis 
♦Hendrickson, Mrs. Eugene A., Minneapo 
♦Henry, Mrs. Louise M.. Minneapohs 
♦Herrick, Ulysses G., Minneapolis 
♦Hewitt, Edwin H., M innccrpolis 
♦Hill, Ilorace AL, Minneapolis 
Hitchcock, Hiram M.. Mi-nncopoHs 
Hodgkins, Charles O., Minneapciis 
Hoke, George, Minneapolis 



17 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Holl, Dr. Peter M., Minneapolis. 
HoUinbeck, Frank ]., Minneapolis 
fHollis, Willard G., Minneapolis 
*Holt, Judge Andrew, Minneapolis 
Howard, Harold P., Minneapolis 
Howard, John R., Minneapolis 
Husbands, Joseph D., Minneapolis 
*Hutchinson, Mrs. John C, Minneapolis 
Hyde, Dr. Walter L., Min>ieapolis 
Jackson, Anson B., M{>ineapolis 
Jackson, Dunharn, Minneapolis 
Jackson, Manly S., Mi)tneapolis 
Jackson, Raymond A., Minneapolis 
Jaeger, Mrs. Luth, Minneapolis 
*Jager, John, Minneapolis 
♦Jaynes, Airs. Fremont N.-, Minneapolis 
Johnson, E. Bird, Minneapolis 
*Johnson, Esther, Minneapolis 
Johnson, H. O., Minneapolis 
Johnson, Harriet D., Minneapolis 
*Johnson, William C, Minneapolis 
tJohnston, John B., Minneapolis " ■ 
*Jones, Herschel V., Minneapolis 
Jones, Roy C, Minneapolis 
Jones, Dr. William A., Minneapolis 
Kelly, Charles S., Minneapolis 
Kelly, Fred J., Minneapolis 
Keyes, Charles F., M inneapolis 
Kimball, Mrs. Edward J., Minneapolis 
Kingman, Joseph R., Minneapolis 
Klein, Airs. William L., Minneapolis 
♦Klint, Anna M. S., M inneapolis 
Knapp, Dr. Miland A., Minneapolis 
Koenig, Alfred E., Minneapolis 
fKrausnick, Gertrude, ll'ay-ata 
Krey, August C, M in neap u lis 
Lagerstrom, Carl E., Min}ieapolis 
fLambic, Alorris B., M inneapolis 



18 



Lane George B., Minneapolis 
hv^'f "'rf 'V^^'' ^^^inneapolis 
l^l^l 'r^'n^^' T., Minneapolis 
Leach. Co . George E., Minneapolis 
Leary Judge William C. Minneapolis 
Leland, Ora M., Minneapolis ^ 
*Leonard, Dr. Wdliam E., Minneapolis 
Leslie, John, Minneapolis 
l\^^'^'\^Ss, milium H., Minneapolis 
*Lind John, Minneapolis 
*LmdIey, Mrs. Clarkson, Minneapolis 
Longfel ow, Beatrice AE, Minneapolis 
Longfellow, Grace M., Minneapolis 
*Loring, Albert C. Minneapolis 
Lovelace Airs. Delos W^, Minneapolis 
Loye, Wilham G., Minneapolis 
Lucas Donald T., Minneapolis 
Lutz. Richard E.. Minneapolis 
H^v??' f''\T'^ ^V., Minneapolis 
Ihon V?'- J" ^^^i>'-^'^eapol:s 

lif A'- -^^i>^>^eapolis 
*McChntock, Henry L., Minneapolis 
*McChntock, Mrs. Henry L., Minneapoli 
McChntock Oliver B., Minneapolis 
TMcClure, Silas, Minneapolis 

¥f I ^V:'- ^"'^^"k ^^i^^neapolis 

Mackall, Henry C, Minneapolis 

Maclean, John G., Minneapolis 

^ ^It^ert S., Minneapolis 

*V M u"'"' J"^^" H., Minneapolis 
^McMillan. Putnam D.. Minneapolis 
Malmstedt, Airs. Charles H., Minneapolis 
Mann, William A., Minneapolis '^'^^"''^ 
Martm, Airs. Charles J.. Minneapolis 
^Martin, George R.. Minneapolis 
Mattson. Edgar L.. ll'ildhurst 
Maynard. ] Lewis. Minneapolis 
Alichener, Carroll K., Minneapolis 



19 



I 

t 

i 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Mackall, Henry C, Minncaf^oUs 
♦Maclean, Jolin G., Minneapolis 
Macmillan, Albert S.. Minneapolis 
Macniillan, Cargill, Minneapolis 
McMillan, Emily L)., Minneapolis 
*MaciV.tillan, John H., Mi)ineapolis 
♦McMillan, Putnam D., 'Minneapolis 
McWhorter, L. N., Minneapolis 
Malmstcclt, Mrs. Charles H., Minneapolis 
Martin, Mr?. Charles J., Minneapolis 
♦Martin, George R., Minneapolis 
♦Mattson, Edgar L., Wildhurst 
Mayo. R. J., Hopkins 
Michener, Carroll K., Minneapolis 
♦Miller, Arthur, Minneapolis 
♦Miller, Lucian C, i^finneapolis 
♦Miller, Orange S., Champlm 
Miner. Julius E., Minneapolis 
Mitchell, Mrs. Edward E., Minneapolis 
Mo, Mrs. Knud E.. Minneapolis 
Moos, Dr. Louis C. Minneapolis 
Moran. Mrs. Brett, Minneapolis 
♦Morris, Airs, Jame^ T., Minneapolis 
Morris, William B., Minneapolis 
Morse, Minnie F., Minneapolis 
Morse, J^frs. W'illard \V., Minneapolis 
Mortcnson, Gerda, Minneapolis 
♦Morton, Mrs. Howard M., Minneapolis 
Mover, Katherine, Minneapolis 
Neil), Minnesota, Miniieapolis 
♦Nelson, Edward, Minneapolis 
♦Nelson, Guy H., Minneapolis .. - , 

Nelson, William E., Minneapolis 
Newhart, Dr. Horace, Minneapolis 
Nicholson, Edward E., Minneapolis 
Noe, Mrs. George D.. Minneapolis 
Nordin, Elsa R., Minneapolis 
♦Nortluip, Mrs. William G., M inneapolis 



20 



tNyman, Mel R., Minneapolis 

♦Oakes, Luther S., Minneapolis 

Odland, Martin W., Robbinsdale 

Olin, Alvah M., Minneapolis 

Olson, Dr. Olof A., Minneapolis 

Orcutt, Wright T., Minneapolis 

Osgood, Ernest S., Minneapolis 

Owen, Hany N., Minneapolis 

Pabody, E. Fitch, Minneapolis 

♦Palmes, iMary E., Minneapolis 

Pardee, Mrs. Neely E., Minneapolis 

♦Parsons, E. Dudley, Minneapolis 

♦Partridge, George H., Minneapolis 

♦Partridge, Harvey E., Minneapolis 

Partridge, Stanley, Minneapolis 

♦Paul, Amasa C, Minneapolis 

Petri, Ruth J., Minneapolis 

fPhelps, Mrs. Louise R., Minneapolis 

Pickett, Victor G., Minneapolis 

♦Pillsbury, Alfred F., Minneapolis 

♦Pillsbury, Mrs, Charles S., Minneapolis 

Plimpton, Russell A., Minneapolis 

Pollock, Robert L., Minneapolis 

Potter, Franc M., Minneapolis 

♦Prince, Frank M., Minneapolis 

Quist, Peter P., Minneapolis 

Quist, Walter P., Minneapolis 

♦Rankin, Albert W., Minneapolis 

Read, Rev. Richard S., Minneapolis 

♦Record, James L., Minneapolis 

Reed, I^Irs. Fred W., Minneapolis 

Rees, James H.. Minneapolis 

Reeve, Gen. Charles M., Minnelonka Beach 

Reeve, ^^Irs. Charles AL, Minnetonka Beach 

Remington, Mrs. William W., Minnecpolis 

♦Reynolds, William A.. Miiuieapo'iis 

Richards, Bt-rgmann, Minneapolis 

Riheldaffer, John H., Minneapolis 

♦Roan. Dr. Carl At., Minneapolis 



21 



\ 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Russell, Sophia E., Minneapolis 
Ruud, Martin B., Minneapolis 
Sadley, Elizabeth V., Minneapolis 
fSanborn, Charles H., Minneapolis 
Sanders, Fred H., Minneapolis • 
Sardeson, Frederick W., Minneapolis 
*Satterlee, Marion P., Minneapolis 
tSchiitz, Oscar L., Minneapolis 
Schwartz, George M., Mifmeapolis 
Selover, Arthur W., Minneapolis 
Sharratt, Roy, Minneapolis 
tShaw, Frank W., ]\linneapoUs 
*Shaw, William E. V., Minneapolis 
Shearer, Mrs. James D., Minneapolis 
*Sheffield, Benjamin B., Minneapolis 
Shenehon, Francis C, Minneapolis 
Shephard, William H., Minneapolis 
*Shutter, Rev. Marion D.. Minneapolis 
Sigerfoos, Charles P., Minneapolis 
*Simmons, Myron K., Minneapolis 
Sinclair, John F., Minneapolis 
Smith, Alice E., Minneapolis 
*Smith, Edward E., Minneapolis 
Smith, F. Carleton, Minneapolis 
*Smith, Fred L., Minneapolis 
Smith, Judge John D., ^Minneapolis 
*Smith, Joseph E., Minneapolis 
fSmith, John L., Minneapolis 
Smith, Dr. Norman M., Minneapolis 
Smith, Rev. Roy L., Minneapolis 
*Snyder, Fred B., ^[inneapolis 
Spiess, '^^rs. Selma P., Minneapolis- 
Stccfel, Lawrence D., Minneapolis 
Stephenson, George M., Minneapolis 
Stevenson, Hugli R., .]Iinneopolis 
Stilson. George E., Minneapolis 
♦Stilwcll, Eugene J., Mi)ineapolis 
Stombcrg, Andrew A., Mi>ineapolis 



22 



*Strachauer, Dr Arfhur r if 
Strobridge, Mr." \u[,u ^-'^^'^^-'^^apohs 
*Sudduth. WiJliarn H \'}^''''^''^M^s 
Sundean, Amandl j^-\,¥''''''^Polis 

Thomas, Mrs Daviri n ^T^ 
tTho,npson FaHh '.t/,?i;.a';::.;r^°'- 

!Timberlk-e ByCn' fc^/'/^ 

Townsend, Lt Glen R Pr.^, Q „■ 

Van Campen Ch±>H "Z-"''^'''", 
*Van Cleve Carl F 'r K>lis 

Van Sant Samuel R., .U»nu-«L ,> 

^5;3^/^h'' -'{y-''''«'^4 



23 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Ware, Dorothy F., MinncapoUs 
*Warner, Amos L,, Minneapolis 
*Warren, Mrs. Frank Minneapolis 
♦Washburn, Mrs. John, Minneapolis 
*Waters, Glen M., Minneapolis . 
Way, Charles M., Minneapolis 
Webb, Robert W., Minneapolis 
*Webster, George B., Minneapolis 
Weesner, Harvey R., Minneapolis 
*Wells, Frederick B., Minneapolis 
*Wells, Leonard H., Minneapolis 
West, Margaret, Minneapolis 
Wheeler, Walter H., Minneapolis 
White, Albert B., Minneapolis 
Whitmore, Alice E., Minneapolis 
Whitney, Lt. Col. Alfred C, Minneapolis 
♦Whitney, Mrs. William C, Minneapolis 
Wiethoff, Dr. Charles, Minneapolis 
Wiff, Nelson A., Minneapolis 
Wilder, Capt. Stuart G., Minneapolis 
Williams, Charles R., Minneapolis 
♦Wilson, \irs. George S., Minneapolis. 
Winston, Fendall G., Minneapolis 
♦Winston, William O., Jr., Minneapolis 
♦Wirth, Theodore, MinncapoUs 
Wisner, Mrs. Oscar D., Minneapolis 
Wold, Olga W. M., Minneapolis 
Wolford, William L., Minneapolis 
♦Wood, Dr. Douglas F., Minneapolis 
Wulling, Frederick J., M inneapolis 
Yaeger, Harry, Excelsior 
Young, Jeremiah S.. M inneapolis 
Zonne; Ary E., Minneapolis 

Augsburg Seminary, Minneapolis 
Blake School, Minneapolis 
Central High School, Minneapolis 
Excelsior Public Sch(K)ls 



24 



Jolin Mars H tl, c^'^'^ 
Minneapolis pj. f 1 ^''"neatoUs 

Wayzata HiglV Sc ' °o '• 
West H,gh School, iIi„„cap„Us 
Houston 

JoHnson/Kev.^ikft.^-,^ 



Spring Grove High School 
Hubbard 

Wrightf'ciayfr^L^^^;?!^"^'''^ 

Olson Oscar A.. Braham 
TTroelstrup, Archie W., han.briclg.^ 



Cambridge Public Sclmols 
Itasca 

Carnegie Public UU^y r,l ■ 
Grand Rapids Publ c fibran 
Indepcukm School lyXtf ^ , 
Marble Public Library " 
School District Xo, Gn,„J R,,,:j, 



25 



Jackson 

Prokes, Joseph N., Jackson 



Jackson High School 

Kanabec 

*Pope, Jacob C, Mora 

Kandiyohi 

Hong, Peter B., WilUnar 
*La\vson, Victor E., WUlmar ' 
*Qvale, Gauthe E., WUlmar 
Swenson, Charles A., Aiwater 
Young, Henry G., IVillm-ar 



New London Public Schools 
Willmar Public Schools 

Kittson 

*Lindegard, Axel, Hallock 



Lancaster Consolidated School 

Koochiching 

No members 



International Falls Public Library- 
Lac qui Parle 

*Dale, Ole G., Madison 
tjacobson, Jacob F., Madison 
Johnson, Dr. Carl M., Daivson 
Johnson, Dr. Herman M., Daivson 
Larson, M. Alfred, Madison 
Larson, Oscar J., Madison 
*Nelson, Obert R., Madison 
*Soderbcrg, Nathaniel F., Madison 
Sorknes, Halvor L,, Madison 
Stemsrud, Martin A., Madison 



26 



ThM""'r^°^" Madison 
Thiele, Charles F., Madison 



Carnegie Library, Madison 
Lake 

*Scott, W'ilham E., ^farcy 

Lake of the Woods 

No members 



Independent ScUcZil^,,,;,, Xo. 

Le Sueur 

No members 

Lincoln 

tMagandy, Gwendolyn E., Tyler 



Arco Consolidated School 
Hendricks Public Schools 

Lyon 

BelvilJe. Mrs. Charles W., Tracv 
Bjornson. Gunnar B.. Minneoia ^ 
Hansen, Carl W., R,,sscll 
Mathews, Alarvin E., Marshall 
*Rose. Arthur P.. Marshall 



iviarstiall Fnbiic Schoo's 
Minneota High School" 

McLeod 

*AIIen, Franklin R., Ghucoe 
Mverv°'J^ Sam G., //WcVa-.... 
TAv cry, Percy E., Hutchinson 
Braun, Henry, Hutchinson 



27 



? * 



McLeod (Continued) 

Eheim, Joseph M., Hutchinson 
^Gilbert, Luther W., Glcncoe 
Greaves, Jay J., Glencoe 
*White, Mrs. Sophie P., Hutchinson 
fZrust, Mrs. John, Glcncoe 



Brownton Public Schools 
Glencoe Public Schools 
Hutchinson Public Library • 
Hutchinson Public Schools 
Lester Prairie Public Schools 
Silver Lake Public Schools 

Mahnomen 

No members ' • • 

Marshall 

Blegen, Dr. Llalhvard Af., Warren 
fBratrud, Dr. Theodor, Warren 
Holen, N. A., Argylc 
Melgaard, O. L., Argylc 
Skarstad, Alfred, Argyle 

Strandqulst Public Schools 

Martin 

fDay. Frank A., Fairmont 
Flygare, Edward R., Fairmont 
*Haycraft, Julius E., Fairmont 
*Hunt, Dr. Ferd N., Fairmont 
Keithahn, Rollo C, Fairmont 
Nelson, Major Arthur AL, Fairmont 
Nicholas, Edwin PL, Fairmont 
*Portcr, Clayton A., Fairmont 

Fairmont High School 
Fairmont Public Library 



28 



Meeker 

^Schumann, Martin C. F.. Litchfield 



Litchfield Public Library 

Mille Lacs 

Ayer, Harry D., Onamia 
*CaIey, Dr Guy R.. Princeton 
Hamer, Richard, Milaca 
McMillan, Elvero L.. Princeton 
*Morton, Rufus P., Princeton 



Princeton Public Library 

Morrison 

*AIusser Richard D.. Little Falls 
Palmer Holger E., Lincoln 
Weyerhaeuser, Charles A., Little Falls 



Little Falls High School 
Mov/er 

*Banfield, Nathan F., Austin 
Catheru-ood, Sam D., Austin 

Hlitchell, J. L., Austin 
Steffens, Orson R., Radnc 



■ a'^^'"' Consolidated High School 
Austin High School 
LeRoy Public Library 

Murray 

tjohnson, Albert W., Fulda 



Slayton Public Schools 



29 



Petersoii Conrad. Si Peter 
Stark, Mrs. H. L., St. Ir'etet 

Fagerstrom. Mrs. Allen W., IVorthington 
r7>ff Albert T IVorthington 
?• n' Mrs Pe er O., IVorthington 
li^c're' Mrs'^teorge C IVortJnngton 



Brewster Consolidated Schools ■ " 

Worthington Public Library 

Norman 

No members 

Halstad High School 

^ Henry S , Rochester 

M Win-- F., Rochester 
*Bun pus, Dr. Herman C Rochester 
♦Chapman, Clair A., Rochester 
Christensen, Henry O Rochester 
Churchill. William W.. Rochester , 
tCoUin, Job T., Rochester 
*Eaton, Burt W., ^^och'ster 
Fvnrts Dr Arrah B., Rochester 
?Finn y^^^ V^^lM^n.? Rochester 
*Grding, Arthur C. Rochester 
♦r^^h-^m Dr. Christopher. Rochester 
*Gr:ng"r'. udge George XV., Rochester 
♦Harwick, Harry J.. Rochester 
tHenderson. Dr. Mc\yu Rochester 
tjudd, Dr. K<hvar<l S. Rochester 
♦Kahler. John H.. Rochester 
Kendall Dr. Edward C. Rochester 
*ZoX-. G^-^-^<^ Rochester 



30 



Larkin, Mrs. A. E., Rochester 
Linton, Mrs. William B., Rochester 
Lobb, Albert J., Rochester 
♦Mayo, Dr, Charles PL, Rochester 
*Mayo, Dr. \\'illiam J., Rochester 
*Melone, James A., Rochester 
Menefec, Rev. Guy C. Rochester 
Mussey, Dr. Robert D., Rochester 
fPollock, Dr. Lee W., Rocliester 
Reiter, Julius J., Rochester 
*Sanford, Dr. Arthur H., Rochester 
Sherman, George N., Rochester 
*Smith, Dr. Frederick L., Rochester 
Stettbacher, Mrs. Charles C, Rochester 
♦University Club, Rochester 



Rochester High School 
Rochester Public Library 

Otter Tall 

Adams, Elmer E.. Fergus Falls 
Daly, Michael ]., Perham 
fFlynn, Daniel, Perham 
Lotterer, Casper W., Perh^tn 
Otter Tail County Historical Society, 

Fergus Foils 
♦Patterson, Mrs. William L., Fergus Falls 
Scofield, Robert J., Perham 
Sherping, Dr. Olaf T., Fergus Foils 



Fergus Falls Public Library 
Perham. Public Schools 

Pennington 

Backe, Lars, Thief River Falls 
Hellquist, Charles E., Thief River Falls 

Pine 

Pedersen, Elna H., Askov 
Pedersen, L. C, Askov 



31 



?Davies, Edward W., Pipestone . 
Gurley, George P., Pipestone 
Uo^^■^rd, Charles B.. Pipestone . 



Pipestone Public Library " 

^°*Hilliard, William U Lcngby 
Johannessohn. L., Beltrami 
Selvig, Conrad G., Crookston 
*Steenerson, Elias, Crookston 
Stephens, Andrew D Crookston 
^tirknev Dr T. L., Crookston 
nValsh, Edmund M., Crookston 



Carnec-ie Library, Crookston 
Nor^lwest School and Station, Crooksto 

''To'hnshoy, Rev M Casper. Starhuck 
Pryor, Leonard H., Glemvood 

^^.^bb^etmeyer. Carl D A F St. Paul 
Aberle, David W., St. Paul 
^fdams, Charles W St. Paul 
Albrccht. Otto ,E ^t. Paul 
tAhvay, Frederick J., St. Paul 
Ames M.^s. Charles W., St. Paul 
Angell, F.cHler^^^^ 
Appel. Livia. St. Paul 
^Armstrong, James D 5/. ^^^'^ 
♦Armstron.ix, Dr. John ^L St. i aul 
Asher. Hellen ^^-^ f • f/"^ . , . 
*Balley. Everett H.. ^S/_ i oh/ 
Baldwin.ClaraF S rnn/ 

Balmer. ^' p'L 
^Barber. Percy E., St I an 
Barlow. Henry P.. St. Paul 



22 



*Bechhoefer, Charles, St. Paul 
*BelI, George, St. Paul 
*Benz, Mrs. George G., St. Paul 
^Bernard, Swen, 6"^. Paul 
*Berrisford, Enoch F., St. Paul 
*Betz, Louis, St. Paul 
*Bigelow, Charles H., St. Paul 
Bigelov;, Frederick R., St. Paul 
*Bill, Alfred H., St. Paul 
*Bill, Fred A,, St. Paul 
*BilI, Mrs. Fred A., St. Paul 
Blegen, Theodore C, 6"^. Paul 
Blodgett, Harvey A., St. Paul 
*Bohland, John A., St. Paul 
Boss, Andrew, St. Paul 
Boyle, :MichaeI J., St. Paul 
Brack, George M., St. Paul 
♦Bradford, John M., St. Paul 
*Bremer, Otto, St. Paul 
Bremer, Paul G., St. Paul 
Brett, Peris A., St. Paul 
Briggs, Asa G., St. Paul 
♦Brooks, Dr. D wight F., St. Paul 
*Brown, Cyrus P.. St. Paul 
♦Brown, ;Montreville J., St. Paul 
*Budd, Ralph, St. Paul 
Bumgardner, Louis A., St. Paul 
*Bunn, Chajles W, St. Paul 
♦Burch, Dr: i^rank E., 6"/. Paul 
♦Busch, Rev. William, St. Paul 
♦Butler, J^Irs. William, St. Paul 
Caldwell, Chester L., St. Paul 
Carney, Mary V.. St. Paul 
♦Carpenter. M. Blanchard, St. Pat 
Carter, \\'arrcn S., St. Paul 
♦Catlin, Frederick M., St. Paul 
Chapin, Mrs. George G.. St. Paul 
Chapin, Mrs. Walter L., St. Paul 
♦Chapman, Benjamin O., St. Paul 



33 



Ramsey (Continued) 
Chatterton, Dr. Carl C, Si. Paul 
Cheyney, Edward G., St. Paul 
*Clark, Homer P., St. Paul 
*Clark, Hopewell, St. Paul 
*Cobb, Dr. Sheridan G., St. Paid 
*Cochran, Moncrief M., St. Paul 
♦Cole, Col. Haydn S., St. Paul 
♦Cole, Dr. Wallace H., St. Paul 
Colvin, Dr. Alexander R., St. Paul 
Converse, Clovis M., St. Paul 
Corning, Leavitt, St. Paul 
Cowern, Joseph F., St. Paul 
♦Gushing, Luther S., St. Paul 
♦Cutler, Edward H., St. Paul 
♦Cutler, William W., St. Paul 
Dance, Harry H., St. Paul 
Dane, George R., St. Paul 
♦Darling, William L., St. Paul 
fDaugherty, Dr. Louis E.. St. Paul 
Davidson, Watson P., St. Paul 
Davis, Edward P., St. Paul 
Dean, Sydney B., St. Paul 
Dean, William J., St. Paul 
Denegre, Mrs. James D., St. Paul 
♦Dibcll, Judge Homer B., St. Paul 
Dickey, Minerva L., St. Paul 
Dilley, Mrs. Elizabeth, St. Paul 
Doherty, Melvin J., .S7. Paul 
Donnelly, Charles, St. Paul 
♦Dougan, Edward C. St. Paul 
♦Dowling, Most Rev. Austin, St. Paul 
Doyle, John A., St. Paul 
♦Drake, Harry T., St. Paul 
Drake, Henry C, St. Paul 
Drew, James M., St. J'aul 
♦Driscoll, Arthur B.. St. Paul 
Dunn, John W. G., St. Paul 
Dunn Lewis E., St. Paul 



34 



♦Earl, Dr. George, St. Paul 
*Eddy, Charles W., St. Paul 
Edwards, Rev. Maurice D., .S7 Paul 
Elhott, Mrs. Russell G., St. Paul 
Emery, Rhoda ]., St. Paul 
♦Encksen, Theresa, St. Paul 
l^airfield, Marion C, St Paul 
♦Farnham, Charles W., St. Paul 
♦Ferguson, Dr. James C, St. Paul 
♦Ffolhott, Charles, St. Paul 
Firestone, Allan L., St. Paul 
tFitch, Clifford P., St. Paul 
♦Fitzpatrick. John F.. St. Paul 
♦Flandrau, Mrs. Blair, St. Paul 
tlynn, Edward F., St. Paul 
♦Fobes, William H.. St. Paul 
*Eogg, Frederic A., St. Paul 
♦Fogg, Frederic :M.. St. Paul 
tForbes, Charles A., St. Paul 
tl^orepaugh, Mrs. Joseph L., St. Paul 
Fullerton, Sam F., St Paul 
♦Furness, Mrs. Charles E.. St. Paul 
♦Gardner. George W.. St. Paul 
Gcery, William B., St. Paul 
*Geist, John M.. St. Paul 
Gipson, Henrv E., St. Paul 
*Golling. Benjamin C, St. Paul 
tGordenier, William H.. St. Paul 
tGordh, Arvid, St. Paul 
♦Gordon, Charles W.. St Paul 
Gortner, Dr. Ross A.. St Paul 
Gowen, Albert S.. St. Paul 
♦Gray, Clarence C. St. Paul 
♦Greene. Dr. Charles L., St. Paul 
Gregg. Jesse A., St. Paul 
♦Griggs, Chauncev' M.. St. Paul 
♦Gronvold, J. Marie. St. Paul 
Grussendorf, Erna M.. St Pau' 
♦Haecker, Theophilus L., St Paul 



35 



Ramsey (Continued) 

Hagstiom, G. Arvid, St. Paul 
*HalI, Henry B., St. Paul 
Hall, Orrington C, St. Paul 
*Hamlin, Rev. Fritz C, St. Paul 
*Hammes, Dr. Ernest M., St. Paul 
Hannaford, Foster, St. Paul 
*Hannaford, Jiile M., St. Paul 
*Harmon, Albert H, St. Paul 
♦Harris, Harold, St. Paul 
Harris, J. Arthur, St. Paul 
*Hauser, Mrs. Charles, 67. Paul 
Hayes, Clarence D., 67. Paul 
Heaton, George, St. Paul 
Heilbron, Bertha L., St. Paul 
Hess, George H., Jr., St. Paul 
Hewitt, James B., St. Paul 
*Hill, Louis W., St. Paul 
Hills, Minnie L., St. Paul 
*Hobe, Engebreth H.. St. Paul 
♦Hodnefield, Jacob. St. Paul 
Holmes, Kenneth L., St. Paul 
Hosmcr, Alice. St. Paul 
Ickler, Lydia AI, St. Paul 
*IngersoH, Frederick G.. St. Paul 
Irvine, Horace H., .9^. Paul 
*Ives, Gideon S., St. Paul 
♦Jackson, John N.. St. Paul 
Jackson, Preston T., Si. Paul 
♦Jacobson, Martin L.. .S7 Paul 
Jefferson, Lawrence C, St. Paul 
Jenks, Charles O., 67. Paul 
Jennings, Mrs. Thomas B., St. Paul 
Jerrard, Mrs. Frank H.. St. Paul 
*John.son, Herman, 67. l^aul 
Johnson, Oscar F.. .S7. Paul 
♦Johnston, Clarence H., 67. Paul 
Jones, Richard U., St. Paul 
fKalman, Ciuirles O., .S7. Paul 



36 



Ke er, Charles E„ 67. Paul 
Keller, Herbert P., St. Paul 
Kellogg, Frank B., 67. Paul 
Kennedy, Richard L., 67. Paul 
*Kirk, Everett B., 67. Paul 
Klein, Horace C, 67. Paul 
Knowles, John P., 67. Paul 
*Krank, Alfred J., 67. Paul 
Lagerman, John A., St. Paul 
Lambrecht, Michael, St Paul 
Lange, Dietrich, St. Paul 
*Langford, Nathaniel P., St. Paul 
*Lesher, Rev. Everett, St. Paul 
tLewis, Judge Olin B., St, Paul 
Libbey, Mrs. Leon D., St. Paul 
*Lightner WiHiam H., St. Paul 
tLmdsay, George F., St. Paul 
Lmdvall, August J., St. Paul 
Lofroth, Oscar, St. Paul 
*Lufkm, Mrs. Harry M., St. Paul 
Lyons, Dennis F., St. Paul 

*Af n'^V ^''^"^ S., St. Paul 
*McCoIl, Henry, St. Paul 
McConnell, James M., St. Paul 
McDermott, Th.omas J., 67. Paul 
l\fn'u'^\%' ^^^'^^'^^ E- St. Paul 

♦McGilI, Robert C, St. Paul 
TMcGregor, Elizabeth, 67. Paul 

I;'f''?>'J^ ^"^f ^''''^^ St. Paul 

♦McKibbm, Joseph, St. Paul 
Mackintosh, Roger S., St. Paul 
tMacRae, Donald, St Paul 
♦Mayo W alter L., St. Paul 
♦Meagher, John B., St. Paul 
^{f^^'^J' Henry A., 67. Paul 
*Mctcalf, George P., St. Paul 
tJf/cJ^ael James C. St. Paul 
Millard, l^rank B., St. Paul 



37 



Ramsey (Continued) 

♦Miller, William A., Bald Eagle Lake 
*MiIIs, W. Robert, St. Paul 
*Milne, Mrs. Alexander A., St. Paul 
♦Mitchell, William D, St. Paul 
Moberg-, George W., St. Paul 
Moon, Amy C, St. Paul 
Moos, Charles J., St. Paul 
*Moritz, William R, St. Paul 
Moynihan, Very Rev. Humphrey, St. Paul 
♦Mundy, Harry L., St. Paul 
♦Murray, Charles, St. Paul 
♦Myers, Paul N., St. Paul 
fNankivell, James, St. Paul ■ 
♦Nellermoe, Frantz G., St. Paul 
Nelson, Arthur E., St. Paul 
Nicols, Mrs. Henry, St. Paul 
Nilson, Kenneth, St. Paul 
Noll, Amy W., St. Paul 
Nordin, Dr. Charles G., St. Paul 
♦Nowell, James A., St. Paul 
Noyes, Charles P., St. Paul 
♦Noyes, Mrs. Charles P., St. Paul 
Nute, Grace L., St. Paul 
Nute, M. Virginia, St. Paul 
O'Brien, Dillon J., St. Paul 
O'Brien, Mrs. George T., St. Paul 
♦O'Brien, Judge Thomas D., St. Paul 
♦Oehler, Ira, St. Paul 
♦Oppenheimer, William H., St. Paul 
♦Orr, Charles N., St. Paul 
Osborn, Henry L., Si. Paul 
♦Ostergren, Dr. Edward W., St. Paul 
Ottis, Frank J., St. Paul 
♦Owens, Dr. Frederick M., St. Paul 
♦Pearson, }^farie N. V., St. Paul 
♦Peet, William F., St. Paul 
Penficld, Clara M., St. Paul 
♦Perry, Gale W., St. Paul 



38 



♦Pollock, Hester, St. Paul 
Potts, Charles ]., St. Paul • 
♦Power, Charles M., St. Paul 

*Putnam, Douglas, St. Paul 
PyK Joseph G., St. Paul 
*Qum an, H. Thomas, St. Paul 
P^^U^f/^vEugene W., St. Paul 
Randall Henry E.. St. Paul 
♦Rank, Mrs. Charles G., St. Paul 
Rasmussen, Walter, St. Paul 
Rice, Robert A., St. Paul 
Richardson, Harold ]., St. Paul 

Richardson, Harris, St. Paul 
Rife, Clarence W., St. Paul 
Ritchey, Charles J., St. Paul 
/J-^^""^ Victor, St. Paul 
7^ "^W?'^ Louis H., St. Paul 
Rosendahl, Carl O., St. Paul 
TRosenwaId, \\ alter F., St. Paul 

*P H '/m:, L., St. Paul 

♦Rothschdd, Henry, St. Paul 
♦Rowe. William, St. Paul 
Russell, Charles O., St. PauJ 
Russell, Dr. Herman R.. St. Pavl 
M. Rose, Afother, St. Paul 
Sanborn, Edward P., St. Paul 
Sanborn, Judge Walter H., St Paul 
♦Saunders, Mrs. Edward X.. St. Pau 
Scandrett Benjann-n W., St. Paul 
Schhck, Frank, St. Paul 
♦Schmahl, Julius A.. St. Paul 
Schmidt, Mrs. Mary S., St. Paul 
Schoonmaker. Mrs. James. .9/. Paul 
♦Schu dt. Dr. Fred C. St. Paul 
♦Schulz, Charles G., St. Paul 
♦Schuneman, Charles. St. Paul 
♦Schurmeier, Mrs. Theodore L St P^ 



39 



Ramsey (Continuea) 

*Schwyzer Dr. " 
*Seliskar, Rev.John 5f. Fa^^^ 
Sewall. Harriet \V 5^_Paui 
*Shepard, Mrs. Frank P., St. i am 
'^Shields, James, St. Fai^/ 
^Shields, Litton E St Pan 
*Shields, Lytton J., St Pan 
*Shippee Lester R, . Pa 

*Simons, Luman C, St. iam 
tSkoogkm, Charles. St. Paul 
Smith.Mary G 5f.Faul 
Snyder, Mrs. Omer 
*Sommers, Benjamin -^^p^/'^ 
*Sommers, Charles L., St faul 
Spear, Charles 1 S^ Foh/ 
*Spencer, Charles L 5/^ Fauf 
Stakman, Elym C, St. l^ni 
*Stees, Charles, St. Paul 
Sticfel. Mrs Ernest J ^ . Paul 
*Stone, Royal A-, ^ 
Stork, Florence C, St L aul 
.Summerfield, Isaac, St. Pau 

Sweeney, A^^^^^^vf Fa 
ISvvenson, Edward, ^^/^^^^ 
Swenson, Luella f 6? i 
*Swenson, Oscar W., 5/. / h/ 
*Taylor, Myron ' 
*Temple, Herbert M., | • F 
Thompson. Harry S., St i f'' I, 
ThonM)Son.Mrs Horace^/ Fan/ 

Thompson^^Nclhe A.. 5f. i n ^ 
♦Tiffany, krancis B 5"^ Paul 
♦Tighe, Ambrose, St. / a»t 
Toomey, lt\h%Xul 

*Upham, John P.. St. Pan 
*Upham, Warren, 5^. Paul 



40 



Varney, Herbert C, 5^. Paul 
*Villaume, Charles E., 67. Paul 
*Von der Weycr, Henry, St. Paul 
Wallace, James, St. Paul 
Wallace, Mrs. James, St. Paul 
*Warner, Eli S., St. Paul 
Washburn, Dr. Harvey B., St. Paul 
fWeed, Jam.es H., St. Paul 
Weed, Paul C, St. Paul 
♦Weinhagen, Charles, St. Paul 
tWeschcke, Charles, St. Paul 
West, Rodney M., St. Paul 
*West, William L., St. Paul 
Wheeler, Rush B., St. Paul 
Wheelhouse, ]\Iary E., St. Paul 
Wheelock, Webster, St. Paul 
White, Arthur D., St. Paul 
White, Edwin, St. Paul 
Wilkinson, Jam.es H., St. Paul 
Wilson, Rev. Gilbert L., St. Paul 
tWollaeger, Rev. Herman W. P., St. Paul 
Wolterstorff, John H., .9/. Paul 
*Yoerg, Frank, St. Paul 
*Young, Elbert A., St. Paul 
Zimmerinann, Bernard, St. Paul 



Arlington Branch Librarv, 5"^. Paul 

Central High School, St.' Paul 

College of St. Catherine. St. Paul 

Concordia College, St. Paul 

Gillette State Hospital for Crippled Chil 

drcn, St. Paul 
Hamline Branch. Librarv, St. Paul 
Humboldt High School^ Si. Paul 
James J. Hill Reference Library, St. Paul 
Independent Sclinnl District Xo. 2, Ncrth 

St. Paul 

Independent School District No. 5, IVk'it^ 
Bear 



41 



Ramsey (Continued) 

Library Division, State Department of Edu 
cation 

Luther Theological Seminary, St. Paul 
Riverview Branch Library, St. Paul 
St. Anthony Branch Library, St. Paul 
Summit School, St. Paul 
White Bear Lake Public Library 

Red Lake 

Bottineau, William, Plummer 
Healy, Leland E., Red Lake Falls 



Red Lake Falls Public Schools 
Redwood 

Brand, Dr. William A., Rcdivood Falls 
Cole, Dr. Herman B., Redzcood Falls 
♦Gold, William H., Redzi'ood Falls 
Smith, Andrew D., Redwood Falls 
Steinhauser, Emil C, Lamberton 



Independent School District No. I, Red 

wood Falls 
Lamberton High School 
Milroy Consolidated School ' 
Redwood Falls Public Library ■ 

Renville 

Armstrong, Airs. Vesta C, Olivia 
Bordewich, Harald T., Olivia 
♦Dowling, Mrs. Miciiael T., Olivia 
*Frccman, John AL, Olivia 
Hopkins, Frank, Fairfax 
♦Nordstrom, Edwin, Sacred Heart 
Otto, Henry J., Buffalo Lake 
Raverty, Gladys M., Buffalo Lake 
Strom, William B., Hector 
Thang, Emil, Sacred Heart 



42 



Fairfax High School 
Hector Associated Schools 

f»^^lb?i--^^-^c^^ 

Renville Consolidated Schools 
Rice 

Boe Lars W., Northfidd 
Chaffee, Fred \f c-/ -L , 

Uaik, Keith, North field 
Cole Kate L, Faribault 

J^ikms, Frederick E., FaLuIt 
;Kaisersatt, Frank ^-"'.f'^'V 
Morehouse Mr^ itk Faribault 

Rice County Historical ^ottftv p -r . 
*i^oe Herman. .Vor^/,^,// ^ F^nhault 
Rowberg, Andrew A. KorM^M 

We.clu, arl L., K'ortltld 

Faribault Public Lit^v 
Mornstown Public Pcliojl 
S ° ol??"r ^i"^"^ LibVan 
Seabury D.vini.y Sch„or/t,y,„„„ 



43 



Rock 

Ferguson, Marjorie F., Lnvcrnc 
Jacobson, Jacob N., Hills 
Johnston, Dorothy, Luverne 
Wiggins, J. Russell, Lnvcrnc 



Luverne High School 
Luverne Public Library 

Roseau 

Billberg, Eddy E., Roseau 
. Fryklund, P. O., Roseau 

St. Louis 

*Adams, Dr. Bertram S., Ilibhbig 
*Adams, Charles E.. DulufJi 
*Alworth, Marshall H., Duluth 
fAl worth, Marshall W., Dniufh 
*Arnold, John B., Duluth 
Arnold, Luther B., Duluth 
fBailey, Ernest A.. Virginia 
*Bailey, William D., Duluth 
Baldwin, Albert, Duluth 
Barnes, Arthur P., Duluth 
fBarnes, Clarence H., Duluth 
Barnes, Airs. Julia AI., Duluth 
*Barnes, Julius H., Duluth 
*Barnum, George G.. Jr., Duluth 
Bade, J. Adam, Duluth 
Bessette, Fred W., Orr 
*Bingham, Stillman H.. Duluth 
*Bohannon, Eugene W., Duluth 
Brown, Arthur H., Duluth 
Buck, Fred W., Duluth 
*Cant, William A.. Duluth 
tCarniichacl, Harold A., Duluth 
*Chisholm, Archibald M., Duluth 
HMarficld. Albert B.. Duluth 
*Collin, Mrs. Mary E., Duluth 



44 



^Congdon, Edward C, Duluth 
*Congdon, Walter B., Duluth 
Crassweller, Arthur H., Duluth 
Crassweller, P>ank, Duluth 
^Crosby, George H., Duluth 
*Culkni, William E., Duluth 
Darling, John H.. Duluth 
^Day, Frank A., Duluth 
Pn^n°^^' F^^^^cis H., Duluth 
^Dudley, Harry C, Duluth 
Ely, Robert H., Evclcth 
*Fay George A., Duluth 
*Fesler, Judge Bert, Duluth 
*Getchell, William B., Duluth 
Grannis. Judge Henry J., Duluth 
^Hanson, M. Francis. Duluth 
tHarper, James H., Duluth 
Hartman, Alex W., Duluth ■ 
*Hcardn]g, John H., Duluth 
Higburg, Herbert, Duluth 
Hoshour, Harvey, Duluth 
Hunt, J. W., Duluth 
Jaques, Robert, Duluth 
Jens wold, John, Duluth 
Johnson. Edward W.. Floodwood 
tJohnson, Gilmore H., Fhodzcood 
Lockhart, George O., Duluth 
McCabc, William J., Duluth 
*McClcarn, Hugh ]., Duluth 
♦McDonald, Donald B., Duluth 
McDougall, A. Miller. Duluth 
*McGonagle, William A.. Duluth 
McGonagle Mrs. William A.. Duluth 
niendenhall, Luther. Duluth 
Miller, Charlotte V., Duluth 
♦Mitchell. Oscar, Duluth 
tMore, Dr. Charles W.. Erclcth 
Aelson, Andrew, Duluth 



45 



St. Louis (Continued) 

Nelson. P. H.. Diiluth . - 

*Newell, Horatio S., Duluth 
♦Olcott, William J., L)m/h/;i 
*Paine, Frederic \V., Duluth 
♦Pardee, John S., Duluth 
Parker, Dr. Owen W., Ely 
fPhelps, Hervey H., Duluth 
♦Prince, William I., Duluth 
♦Priridle,. William M., Duluth * . • 

*Quinn, Oement K., Duluth 
♦Ray, Philip L., Duluth 
Rood, Dr. Dana C, Duluth 
Rupley, George, Duluth 
St, Louis County Historical Society, 
Duluth 

Saxby, S. Valentine, Duluth 

tSchaefer, Peter, Ely ■ : - 

Sebenius, John U., Duluth 

Seeley, Henry G., Bizvabik ■ : . 

Sherwood, William C, Duluth 

♦SilUman, Arthur P., Hxhhing 

Smith, jMelford I., Hibbing f 

♦Spencer, Herbert R., Duluth 

Strj-ker, John D., Duluth 

Swanson, Mrs. Gladys A., Duluth 

Turner, Maynard \V., Duluth . -. 

Walker, James W^, Duluth 

nVashburn, Jed L., Duluth 

Weaver, Roger M., Duhith 

♦Webb, Francis J.. Duluth 

♦Weiss, Anton C., Duluth -. 

White, Robert M., Duluth 

♦WHiitman, George A., Evcleth n 

♦Willculs, Levi M.. Duluth ' 

nVilliams. John G., Duluth - • 

♦Wilson, Coryate S., Duluth 

Woodbridge, Dwight E., Duluth 



46 



^"^^,i^"blic Library 
Chisholm Public Library 
^uluth Pubhc Library ^ 
Eveeth High School' 

ive e h /v"''^^;^^ School 

Hibbing Public Librarv 
independent Srhnni ir, 1 ■ 
Independent Schor D' \ ^"^^^^ 
Inclependen Sc oo D nnW v"' ^^"'^^^^^^'^ 
Independent School 5 In \f 
Mountam Iron Public Ub^arv ^^^^^''^ 
^'h^^lT ^^""^^ ^-^d of Education. 
School_ District .Vo. 24 Biv^'ahih 
Virgmia Public Library ' 

Scott 

Casey, John E, Jordn^^ 
puffy, William V i^;^,., 

Sherburne 

N"o members 

Sibley 

^^o members 



Gaylord Public Schools 
Slearns 



47 



, V T tf! 



Stearns (Continued) 
Grannis, Samuel H., Si. Cloud 
Hoffmann, Rev. Alexius, Collcgcville 
♦Lewis, Dr. Claude B., St. Cloud 
Lufkin, Mrs. Harry P., St. Cloud 
McDonald, Sister Grace. St. Joseph 
fMayer, George F. T., St. Cloud 
♦Mitchell, William B., St. Cloud 
Moos. Mrs. Will, St. Cloud 
Schilplin, Mrs. Fred, St. Cloud - 
Steward, Darius, St. Cloud 
*Vasaly, Charles E., St. Cloud 



College of St. Benedict, St. Joseph 
Paynesville Public Library 
Paynesville Public Schools • - 

St. John's University, CollegevUle 
State Teachers College, St. Cloud 

Steele ^ f 

Brown, Minot J., Owatonna 
Melby, Dr. Benedik, Blooming Prairie 
Morehouse, Dr. Gucl G., Ozvaionna 
Peterson, Carl A., Blooming Prairie 
*Rask, Samuel A., Blooming Prairie 
Sawyer, Francis W., Owatonna 
Whiting, E. K., Ozvatonna 
Blooming Prairie High School 
Owatonna Public Library 

Stevens 

Darling, George F., Morris 
♦Hancock, Mrs. Frank A., Morris 
♦Jones, Edwin J., Morris 
Keating, Paul F., Hancock. - 



Morris Public Library 



48 



Swift 

Thornton, Frank C p 



Kerkhoven Public Schools 
Todd 
Salerbak, Weaver r 

Wood, E,ishrBri.^,7^,^rj;- 

Traverse 

Allanson, Georcr^ r rtn 

Lee, Mrs. U.^TlA'atoT''' 



Indepe^le,,, SchooT^.Hct, ^'o. 5.,,,,, 

Independent School District Xo, 3, rr/...., 
Wabasha 
^""o members 



wi'lf ?^^r?'^^ School 
Wabasha Public Library 

Wodena 

Aiurray, Asher, IVadem 
^Parker. W. E., Wadena 



Wadena Public Library 



49 



.^.-t ■ , ,/^^.'>,. 



"^mvrdson. M. Isabelle, Waseca 
Everett, E. A I ascca 
Lone Olney K., Janesvd c 
tSenn, Judge Fred W li' o..ca 
iward, Roscoe P.. 
Watson, Charles ascca _ 

Wilson. Mrs. Anna E.. Jancsvdle 

tDoe. Judge Alpheus E "^-^^^^ 
Sullivan, George H., 5111^^^ 
nVenze 1, Henry B., btilh^atcr 



Carnegie Public Library, StiUzcatcr 
Stillwater Public Schools 

Watonwan \{nf{rUa 
Reynolds, Mrs. James T Madclia 
♦Sucker, Adolph. Lru-i.Tc'i//^' 

^Bowman. Sclmyler C 

Gewalt, Chester A.. Brcckcnrxdye 
Johnson. Fred W., Brcckcnndge 
Tones Lewis E., Brcckcnndge 
Mangskau, Eugene H /^.ra-.nnd,. 
Pierce. Frank L.. Brrr^-rnnd^;. 
Schendel, Henry, Campbell 
♦Shirley. Halvor L.. /^rrrA-oirtrf^. 
Wyvell. Henry G., Brcckcnndge 

"^'muLs, Sister M, IVinona 
*lk'll Fred S., U mona 
Blair! Burr D.. U ntnna 
Finkelnburg. Judge Karl, ir.nona 
George, James M.. If 



50 



Gerlicher, Herman F., IVinona 

Grant, Marv, IVinona 

♦Heffron. Rt. Rev. Patrick R., Winona 

Hillyer, Willard L., Winona 

fKelly, Rt. Rev. Francis M., Winona 

*Kramer, Leonard F., Altura 

♦"Prentiss, Samuel L., Winona 

Sawyer, Albert \\'.. Winona 

Sheardown, Mabel L., Winona 

Smith, J. Russell, Winona 

♦Smith, Orrin F., Winona 

Tearse. Clarence D.. Winona 

Thompson, Paul P., Winona 

♦Watkins. Paul, IVinona 

Winona Association of Commerce 



Lewiston Public Schools 

State Teachers College, Winona 

Winona Public Library 

Wright 

♦Baldwin, Herbert A., Cokaio 
Lindsley, Frank H.. Delano 
Rosalie, Sister M.. Waverly 



Cokato Public School 

Independent School District Xo. 34, Dc 

Maple Lake Public Library 

Maple Lake Public Schools 

Monticello Public Schools 

Yellow Medicine 

♦=Lendc, Olai A.. Canhy 
Lokensgaard, Rev. Ole. Hanlcy Falls 
Mooney, John J., Granite Falls 
Olds, Lue A.. Granite Falls 



Canby Public Schools 



51 



Nonresident 

♦Albert, Allen D., Paris, III. 
♦Alvord, Clarence W., London, England 
Anderson, Frank M., Hanover, N. H. 
fAndrist, Dr. James \V., San Di-cgo, Cai 
♦Avery, Carlos, Nczv York 
Bailly, Edward C, Nczu York 
♦Baldwin, Mrs. Marie L. B., IVashhrgton, 
D. C. 

Bean, Thad S., FuUerton, Cal. 
♦Bernard, Walter L., Chicago 
♦Bernier, Henri J., Oakland, Cal. 
Best, William H., Boston 
Bjornstad, Gen. Alfred W., Fori Offuiha, 
Neb. 

♦Blakeley, Henry. Chicago 

Blegen. Carl W., Cincinnati. Ohio 

♦Breed, Rev. David R.. Pittsburgh, Pa. 

fBrett, Philip M.. Nczv York 

Brigham, Daniel M., Chicago 

Brown, Col. William C. Denver, Colo. 

♦Bushnell. David I., University, Va. 

♦Cannon, Henry W., Neio York 

Carotiiers, Wilhelmina E., Grand forks, N'. D. 

Carpenter, Charles W.. Ontario, Cal. 

Castle, C. E., Havana, N. D. 

Chatfield, Minotte E.. New Haven, Conn. 

Dark. Elizabeth K., Portland, Ore. 

tClark, John, Erie, Pa. 

♦Cotton, Joseph B., Nezv York 

♦Craig, Charles P., Washington, D. C. 

♦Crampton, Edwin C, Raton, N. M. 

Crawford, Lewis P., Bismarck, N. D. 

Dalton, William H., Chicago 

Daney, Mrs. Evalin E., Trout Lake, British 

Columbia 
Davis, John A., San Rafael, Cal. 
Davis, William S.. Exeter, N. H. 
De Greef, Charles W., Big Stone City, S. D. 



52 



nauser, .Mr,. Goode K., Fort IVorlh 

tGaus, John M., Madison, JVis 
Gaylord, Robert M., Rock old ill 
♦Gilbert Cass, AV:.. yory^ ' ' 
Goldsmith, Glenn W r^i j ^ . 
Colo ^^^orado Springs, 

Hart, Irving H., Cedar Falls, lo,.^ 
*Hanot''IV^°^Ai H.. Rock Island III. 
Hang. Rev. Alexander J. D., Grand Forks. 

*Hayes, Rev. S. Mills, Lincoln. Neb 
Heerman. Edward E., Devils Lake V n 

Hertz, Ruaoh Eagle Butte, S D 

H 11. Samuel, Seattle, Wash. 

♦How Jared Hillsboroucjh. Cal 
Humphrey, Edward P.. Hartford, Conn. 



63 



Nonresident (Continued) 

♦Hyde, James H.. Paris, Frmtcc 
Jacobscn, Gertrude, AVti' York 
♦Johnson, Charles G., Pasadena, Cat. 
♦Kenaston, Frederick E., Monrovia, Cal. 
Keve, Rev. Wilev A.. Lcavcnzuorth, Kan. 
Kimball, Mary B.. River Falls, Wis. 
King, Charles E.. Mihi-aukcc, Wis., 
Kirk, Lester K.. Detroit. Mieh. 
Knight, ^Irs. Frank W., Spencer, Iowa 
♦Konantz, Dr. Charles F., Los Angeles 
Kraft, Rev. Carl, Rock Island, III. 
Lange, Capt. O. F., Fort Benning, Ga. 
*La\vler, Bishop John J.. Lead, S. D. 
♦Lindley, Mrs. Erasmus C. Nezo York 
♦Longyear. Edmund J., AUadena, Cal. 
Lundberg. Gunnar E., Chicago 
Lyman, George R., Pasadena, Cal. 
McConnell, Henry, Walloon Lake, Mieh. 
♦^fcHose, James \V., Fargo, N. D. 
McLain, John S., Xewton Center. Mass. 
McXair, Clarence L, Dans7-ille, N. Y. 
Marshall. Capt. Lawrence W., Denver, Colo. 
♦Merriam, William R.. Washington, D. C. 
Mohlmann, Mrs. .Amelia. Long Island, A'. Y. 
Morehouse, Frances M!., Xezc York 
Murphy, Capt. James P.. Washington. D. C. 
Nangle. Heerman L. Devils Lake, N. D. 
Nash, John P.. Berkeley, Cal. 
♦Nelson, Mrs. Charles N., Santa Barbara, 
Cal. 

Norlie, O. M., Decorah, Iowa 
Norris, ^^rs. John M.. Oroz-ille, Wash. 
♦Xotestein. Wallace. Ithaca, K. Y. 
Oftedal. Henrietta, Prosser, Wash. 
♦Ogaard, Louis A.. Sacramento. Cal. 
Ohman, Hazel E.. Long Island, X. Y. 
Olmstead, Susan H., Nczc York 
Olson, Anna \'.. Regent, A'. D. 
Peterson, Rev. Herbert L., Ogema, Wis. 



64 



*Prefcit?'A • Sezvard, Neh 

*Sanet Richard, Camb^^ae \}^^^^^^^ 

i-^fi-le^^^^K^i^^^ ■ 

Snell. bopdSv!v1^t^^^^ 

^^^^^^^^^^ 

Ta3-Ior John \V., Hollywood,' Cal 

^Vat RX?t ^G^7/^ i^^'^' ^^^o. 

twhite.- Edwin E'":i!^4.S;.^;:^^f^^^''- 

VVoodworth Ernr^f P if « 'm. 

wVl^fi"' 9"i"^>' CA,V<,„„' 
Wulfing, John M., St. Louis, Mo 



55 



Honorary Members 

Abbatt, William, editor of the Magazine of 

History, Tarryiozi'n, N. Y. 
Avery, Elroy McKendree, historian, Xczv Port 

Richcy, Fla. 
Bryce, Rev. George, historian, Winnipeg, 

Manitoba 

Hart, Albert Bushnell, Eaton professor of the 
science of government, emeritus, Harvard 
University, Canihridge, Mass. 

Laut, Agnes C, historian, ll'assaic, N. Y. 

McMaster, John Bach, professor of American 
history, emeritus. University of Pennsyl- 
vania, Philadelphia 

Rowland, Dunbar, director of the ^lississippi 
Department of Archives and Historj', Jack- 
son, Miss. 

Turner, Frederick Jackson, professor of his- 
tory, emeritus, Harvard University, Madi- 
son, Wis. 

Corresponding Members 

Babcock, Kendric Charles, provost of the uni- 
versity and dean of the college of liberal 
arts and sciences, University of Illinois, 
Urbana, III. 

Bell, Charles Napier, Winnipeg, Manitoba 

Blackman. Elmer E., curator o\ the Nebraska 
State Historical Society, Lincoln, Neb. 

Burpee, Lawrence Johnstone, secretary for 
Canada of the International Joint Commis- 
sion, OttCuiV,, Ontario 

Burton, Garence Monroe, Detroit, Mich. 

Chase, Arthur Horace, Boston 



66 



Clarke Edith Emily, Syracuse V Y 
Connelley, William E secre^arv ;f .i. 

szs State Historical SocTett J^^"" 
Davidson Tpm^c v , ^'^i.^' Topeka, Kan. 

Greene P,'. f n ' Ontario 
vjreene, Evarts Boutell DpW,'ff rr . 

cal Department oMo^^rn' "l'^' 

i5>st,tut,o„ of ^v.suinls^'ta2i:::^l:^ 

Latin!' emerhu- (v T''/'^ P™f«sor of 

reseaVch Carnegie teT"' °/ 
ton, lFash!,,ffio,l n T °^ \\ ashing- 

Lindsay, Crawford, Quebec 



67 



Loeb, Isidor, professor of political science 
and dean of the school of commerce and 
finance, Washington Universit}-, St. Louis, 
Mo. 

Lummis. Charles Fletcher, Los Angeles 

McPherson, John Hanson Thomas, professor 
of history and political science, Univcrsity 
of Georgia, Athens, Ga. 

Meany, Edmond Steplien, professor of his- 
tory. University of Washington ; secretary 
of the Washington University State Histori- 
cal Society, Seattle, Wash. 

Mitchell, Dr. Walton I., Paon'ia, Colo. 

Moran, Thomas Francis, professor of history 
and economics, Purdue Universitv, Lafay- 
ette, Lid. 

Munro, Wilfred Harold, professor of Eu- 
ropean history, emeritus, Brown University, 
Providenec, R. /, 

Paltsits. Victor Hugo, chief of the division of 
American history and keeper of manuscripts, 
New York Puhlic Library, Forest Hills Gar- 
dens, Long Island, N. Y. 

Prcscott, Thomas J., Phoenix, Aric. 

Prud'homme. Judge Louis Arthur, St. Boni- 
face, Manitoba 

Quaife, Milo Milton, editor of the Mississippi 
Valley Llistorical Rezieiv: editor. Burton 
Historical Collection, Detroi!: Public Library, 
Detroit, Mich. 

Ramaley, Francis, professor of biology. Uni- 
versity of Colorado. Boulder, Colo. 

Reagan, Albert P., Cornfields-Grauados, Ariz. 

Riddle, John Wallace. Larmington, Conn.. 

Riley, Franklin Lafayette, professor of his- 
tory, Washington and Lee University. Lex- 
ington, Va. 

Robinson, Doane, Pierre, S. D. 



Sayille, Afarshall Howarr' r 

American archeolo^^ Coinmh^'°f''?°^ 
A'ezv Fork ^°^""ibia University 

'^tok^ri^idl^^^^ state 
IVis. ^\isconsin, Madison, 

Schmidt, Dr Otto T n • 

Shambaugh/Benj'a^k fShh - 
political science, Univer t . ^r?'""'""" °' 
penntendent of the =:V/fl It- .H"-'^: su- 

^ of Iowa, !oJ Cify fX " ^""''^ 

I^"-. geologist, Toronto 

W. Va ' g™Iog.st, .\!organtou.-„ 

Wisconsfn! MaduTP^^' ^-versity of 
Bloomingtin, iZ ' ^"^'^"^ University. 

So*;;!' ui^ivS^i^of 15 °^ "-'^ of 
t:'' Oregon 



69 



THandbook Series No. 4] 



MINNESOTA 
HISTORICAL SOCIETY 

ROLL OF MEMBERS 

AND OF 

SUBSCRIBING SCHOOLS AND LIBRARIES 




Saint Paul 
Published by the Society 
Hay, 1930 



OFFICERS 



Grv Stanton Ford, President 

Mrs. Charles E. Furness, First Vice President 

William W. Cutler, Second Vice President 

Solon J. Buck, Secretary 

Everett H, Bailey, Treasurer 

EXECUTIVE COUNCIL 

Ex Officio 



Theodore Christiansox, 

Governor 
Charles E. Adams, 

Lieutenant Governor 
Mike Holm, 

Secretary of State 



Ray p. Chase. 

State Auditor 
Julius A. Schmahl, 

State Treasurer 
Henry N. Benson, 

Attorney-general 



Elected 



James D. Armstrong 

Everett H. Bailey 

Solon J. Buck 

Ralph Budd 

Rev. William Busch 

Homer P. Clark 

William W. Cutler 

Burt W. Eato.n 

Guy Stanton Ford 

Mrs. Charles E. Fukness 

Edward C. Gale 

Harold Harris 

Julius E. Haycraft 

Thomas Hughes 

Frederick G. Ingeksoll 



Jefferson- Jones 
Victor E. Lawson 
William H. Lightner 
James M. McConnell 
William A. McGonagle 
George R. Martin- 
Mrs. James T. Morris 
Ika C. Oehler 
Victor Robertson 
Edward P. Saneorn' 
Lester B. SnrprrE 
Charles Stees 

Jo H.N R. SWANN 

Warren Upham 
Jfd L. Wasjihurn 



The e.xecii. e comniittcc consists of the president, the 
secretary, ihi treasurer, a!id two appointed members. 
WiiLiAM W. CuTi.LR and HaivOLd Harris. 



A 



Foreword 



The following lists contain the names of 1,551 
members of the Minnesota Historical Society 
and 185 subscribing schools and libraries. The 
membership list includes the names of 8 honor- 
ary, 47 corresponding, 1,476 active, and 20 in- 
stitutional members. The active members are 
further classified as 647 life members, 25 sus- 
taining members, and 804 annual members. The 
life members include 3 patrons and 25 contribut- 
ing-life members. Of the institutional members 
3 are classified as permanent and 17 as annual. 

Active membership is open to any one inter- 
ested on making application and paying the first 
.installment of dues. Annual members pay three 
dollars a year, sustaining members 'ten dollars 
a year, and the life membership fee is fifty dol- 
lars. Anyone who has paid dues as a sustaining 
member for six successive years or as an an- 
nual member for twenty successive years is en- 
rolled as a life member. The contribution of 
one thousand dollars or more to the permanent 
fund of the society or annual contributions of 
fifty dollars or more entitle the contributor to 
be enrolled as a patron. Life members making 
annual contributions of five dollars or more but 
less than fifty dollars are designated as coa- 
tributing-Iife members. 



Institutional membership is open to any club, 
society, or institution in the state interested in 
any pliase of its histor\-. Annual institutional 
members pay fees of three dollars a year, sus- 
taining institutional, of ten dollars a year, and 
the fee for permanent institutional membership 
is one hundred dollars. Honorary and corre- 
sponding members are elected by the executive 
council of the society. ^ 

All members of the society receive its cur- 
rent publications, and any school or library in 
the state is entitled to subscribe for them at the 
rate of tliree dollars a year. The right to vote 
at meetings of the society is restricted to active 
members and delegates representing institu- 
tional members. 

It is interesting to observe that the active 
members here listed reside in 78 of the 87 
counties of Minnesota, in 32 other states, and 
in three foreign countries. Of the twenty in- 
stitutional members. 2 are state organizations 
and the others are located in Blue Earth, Brown. 
Cook, Cottonwood, Crow Wing, Goodhue. Hen- 
nepin, Martin, Olmsted, Otter Tail, Ramsey, 
Renville, Rice, Roseau. St. Louis, and Winona 
counties. In only 5 counties of Minnesota— 
Benton, Grant, Mahomcn, Sherburne, and Todd 
— has the society neither members nor sub- 
scribers ; in 4 others — Koochicliing, Murray, 
Norm.an, and Wadena — there are no members : 
and in 15 others — Carver, Chippewa, Clear- 



2 



water, Cook, Faribault, Hubbard. Kanabec, 
Lake, NicoHet, Pennington, Pope, Roseau. 
Stevens, Waseca, and Watonwan — there are no 
subscribers. 

The members resident in Minnesota amount 
to 5.6 for each ten thousand of population ac- 
cording to the census of 1920. Ramsey county 
has the highest proportion of mem^bers to popu- 
lation, 14.8 for each ten thousand. Olmsted 
comes next with 11.7; followed by Hennepin. 
11.0: Brown. 9.9; Rice, 9.2; Cottonwood. 8.9: 
Lac qui Parle, 7.7; Blue Earth, 6.7; Anoka. 5.8: 
Winona, 5.7; IsUWc Lacs, 5.6; Steele, 5.5; and 
McLeod. 5.4. 



Explanation 



In the lists that follow the names of . 
patrons and contribiiting-life members are 
given first in alphabetical arrangements. 
These names are repeated, however, in the 
list of all active and institutional members 
and of subscribers arranged by counties. In 
this list institutional members are distin- 
guished by the use of small capitals and 
the subscribers are listed separately at the 
end of each group. Life and permanent in- 
stitutional members are designated by a star 
and sustaining members b}' a dagger. The 
names of the honorary and corresponding 
members will be found at the end of the lists. 



ROLL OF MEMBER.S AND OF 
SUBSCRIBING SCHOOLS 
AND LIBRARIES 



Revised to March 15, 1930 



Patrons 

Bell, Fred S., Winona 
Cutler, Edward H., St. Paul 
Noyes, Mrs. Charles P., St. Paul 

CONTRIBUTING-LIFE MEMBERS 

Allen, E. Floyd, Minneapolis 
Benjamin, Dr. Arthur E., Minneapolis 
Bcrnicr, Henri J., Oakland, Cal. 
Biakeley, Henry, Chicago 
Chapman, Joseph, Minneapolis 
Cochran, ]\Ioncrief M., St. Paul 
Coffman. Lotus D., Minneapolis 
Cutler. William W., St. Paul 
Farrington. Robert L, Bostmi, Mass. 
Furness. ]Mrs. Charles E., St. Paul 
Kenaston, Frederick E., Minneapolis 
Loring, Albert C, Minneapolis 
McGill, Mrs. Andrew R.. St. Paul 
iVrcGill, Robert C, St. Paul 
McGonagle. William A.. Ditluth 
Mavo, Dr. Charles H., Rochester 
Mavo, Dr. William J.. Rochester 
Pardee, John S., Duluth 
Prescott, Augustus S., Sheldon, lozi'a 
Rank, Mrs. Charles G., St. Paul 



5 



■■■ ■ -\' U:' L'-- ■■/!■ ■v"'!. 



Schwyzer, Dr. Arnold, St. Paul 
Swann, Jolui R., Madison 
Washburn, Jed L., Duluth 
Washburn, Airs. John, Minneapolis 
West, Willis M., Minneapolis 

Active and Institutional Members 
AND Subscribers 

Minnesota at Large 

♦Colonial Dames of America in Minne- 
sota 

♦Minnesota Daughters of the American 
Revolution 

Aitkin 

Abrahamson, Mrs. Robert L., Hill City 
♦Ayres, Horace B., Kimberly 

Aitkin Public Schools 
McGrath Consolidated School 

Anoka 

♦Caswell, Irving A,, Anoka 
Chase, Roc, Anoka 
♦DeLong, Scott H., Anoka 
♦Gates, Emily \\ Anoka 
♦Gillis, Frank, Anoka 
Reed, Arthur L., Anoka 
Salter, Mrs. F. L., Anoka 
Smith, O. E., Anoka 
Weaver, Mrs. J. L., Anoka 



Anoka Public Library 
Becker 

♦Comstock, John S., Detroit Lakes 
♦Holmes, Mrs. E. G., Detroit Lakes 



Huntley, Mrs. Sidney J., Fra-ee 
♦Watrin, Rev. Benno, Fonsford 
♦West, John K., Detroit Lakes 

Detroit Lakes Public Schools 
Frazee High School 

Beltrami 

Conley, Dr. Samuel L., Blackduck 
Ekman, C. E., Bemidji 
Jerdec. Rev. Lars J., Bemidji 
McPartlin, Francis J., Bemidji 

Bemidji Public Library 

Independent School District No. 7, Ueinidi' 
State Teachers College, Bemidji 

Benton 

No members 

Big Stone 

♦Randall, Dr. Benjamin U., Graceville 



Graceville Public Library 
Ortonville Public Library 

Blue Earth 

Blue Earth County Historical Society, 

Mankato 
Butler, Charles R., Mankato 
Fritz, Michael D., Mankato 
♦Hughes, Thomas, Mankato 
♦Hotaling, Herbert C, Maple ton 
Lloyd, Dr. Hiram J., Mankato 
Marston, William P., Lake Crystal 
J^iaiher, Oscar L.. Madison Lake 
♦Morehart. :Mrs. William J., Mankato 
Morris. Albert B., Mankato 
♦Palmer. George M., Mankato 
♦Pay, VN'iUiam H., Mankato 



7 



Blue Earth (Continued) 

Peterson, Charles V., Judson 
Roberts, Horace W., Monkalo 
*Scaring. Frederick L., Maiikato 
Smith, lienjamin D., Mankato 
Swain, Frank O., Lake Crystal 
*Tompkins, Isaac N., Mankato 
*Trne, Mrs. F. O.. Good Thunder 
Wilhird. William D., Mankato 
Wise, Charles E., Mankato 

Mankato Public Library 
Mapleton Public Library 
State Teachers College, Mankato 

Brown 

Beechcr, H. L., Nciv Ubn 

*Dahlberg, Robert C, Sprhuj field 

Davis, LeRoy G., Sleepy Eye 

*Fritschc, Dr. Louis A., Nciv Ului 

Gulbrandson, Harry, Ilanska 

Henningscn, Judge Nicolaus, Me7V Uhn 

Hummel. August, Nr7v Uhn 

Liesch, Phili]). New Uhn 

Meile, Adolph, Nczv Uhn . 

New Ulm Turnverf.in 

Ochs, A. C, Springfield . v 

Ochs, J. Anton, New Uhn 

Olsbn, A. 0._. New Uhn 

Olson, Lud\vi<2:, S prvui field 

Rounds Dr. William F.. Sleeky Eye 

Schlcudcr, Hugo O.. New Uhn 

*Scobie, FT. Frank. Sleepy Eye 

Seifert. Alexander, Springfield 

Starr, Fred, Nezv Uhn 

Steinhauscr. Albert, Neiv Uhn 

V\;gcl. Louis G., P'^ew Uhn 

Wild, August H., Springfield 



Dyckman Free Library, Sleepy Eye 



8 



Carlton 

Dodge, Clayton J., Moose Lake 
Green, John E., Carlton 
Hornby, Henry C, Cloqtict 
Samuelson. Oscar W., Carlton 
Schlenk, Hugo, Cloqnet 



Carlton High School 
Cloquet Public Library 

Carver 

Glaeser, Paul A., IVaconia 
Odell, William F.. Chaska 
Wessale, A. C, IVaconia 

Cass 

Nelson, Edna FL, Backus 



Cass Lake High School 

Chippewa 

*Lima, Dr. Ludvig R., Montezddco 
Mason, Rev. John M., Montevideo 
Nelson, A. P., Mavnard 
*Roe, Ludwig. Montevideo 
Smith, Dr. Leon, Montevideo 

Chisago 

^Anderson, Hjalmar. Rush City 
^Andrews. Raymond C. Lindstroni 
*Mvenson, Henry A.. Center Citv 
Wennerberg, S. Eernhard, Center' Cily 



Chisago Lake FLgh School, Center City 
Clay 

Comstock, Solomon G., Moorhead 
tnday, Airs. Julia B.. Hawlcv 
Gundcrson, Dora L, Moorhcud 
*Hawkinson, Ella A., Moorhead 



9 



yp, -ifM 5vi-.I >:Mij; 



Clay (Continued) 

McCubrey, Grosvenor D,, Moorhcad 
MacLean, Ray B., Moorhcad 
Nordlie, Herman C, Moorhcad 
Probstfield, Emily M., Moorhcad 
Sharp, Edgar E., Moorhcad 
*Trovaten, Austin A., BorncsvUle 



Concordia College, Moorhcad 

Moorhcad Public Library . ■ 

Moorhead Public Schools 

Rustad Consolidated School 

State Teachers College, Moorhcad 

Ulen Public Schools 

Clearwater 

*Kaiser, Albert, Baglcy 

Cook 

Bray, Newton J., Hovlaud 
Cook County Historical Society, Grand 
Mar a is 

Cottonwood 

♦Anderson, Jens, IVuidoin 

Annes, Judge Adrian W., IViudom 

Clark. Willis J.. IVindovi 

Cottonwood County Historical Society, 

Wvidom 
Fiiistad, Ole J., IVindoin 
Fisch, Michael L., Jf^'vidom 
♦Gillam, Charles W.JViudom 
Gillam, Edward E., JFi)ido}n 
Hammerstad. Ole M.. VVindom 
Liesenfeld, Jacob, Comjrcy (p. o.) 
Parso, Frank L., IVindoiu 
Quevli, Andrew A., IVindom 
Ivupp, John J., IVindom 



10 



Storden Consolidated School No. 50 
VVindom High School 
Windom Public Library 

Crow Wing 

*Adanis. Cuvler. Dccrzcood 
Bronson, Mrs. Martha A., Mcrrif^Id 
Crone, Alfred J., Decrwood 
Crow _ Wing County Historical Society 
Braincrd ' 
Davison, Joseph H., Braincrd 
Johnson, Levi, Braincrd 
Kinder, Judge Louis B., Braincrd 
Afasson, Dorothy E.. Dccrivood 
Ryan, Clement k., Braincrd 
Stone, George H., Braincrd 
Von Hagen. Mrs. Martha W., Croshx 
nVhite, William C, Dccrzi'ood 



^ Brainerd Public Library 
Crosby Public Library 
Crosby-Ironton High 'School 
Ironton Public Library 

Dakota 

Clark, Charles W., South St. Paul 
Cooney, Tom, Blastings 
Day, Dr. George R.". Farmington 
Dodge, Dr. Warren AL, Jr., Farmiy.aton 
Le Due, Alice S., Blastings 



Farmington Public Schools 
South St. Paul Public Library 

Dodge 

*Parkcr, James LL. Kasson 



Hayfield Public Sch.ools 



11 



...} 



Douglas 

Larson, Constant, Alexandria 



Alexandria Public Library 

Faribault 

Clark, Oliver J., Blue Earth 
♦Fowler, Anita, IVinucbago 
*Putnam. Frank E., Blue Earth 
Ross, W. E. C, Bine Earth 

Fillmore 

Haven, George A., Chatfield 



Cbatfield Public Library 

Freeborn 

Cliase, Homer B., Albert Lea 
Jensen, Hans W., Albert Lea 
Johnson, Judge Andrew W., Albert Lea 
*Meighen, Judge John F. D.. Albert Lea 
Nannestad, Dr. Jonas R., Albert Lea 



Albert Lea Public Library 
Goodhue 

♦Anderson, Alexander P., Red Wing 
Aslakson, Peter S., Cannon Falls 
Densmore, Frances, Red Wing 
Fagerstrom, Mrs. Allen W., Red Wing 
GoonHUE County Historical Society, Red 
Wing 

♦Putnam, William H., Red Wing 
Rasmussen, C. A., Red Wing 
Scofield, Fred W., Cannon Falls 



Cariiegie-Lawthcr Library, Red Wing 
Central High School. Red Wing 
Van Horn Public Library, Pine Island 
Wanamingo Public School 



12 



Grant 

No members 



Hennepin 

♦Abbott, Howard S., Minneapolis 
Adams, Arthur T., Minneapolis 
♦Adams, R. H., Minneapolis 
♦Ahlstrom, Louis J., Jr., Minneapolis 
♦Aldrich, Chilson D., Minneapolis 
Alexander, Jean H.. Minneapolis 
♦Allen, E. Floyd, Mintueapolis 
American Legion, Business anu Pkofes 
SIGNAL jMen's Post, No. 332, Minneapolis 
♦Anderson, Edward D., Minneapolis 
Anderson, Theodore W., Minneapolis 
Anderson, William, Minneapolis 
♦Andrews, Arthur C, Minneapolis 
♦Arey, Dr. Hugh C, Excelsior 
Armatage, Arthur W., Minneapolis 
Arnold, Oswald J., Minneapolis 
Arthur, LIugh, Minneapolis 
Aslakson, John S.. Minneapolis 
♦Atkinson, Frederick G., Minneapolis 
♦Babcock, Willoughby M., Minneapolis 
♦Backus, Mrs. Edward W., Minneapolis 
♦Baker, Albro A., Minneapolis 
♦Baldwin, Herbert A., Minneapolis 
Barber, De Witte N.. Minneapolis 
Bard, Caldusarius, Hopkins 
Barney, Mrs. Fred E., Minneapolis 
Beardsley, Benjamin F,, Minneapolis 
♦Bell, James F.. Minneapolis 
Benedict. Mrs. Walter L., Minneapolis 
♦Benjamin. Dr. Artliur E., Minneapolis 
fBennett, Russel ^[., Minneapolis 
Bcrglund, Dr. Hilding, Mi)ineapolis 
Billman, Dan E., Minneapolis 
Blakey. !\Irs. Roy G., Minneapolis 
Bleecker, George' ^L. Minneapolis 
Blegen, Anne H., Minneapolis 



13 



Hennepin (Continued) 

i'Booth, Judge Wilbur F., Miuncapolis 
*Bossen, Christian A., Minneapolis 
*Bothne, Gisle, Minneapolis 
*Bovey, Mrs. Charles C, Minneapolis 
Bovey, William ¥L., Minneapolis 
*Bo\ve, John, Minneapolis 
Boynton, Dr. Ruth E., Minneapolis 
*Breiriner, William H., Minneapolis 
*Brevick, Harald K., Minneapolis 
Brezler, Anne P., Minneapolis^ 
Briggs, Charles H., ]\HnncapoUs 
Brill, Josiah E., Minneapolis 
Brooke, Clinton L., Minneapolis^ 
*Brooks, Anson S., Minneapolis 
*Brooks, Paul A„ Minneapolis 
Brooks, IMrs. Robert L., Minneapolis 
*Brooks, ;Mrs. William F., Minneapolis 
Brown, Dan C. Minneapolis 
Brown, Dr. Edward J., Mi'iinea f^olis 
Brown, Edward P., Minneapolis 
Brown, Edwin H., Minneapolis 
*Buck, Solon J., Minneapolis _ 1 
Burrill, ^Margaret C, MinntopoHs 
*Burton; Hazel, Excelsior 
Burton, Ward C, Minneapolis 
Bussey, Mrs. William H.. Minneapolis 
*Butters, Frederick K., Minneapolis 
Byard, Lee B., Minneapolis 
♦Byrnes, Mrs. William J., Minneapolis 
♦Campbell, Alexander. Minneapolis 
*Cant, Harold G., Miiuieapolis 
♦Carpenter, Elbert L.. Minneapolis 
♦Carpenter. Mrs. William I.. M iinieapolis 
*Case, Charles T\L, Minneapolis 
♦Case, Giarlcs !M., ^[i)lnea polls 
Chadbourn, Rodney W., ML>:neapoHs 
Cliamberlain, Francis A., M i)inLa['Olis 
Champine, Mrs. Emogene D., Mi)ineapolis 



.> *Chapman, Joseph, Minneapolis 

♦Chatfield. 5vlrs. Edward C, Minneapolis 
*Cherry, Wilbur H., Minneapolis 
♦Chesley, Dr. Albert J., Minneapolis 
♦Christian, Mrs. George C, Minneapolis 
Chute, Fred B., Minneapolis 
Chute, Louis P., Minneapolis 
Chute, William Y., Minneapolis 
Clark, Frank E., Minneapolis 
Clark, Lawrence S.. Minneapolis 
Clark, Olive J., Minneapolis 
Cleveland, Anna J., Minneapolis 
♦Coffman, Lotus D.. Minneapolis 
♦Collins, Louis L., Minneapolis 
Collins, Stewart G., Minneapolis 
♦Comstock, Elting H., Minneapolis 
♦Coolidge, Mrs. I\Iarsb.all H., Minneapoli 
Corbett, Dr. James F.. Minneapolis 
Core, Harold C, Minneapolis 
♦Countryman, Gratia A.. Minneapolis 
Crane, Archibald A., Minneapolis 
Crocker, Theodore D.. Minneapolis 
♦Crosby, Albert H.. Minneapolis 
Crosby, Caroline M., Minneapolis 
♦Crosby, Franklin M., Minneapolis 
I ♦Crosby, Franklin M., Jr., Minneapolis 

: ♦Crosby, John, Minneapolis 

Cross, Norton M.. Minneapolis 
j Crounse, Mrs. Avery F.. Minneapolis 

I *Currie, William A., Minneapolis 

J Dain, James M., Mi)ineapolis 

I Daniel, Mrs. Jeannette M., Minneapolis 

\ Davis, Charles A., Minneapolis 

I *Dayton, George D., Minneapolis 

? ♦Dayton, G. Nelson, Minneapolis 

f Dean, Alfred J., Minneapolis 

j Dean, Mrs. Alfred J.. Minneapolis 

I Dearing, Christopher R., Minneapolis 



14 



15 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Deaver, Charles F., }[inneapohs 
^Decker. Wilbur F, Minneapolis ^ 
De Laittre. Joseph A.. Muincapohs 
*Deming, Fortius C, Minneapolis 
Denison, S. Virginia, Minneapolis 
*Dodge, Louis L., Minneapolis _ 
*Douglas, George P., Minneapolis 
♦Douglas, Mrs. George P., Minneapolis 
♦Douglas. Henry F., Minneapolis 
♦Drake, Beniamin, Minneapolis 
Drake, Dr. Charles R., Minneapolis 
Dunsmoor, Dr. Frederick A., Minneapolis 
Durst, William A., Minneapolis. 
Eastman, W'eiles. Minneapolis 
♦Edgar, William C, Minneapolis 
Edwards. Dewitt C, Minneapolis _ 
♦Eitel, Mrs. Jeanette E., Minneapolis 
♦Ellingsen, Agnes E.. Minneapolis 
tElliott, Judge Charles B., Minneapolis 
♦Ellison, James H., Minneapolis 
Elwell, James T., Minneapolis^ 
Erikson, Henry A., Minneapohs 
Everett, Guv W., Minneapolis 
Fahr. Dr. George E., Minneapolis 
♦Faries. Aime G., Minneapolis 
Fish, Dr. Lawrence J.: Minneapohs 
♦Flannery, George P., Minneapolis \ 
Flannery, Henry C, Minneapolis 
Fletcher, Abbott L., Minneapolis 
♦Fletcher. Frank F., Minneapolis 
Fogg. Mrs. Eugene. Minneapolis 
tFolwell. Yi^ry H., Minneapolis 
Foote, Henry G., }[inneapolis 
♦Ford, Guv S., Minneapolis 
Forrest, Victor R., Minneapolis 
♦Foshav, Wilbur B., Afinnea polls 
Foss. Eli7rd)eth H.. Minneapolis ^ 
Frances Rita, Sister, Minneapolis 



16 



Eraser, Everett, Minneapolis 
Eraser, William T., Minneapolis 
French, William A., Minneapolis 
Fuller, Milton P., Minneapolis 
♦Gale, Edward C, Minneapolis 
♦Gardner, Dr. Edwin L., Minneapolis 
Gardner, Herbert M., Minneapolis 
♦Gaylord, Edson S., Minneapolis 
Gerecke, Dr. Frank T., Minneapolis 
Gill, Michael J., Minneapolis 
Gillette, George M., Minneapolis 
♦Gluek, Charles, Minneapolis 
♦Gluek, Eugene J., Minneapolis 
♦Gluek, Louis, Minneapolis 
Goetzenberger, Ralph L., Minneapolis 
Gold, Mary S., Minneapolis 
Goodrich, Herbert H.. Minneapolis 
Gotshall, Cliarles J., Minneapolis 
jGouId, Mrs. Alice M., Minneapolis 
Gulbrandsen, Oscar, Minneapolis 
Gulbransen, ]VIrs. Alfred, Minneapolis 
Haggerty, Melvin E., Minneapolis 
♦Hamilton, Dr. Arthur S., Minneapolis 
♦Hancock, Lucius A., Minneapolis 
Hansen, Alvin H., Minneapolis 
fPIansen, Dr. Erling W., Minneapolis 
Hare, Dr. Earle R., Minneapolis 
♦Harper, Mrs. Joseph L., Minneapolis 
Harrison, George, Minneapolis 
Harrison, Jolm ^L, Minneapolis 
♦Harrison, Gen.. Perry, Excelsior 
Harsh, George W., Minneapolis 
Head, Dr. George D., Minneapolis 
Heaton, Herbert, Minneapolis 
♦Hendrickson, Mrs. Eugene A., MinucjpoUs 
Henxepix County Medical Sochitv, Min- 
neapolis 

♦Henry, Mrs. Louise M., Minneapolis 
♦Her rick, Ulysses G., Minneapolis 



17 



Hennepin (Continued) 

♦Hewitt, Edwin H., Minneapolis 
Heywood, Frank, Minneapolis 
Hicks, Mrs. Charles C, Minneapolis 
*Hill, Horace M., Minneapolis 
Hitchcock, Hiram M., Minneapolis 
Hodgkins, Charles O., Minneapolis 
Hoidalc, Einar, Minneapolis 
Hoke, George, Minneapolis 
Holbrook, Mrs. Franklin G., Minneapolis 
Holl, Dr. Peter M., Minneapolis 
♦Holt, Judge Andrew, Minneapolis 
Hoshour, Harvey, Minneapolis 
Howard, Charles B., Minneapolis _ 
Howard, Harold P., Minneapolis 
Howard, John R., Minneapolis 
Hughes, Twiford E., Minneapolis 
Husbands, Joseph D., Minneapolis 
♦Hutchinson, Mrs. John C, Minneapolis 
Hutchinson, Oliver D., Minneapolis 
Hyde, Dr. Walter L., ?\Hnneapolis 
Ingmundson, Roy P., Minneapolis 
Jackson, Anson B., Minneapolis 
Jackson, Dunham, Minneapolis 
Jackson, i^Ianly S., Minneapolis 
Jackson, Raymond A., Minneapolis 
Jaeger, Mrs. Luth, Minneapolis 
♦Jagcr, John, Minneapolis 
Joluison, Edward M., M i)ineapoHs 
♦Johnson, Esther, Minneapolis 
Johnson, H. O., Minneapolis 
♦Johnson, William C. Minjieapolis 
♦Johnston, Jolin B., Minneapolis 
Jones, Carl W., Minneapolis 
♦Jones, Jefferson, Hopkins 
Jones, Roy C, Minneapolis 
Jones, Dr. William A., Minneapolis 
♦Kenaston, Frederick E., Aruineapolis 
Keycs, Charles F., Minneapolis 



18 



Kimball, Mrs. Edward J., Minneapolis 

Kingman, Joseph R.. Minneapolis 

Klein. Mrs. William L., Minneapolis 

♦Klint, Anna ^I. S., Minneapolis 

Knapp, Dr. Miland A., Minneapolis 

Koenig, Dr. Alfred E., Minneapolis 

Krausnick, Gertrude, IVayzata 

Krey, August C, MiJineapolis 

Kunze, William F., Minneapolis 

tLambic, Morris B.. Minneapolis 

♦Lane, George B., Minneapolis 

Langdon, Cavour S.. Minneapolis 

fLarson, Charles J., Minneapolis 

LaVake, Dr. Rae T., Minneapolis 

Leach, Gen. George E., Minneapolis 

Leach, Walter C, Mi)ineapolis 

Leary, Judge William C, Minneapolis 

Leland, Ora Minneapolis 

Leslie, John, M inneapolis 

♦Lind. John, Minneapolis 

♦Lindley, Mrs. Clarkson, Minneapolis 

Lindsley, Mrs. W. S., Minneapolis 

Linton. Mrs. William B., Minneapolis 

Long, Olney K., Mo-und 

♦Longfellow, Beatrice M.. Minneapolis 

♦Longfellow, Grace M., Minneapolis 

♦Loring, Albert C. Minneapolis 

Lovelace, Mrs. Dclos W., Wayzaia 

Loye. Albert B., Minneapolis 

Lucas, Donald T., Minneapolis 

♦Lutz, Richard W\, Minneapolis 

Lyman, Frederick W., Minneapolis 

♦Lynch, Dr. Matthew J., Minneapolis 

♦Lyon, Charles B., Minneapolis 

♦IvfcClintock, Henry L., Minneapolis 

♦McClintock, Mrs. Henry L., Minneapolis 

McClintock, Oliver B., Minneapolis 

McElwain, Rt. Rev. Frank A., Minneapolis 

tMacgregor, Robert E., AfinneapolLs 



19 



I 



I 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Mackall, Henry C, Minneapolis 
*Maclean, Jolin G., Minneapolis 
Macmillan, Albert S.. Minneapolis 
Macmillaii, Cargill, Minneapolis 
McMillan, Emily 1)., Mimicapolis 
*MacMillan, John H., Minneapolis 
*Mc]Millan, Putnam D., Minneapolis 
McWhorter, L. N., Minneapolis 
Malrastcdt, Mrs. Charles H., Minneapolis 
Martin, Mrs. Charles J., Min-nea polls 
*Martin, George R,, Minneapolis 
*Mattson, Edgar L., IVildhursl 
Mayo, R. J., Hopkins 
Michener, Carroll K., Minneapolis 
*Aliller, Arthur, Minneapolis 
*Miller, Lucian C, Minneapolis 
*Miller, Orange S., ChampUn 
Miner, Julius E., Minneapolis 
Mitchell, Mrs. Edward E., Minneapolis 
Mo, Mrs. Knud E., Minneapolis 
Moos, Dr. Louis C. Minneapolis 
Moran. Mrs. Brett, Minneapolis 
*Morris, !Mrs. James T., Minneapolis 
Morris, William B., Minneapolis 
Morse, Minnie F., Minneapolis 
Morse, Jvlrs. W'illard W., Minneapolis 
Mortenson, Gerda, Minneapolis 
*Morton, !Mrs. Howard M., Minneapolis 
Mover. Katherine, Minneapolis . . , 
Neill. Minnesota, Miwieapolis 
*Nelson, Edward, Minneapolis 
*NeIson, Guy H., Minneapolis 
Nelson, William E., Miinieapolis 
Newhart, Dr. Horace, Minneapolis- 
Nicholson, Edward E., M i^Diea polls 
Noe, Mrs. George I)., Min)ieapolis 
Nordin, Elsa R., Minneapolis 
^Nortliup, Mrs. William G., M inneapolis 



tNyman, Mel R., Minneapolis 
■} *Oakes, Luther S., Minneapolis 

Odland, Martin W., Robbinsdale 
Olin, Alvah M., Minneapolis 
I Olson, Dr. Olof A., Minneapolis 

{ Orcutt, Wright T., Minneapolis 

I Osgood, Ernest S., Minneapolis 

t Owen, Harry N., Minneapolis 

I Pabody, E. Fitch, Minneapolis 

; *Palmes, !Mary E., Minneapolis 

\ Pardee, Mrs. Neely E., Minneapolis 

\ *Parsons, E. Dudley, Minneapolis 

1 ^Partridge, George H., Minneapolis 

^Partridge, Harvey E., Minneapolis 
Partridge, Stanley, Minneapolis 
*PauI, Amasa C, Minneapolis 
Petri, Ruth J., Minneapolis 
tPhelps, Mrs. Louise R., Minneapolis 
Pickett, Victor G., Minneapolis 
I *Pillsbury, Alfred F., Minneapolis 

I* *Pillsbury, Airs. Charles S., Minneapolis 

Plimpton, Russell A., Minneapolis 
^ Pollock, Robert L., Minneapolis 

I Potter, Franc AL. Minneapolis 

f *Prince, Frank M., Minneapolis 

I Quist, Peter P., Minneapolis 

j Quist, Walter P., Minneapolis 

I *Rankin, Albert W., Minneapolis 

j Read, Rev. Richard S., Minneapolis 

*Record, James L., Minneapolis 
Reed, Mrs. Fred W., Minneapolis 
Rees, James H.. Minneapolis 
Reeve, Gen. Charles 2^L, Minnelonka Bcaci 
, Reeve, ]Mrs. Charles }iL, Minnetonka Becct 

Remington. Mrs. William W., Minnecpolis 
♦Reynolds, William A.. Minneapolis 
Richards, Bergmann. Minv.ea polls 
Riheldaffer. John H., Minneapolis 
*Roan. Dr. Carl M., Minneapolis 



20 



21 



Hennepin (Continued) 

*Robb, Walter C, Minneapolis 
Roberts, Thomas C, Minneapolis 
*Roberts, Dr. Thomas S., Minneapolis 
Robinson, Harry L., Minneapolis 
Rockwood, Chelsea J., Minneapolis 
Rogers, Arthur R., Minneapolis 
Rogers, William F., Mi)incapol{s 
*Roosen, Charles G., Minneapolis 
Ropes, Horace, Minneapolis 
Rowley, Ruth J., Minneapolis 
Rubins, Harry W., Minneapolis 
Ruud, Martin B., Minneapolis 
Sanders, Fred H., Minneapolis 
Sardeson, Frederick W., Minneapolis 
*SatterIee, Marion P., Minneapolis 
♦Schutz, Wallace J., Minneapolis 
*SearIe, Augustus L., Minneapolis 
Selover, Arthur W., Minneapolis 
*Shaw, William E. V., Minneapolis 
Shearer, Mrs. James D., Minneapolis 
*SheffieId, Benjamin B., Minneapolis 
Shenehon, Francis C, Minneapolis 
Shephard, William H., Minneapolis 
Shirk, Cecil W^, Minneapolis 
*Shutter, Rev. Marion D., Minneapolis 
Sigcrfoos, Charles P., Minneapolis 
♦Simmons, Myron K., Minneapolis 
Simons, Dr. Jalmar H.. Minneapolis 
Simonson. Adolph C. Minneapolis 
♦Slocum, Albert M., Minneapolis 
*Smith, Edward E., Minneapolis 
Smith. F. Carleton. Minneapolis 
♦Smith, Jolm L., Minneapolis ' 
♦Smith, Joseph E., Minneapolis 
Smith, Mar}' C, Minneapolis 
Smith, ]3r. Norman M.. Minneapolis 
♦Smith, Stelle S., Minneapolis ^ 
♦Snyder, Fred B., Minneapolis 



Stccfel, Lawrence D., Minneapolis 
Stephenson, George M., Minneapolis 
♦Stevens, Henry G., Minneapolis 
Stevenson, Hugh R., Minneapolis 
Stevenson, Russell A., Miinneapolis 
Stilson, George E., Minneapolis 
♦Stilwell, Eugene J., Minneapolis 
♦Strachauer, Dr. Arthur C, Minneapolis 
Strobridge, Mrs. Alice R., Minneapolis 
= Strong, Mrs. Albert W., Minneapolis 

Strout, Dr. G. Elmer, Minneapolis 
Struck, Paul H., Minneapolis 
♦Sudduth, William H., Minneapolis 
Sundean, Amanda J., Minneapolis 
Sutherland, James B., Minneapolis 
Sverdrup, George, Minneapolis 
Swanson, Roy W., Minneapolis 
♦Sweetser, Dr. Horatio B., Minneapolis 
♦Swendsen, Carl ]., Minneapolis 
Swenson, Mrs. David F., Minneapolis 
Swenson, Erling, Minneapolis 
Taylor, George R., Minneapolis 
♦Thompson, Faith, Minneapolis 
Thompson, Paul J., Minneapolis 
Thomson, Kenneth W., Maple Plain 
Thurston, Airs. James, Minneapolis 
I ♦Timberlake, Byron H., Minneapolis 

\ ♦Tirrell, Mrs. John M., Excelsior 

1 ♦Todd, Mrs. Frank C. Wayzata 
\ Torrance, Judge Ell. Minneapolis 

j *Tow}er, Silas H., Minneapolis 

♦Truesdale. Mrs. Hiram C, Minneapolis 
Tubbs, William C, Minneapolis 
tTurnquist, Dr. Clarence H.. Minneapolis 
♦Ueland. Judge Andreas, Minneapolis 
Underwood, Eli/.abeth, Minneapolis 
Van Campen, Charles H.. Minneapolis 
♦Van Clevc, Carl E.. Minneapolis 
♦Van Dcrlip, John R., Minneapolis 



22 



23 



Hennepin (Continued) 

Van Sant, Samuel R., Minneapolis 
*Vaiighan, James A., Minneapolis 
*Verbrugghcn, Henri, Minneapolis 
Voss, Rev. Anders K., Minneapolis 
Waitc, Judge Edward F.. Minneapolis 
*\Vakeman, Jesse H., Mi)i)ieapolis 
* Wales, Charles E., Minneapolis 
*Walker, Hudson D,, Minneapolis 
♦Wallace, Thomas P., Minneapolis 
Walrath. Mrs. E. M.. Minneapolis 
Ware, Dorothy F., Minneapolis 
♦Warner, Amos L., Minneapolis 
*Warren, Mrs. Frank M., Minneapolis 
♦Washburn, Airs. John. Minneapolis 
*W^aters, Glen M., Minneapolis 
Webb, Robert W., Minneapolis 
♦Webster, George B., Minneapolis 
Weesner. Harvey R., Minneapolis 
♦W'ells, Frederick B., Mi)i}ieapolis 
♦Wells, Leonard H., Mi):)ieapolis 
Wendell. Rev. Claus A., Minneapolis 
West, Alargaret, Minneapolis 
♦West. Willis M., Minneapolis . , 

Wheeler, Weaker H., Minneapolis 
♦White, Albert B., Minneapolis 
♦Whitmore, Alice E.. Minneapolis 
Whitney, Lt. Col. Alfred C, Min}ieapolis 
♦Whitney, Mrs. William C, Minneapolis 
Wiethoff, Dr. Charles, Minneapolis 
Williams, Charles R,, Minneapolis 
♦Wilson, Airs. George S., Minneapolis 
♦Wirth, Theodore. Minneapolis 
W'isncr, Airs. Oscar D.. Minneapolis 
♦Wold. Olga W. AL, Minneapolis 
Wolford. William L., Minneapolis 
♦W^ood, Dr. Douglas P.. Minneapolis 
\Vuriing, Frederick J., Minneapolis 



24 



Yaeger, Harry, Excelsior 
Youngdahl, Erail S., Minneapolis 
*2onne, Ary E., Minneapolis 



Augsburg Seminnry, Minneapolis 

filake Scliool, Minneapolis 

Central High School, Minneapolis 

Edison High School, Minneapolis 

Excelsior Public Schools 

Federal Reserve Bank, Minneapolis 

Alinneapolis Public Library (14) 

North High School, Min> icat'olis 

Northrop Collegiate School," Minneapolis 

Robbinsdale Public Schools 

University High Sciiool, Minneapolis 

Wayzata High School 

Wayzata Public Library 

West High School, Minneapolis 

Houston - ; 

Duxbury, Francis A., Caledonia 
Duxlvury, Lloyd L., Caledonia 
Fladager, Arnold, Spring Croze 
Johnson. Rev. Alfred 6., Sprinn Crcvc 
Rosendahl, Oliver P.. Spring Grove 
Stewart, Airs. Ruth P., Caledonia 



Spring Grove Higli School 

Hubbard 

♦Stone, Plerbert B., Park Rapids 
Taber, W illiam AL, Pari: Rapids 
Wright, Clay P., Park Rapids 

Isanti 

Gable, Tliomas ]., Grandy 



Cambridge Public Schools 



4, ' ■ ' 



Itasca 

Alton, George B., Grand Rapids 
♦McCarthy, Chauncy C, Grand Rapids 
*Mace, Henry A., Marble 
Van Dyke, John A., Colera>ine 



Carnegie Public Library, Coleraine 

Grand Rapids Public Library 

Independent School District No. 9, Kceivatin 

Marble Public Library 

School District No. 1, Grand Rapids 

Jackson 

Nicholas, Edwin H., Jackson 
Prokes, Joseph N., Jackson 



Jackson High School 

Kanabec 

Augustson, John, Mora 
*Pope, Jacob C, Mora 

Kandiyohi 

Broiiaugh, George O., Wilhvar 
Carlson, Mrs. A. C, Wilhnar 
Hong, Peter B., Willtnar 
*La\vson, Victor E., Wilhnar 
*Qvale. Gauthe E., IVillmar 
Swenson, Charles A., Atwatcr 



New London Public Schools 
Willmar Public Schools 

Kittson 

♦Lindegard, Axel, Flallock 



Lancaster Consolidated School 



2G 



Koochiching 

No members 



International Falls Public Library 

Lac qui Parle 

*Dale, Ole G., Madison 
♦Jacobson, Jacob F., Madison 
John son, Dr. Carl AI., Daivsor^ 
Johnson, Dr. Herman :M., Daivson 
Larson, Oscar J., Madison 
*Nelson, Obert R., Madison 
Reyerson, John E., Dan-son 
*Soderberg, Nathaniel F., Madison 
Stemsrud, Martin A., Madison 
*Swann, John R., Madison 
Thiele, Charles F., Madison 
Westby, Dr. Ncls, Madison 



Carnegie Library, Madison 
Lake 

*Scott, Judge William E., Tzi-o Harbors 

Lake of the V/oods 

Northby, Arwood S., Baudcttc 



Independent School District No. Ill, Be 
dette 

Le Sueur 

Dressel, Dr. Howard C, Lc Sueur 



Montgomery Public Schools 
Lincoln 

*Magandy, Gwendolyn E.. Tyler 



Hendricks Public Schools 
Lyler Public Schools 



27 



>4 

.J 



Lyon 

Bjornson, Gunnar B., Minncola 
Hall, James H., Marshall 
Mathews, Marvin E., Marshall 
Otterstad, Rev. Nels L., Collonivood 
Richardson, J. E., Tracy 
*Rose, Arthur P., Marshall 
Sharratt, Roy, Lynd 



Carnegie Public Library, Marshall 

McLeod 

♦Allen, Franklin R., Glcncoe • 
Anderson, Sam G., Hutchinson 
*Avery, Perc}^ E., Hitfchinson 
Beach, Spurgeon S., Hitfchinson 
Eheim, Joseph M., Hutchinson 
*Gilbert, Luther \V., Glcncoe 
Greaves, Jay J., Glcncoe 
Krcnek, Rev. Jo^^eph, Silver Lake 
Merrill, Wallace O., Silver Lake 
*White, Mrs. Sophie P., Hutchinson 
♦Zrust, Mrs. John, Glcncoe 



Brownton Public Schools 
Glencoe Public Schools 
Hutchinson Public Library 
Hutchinson Public Schools 
Silver Lake Public Schools 

Mahnomen 

No members 

Marshall 

♦Blegen, Dr. Halhvard M., Warren 
fBratrud, Dr. Hicodor, IVarren 
Helland, Mrs. licrnice P., Argyle 
Holcn, N. A., Argyle 



28 



Melgaard, O. L., Argyle 
Pendcrgast, Jessie M., Argyle 



Strandquist Public Schools 
Martin 

Flygare, Edward R.. Fairmont 
*Haycraft, Judge Julius E., Fairmont 
=^Hunt, Dr. Ferd X., Fairmont 
Keithahn, Rollo C.. Fairmont 
Martin County FIistorical Society, Fai 
mont 

Nelson, Major Arthur M., Fairmont 
♦Porter, Clayton A., Fairmont 



Fairmont High School 

Fairmont Public Library 

Independent School District No. 29, Ceylon 

Ftfeeker 

Peterson, H. L, Litchfield 
^Schumann, Martin C. F., Litchfield 



Litchfield Public Library 

Mille Lacs 

Aithaus, Floyd A., Isle 
Ayer, Harry D.. Onmnia 
Blair, Burr D., Onamia 
*Caley, Dr. Guy R.. Princeton 
Hamer, Jvichard, Milaca 
McMillan. Elvero L., Princeton 
♦Morton. Rufus P., Princeton 
Moses, W. S., Onamia 



Princeton Public Library 



29 



Morrison 

*Musser, Richard D., Little Falls 
Palmer, Holger E., Lincoln 



Carnegie City Library, Little Falls 
Little Falls High School 

Mower 

*Banfielcl, Nathan F., Austin 
*Mitchell, J. L.. Austin 
Nelson, Martin A.. Austin 
Steffens, Orson R., Racine 



Le Roy Public Library 

Murray 

No members 



Slayton Public Schoojs 

Nicollel 

*Benson, Henry N., St. Peter 
Johnson, Oscar J., St. Peter 
Laumann, Laura S., St. Peter 
Moll, Judge Henry, St. P.eter 
^Peterson, Conrad, St. Peter 
Stark, Mrs. H. L., St. Peter ■ 

Nobles 

Goff. Albert J., U^orthinc/ton 
Moore, Dr. George O., IVorthiitgton 

Brewster Consolidated Schools 
Worthingtoii Public Library 

Norman 

No members 



Halstad High School 



Olmsted 

*Adams, Henry S., Rochester 
Braasch, Mrs. William F., Rochester 
I *Burnpus, Dr. Herman C, Fiochester 

\ *Chapman, Clair A., Fiochcster 

\ Christensen, Henry O.. Rochester 

♦Collin, Job T., Rochester 
♦Eaton, Burt W., Rochester 
*Evarts, Dr. Arrah B.. Rochester 
♦Finney, Dr. William P., Jr., Rochester 
j *Gooding, Arthur C, Rochester 

i *Graham, Dr. Christopher, Rochester 

I *Granger, Judge George W., Rochester 

I *Harwick, Harry J., F<ochester 

I *Henderson, Dr. 'Melvin, Rochester 

I *Judd, Dr. Edward S., Rochester 

I *Kahler, John H.. Rochester 

Kendall, Dr. Edward C, Rochester 
♦Know] ton, George B., Rochester 
Larkin, Mrs. A. E., Rochester 
Lobb, Albert J., Rochester 
Logan, Dr. Arch PL, Rochester 
♦Mayo, Dr. Charles H., Rochester 
♦Mayo, Dr. William J., Rochester 
♦Melone, James A., Rochester 
♦Menefee, Rev. Guy C, Rochester 
Mussey, Dr. Robert D., Fiochester 
tPollock, Dr. Lee W., Rochester 
♦San ford, Dr. Arthur H., Rochester 
Sherman, George N., Rochester 
♦Smith, Dr. Frederick L.. Rochester 
♦Stettbacher, ^frs. Charles C, Rochester 
♦University Club, Rochester 
♦Wilson, Dr. Louis B., Rochester 

Rochester High School 
Rochester Public Library 



30 



31 



Otter Tail 

Adams, Elmer E., Fergus falls 

Froslie, Joliii, Fergus Falls 

Lotterer, Casper W.. Pcrharn 

Melbye, Carl E., Fergus Falls 

O'riER Tail County Historical Society, 

Fergus Falls 
♦Patterson, Mrs. William L., Fergus Falls 



Fergus Falls Public Library 
Perham Public Schools 

Pennington 

Backe, Lars, Thief Rwcr Falls 
Hellquist, diaries E., Thief River Falls 
Skarstad, Alfred, Thief River Fails 

Pine 

American Legion Auxiliary, Pine City 
♦Pedersen, Elna H., Askov 



Cloverton Consolidated Schools 
Pine City Public Schools 

Pipestone 

*Davies, Edward W,, Pipestone 
Pierce, John W., Pipestone 
PodI. William E., Pipestone 
Reader, Edward L., Pipestone 



Pipestone Public Library 
Polk 

*Hiliiard, William L., Lengby 
Johannessolm, L., Beltrami 
J_X)ring, Col, Qiarles, Crooks ton 
Selvig, Conrad G., Crookston 
*Steenerson, Elias, Crookston 
■♦Stephens, Andrew D., Crookston 



32 



Stickney, Dr. T. L., Crookston 
♦Walsh, Edmund ^L, Crookston 



Carnegie Library, Crookston 
East Grand Forks Public Schools 
Northwest School and Station, Crookston 

Pope 

Johnshoy, Rgv. ^L Casper, Starbuck 

Ramsey 

Aberle, David W., St. Paul 
♦Adams, Charles W., St. Paul 
♦Albrecht. Otto E., St. Paul 
=^Alway, Frederick T., St. Paul 
♦Ames, Charles L., St. Paul 
Angell, Frederick R., St. Paul 
Appel, Livia, St. Paul 
♦Armstrong, James D., St. Paul 
♦Armstrong, Dr. John ^L. St. I'auJ 
Asher, Leila O., St. Paul 
♦Bailev, Everett H.. St. Paul 
♦Baldwin, Clara F., St. Paul 
Balmer, Frank E.. St. Paul 
♦Barber, Percv E.. St. Paul 
Barlow, Henry P., St. Paul 
♦Bechhoefer, Juds^e Charles. St. Paul 
♦Bell, Edward J..^5f. Paul 
♦Bell, George, St. Paul 
Bell, James LL, Sr.. St. Paul 
♦Benz, Airs. George G.. St. Paul 
♦Bernard. Swen, St. Paul 
♦Betz. Louis. St. Paul 
♦Bigelow, Charles H.. St. Paul 
♦Bigelov.'. Frederick R., St. Paul 
♦Bill. Fred A.. St. Paul 
♦Blegen. Theodore C. St. Paul 
Blomquist, Fenton M.. St. Paul 
♦Bohland. John A.. St. Paul 
Boss. Andrew, St. Paul 



33 



Ramsey (Continued) 

Boyle, Michael ]., St. Paul 
Brack, George M., St. Paul 
=^^Bradford, John M., St. Paul 
*Bremer, Otto, St. Paul 
Bremer, Paul G., St. Paul 
*Brett, Peris A., St. Paul 
Briggs, Asa G., St. Paul 
Brill, Ethel C., St. Paul 
*Brill, Kenneth, St. Paul 
*Brown, Cyrus P.. St. Paul 
*Bro\vn, I^Iontreville J., St. Paul 
*Budd, Ralph, St. Paul . 
Bumgardner, Louis A,, St. Paul 
*Bunn, Charles W., St. Paul 
*Burch, Dr. Frank E., St. Paul 
*Busch, Rev. William, St. Paul 
*Butler, Mrs. William, St. Paul 
Caldwell, Chester L., St. Paul 
^Carpenter, ]M. Blanchard, St. Paul 
Carroll, Dr. William C, St. Paul 
Carter, Warren S., St. Paul 
*Chapin, Airs. George G., St. Paul 
Chapin, Mrs. Walter L., St. Paul 
*Chapman, Benjamin O., St. Paul 
Chatterton, Dr. Carl C, St. Paul 
*CIark, Homer P., St. Paul 
♦Clarke, Plopevvell, St. Paul 
*Cobb. Dr. .Sheridan G., St. Paul 
*Cochran. Moncricf M., St. Paul 
Coffev, Walter C, St. Paul 
♦Cole, Col. Havdn S.. St. Paul 
*Cole, Dr. Wallace H.. St. Paul 
Colvin, Dr. Alexander R.. St. Paul 
Corning, Leavitt. 5"/. Paul 
Cowern, Joseph F., St. Paul 
*Cushing, Luther .S., St. Paul 
*Cutler,' Edward H., .V/. Paul 
■^Cutler, William \\J St. Paul 



34 



♦Darling. William L., St. Paul 
♦Daugherty, Dr. Louis E., St. Paul 
♦Davidson, Watson P., St. Paul 
Davis, Edward P., St. Paul 
Dean, Sydnev B., St. Paul 
♦Dean. William J., St. Paul 
Dedolph. Dr. Karl, St. Paul 
Denegre, Mrs. James D., St. Paul 
♦Dibell, Judge Homer B., St. Paul 
Dickey, Minerva L., St. Paul 
Dieter, Emma P.. St. Paul 
Dilley, Mrs. Elizabeth, St. Paul 
Dohertv, Melvin J., St. Paul 
♦Donnelly, Charles, St. Paul 
♦Dougan, Edward C, St. Paul 
*Dowling. Most Rev. Austin, St. Paul 
♦Drake, Harrv T., St. Paul 
♦Driscoll, Arthur B.. St. Paul 
Dunn, John W. G., St. Paul 
Drew, James M., St. Paul 
Drake, Henry C, St. Paul 
♦Earl, Dr. George. St. Paul 
*Eddy, Charles W., St. Paul 
Edwards. Rev. Maurice D., 5"/. Paul 
tEliot, Rev. Frederick M., St. Paul 
♦Ericksen, Theresa, St. Paul 
Ermisch, Esther, St. Paul 
Fairchild, Caroline F., St. Paul 
♦Farnham, Charles W.. St. Paul 
Fawcett, Lois M., St. Paul 
♦Fcldhauser, Mrs. Goode King. St. Paul 
♦Ferguson, Dr. James C, St. Paul 
Fesler, Jolm K., St. Paul 
♦Ffolliott, Charles. St. Paul 
Firestone, Allan L.. St. Paul 
♦Fitch, Clifford P., St. Paul 
♦Fitzpatrick. Tohn F.. St. Paul 
♦Flandrau, MVs. Blair, St. Paul 
Flynn, Edward F., St. Paul 



35 



Ramsey (Continued) 

*Fobes, William H., St. Paul 
Fogarty, Dr. Charles W., St. Paul 
*Fogg, Frederic A., St. Paul 
*Fogg, Frederic M., St. Paul 
♦Forbes, Charles A., St. Paul 
*Ford, Antoinette E., St. Paul 
Fuilcrton, Sam F.. St. Paul 
Fimk, Mrs. Lydia C, St. Paul 
*Furness, Airs. Charles E., St. Paul 
♦Gardner, George W., St. Paul 
Gates, Stanley, St. Paul 
*Gcerv, William B., Si. Paul 
*Geist, John M.. St. Paul 
Gipson, Henry E.. St. Paul 
*Goiling, Benjamin C, St. Paul 
*Gordenier, William H., St. Paul 
*Gordh, Arvid, .S'^. Paul 
♦Gordon, Charles \\\, St. Paul 
Gortner, Dr. Ross A., St. Paul 
Gowen, Albert S., St. Paul 
Grant, Rev. Charles L., St. Paul 
♦Gray, Clarence C. St. Paul 
Gregg, Jesse A.. St. Paul 
♦Griggs, Chauncey M., St. Paul 
♦Griggs, Theodore W., St. Paul 
♦Gronvold, j. ^Marie, St. Paul 
Hackman, 3*Irs. Theodore, St. Paul 
♦Haecker, Theoi^hilus L., St. Paul 
Ha-strom, G. Arvid, St. Paul 
♦Hall, Hcnrv B.. St. Paul 
♦Hammes, Dr. Ernest M., St. Paul 
Hannaford. Foster, St. Paul 
♦Hannaford, Julc M., St. Paul 
Hai-isen, Dr. Olga S., St. Paul 
^Harmon, Albert H.. St. Paul 
♦Harris, Harold. .S7. Paul 
Harris, J. Artliur. .S7. Paul 
♦Hanscr, Mrs. Charles, St. Paul 

3C 



I Hayes, Clarence D., St. Paul 

• Heilbron, Bertha L., St. Paul 

Heimes, M. Gladys, St. Paul 
Herrmann, }vtax H., St. Paul 
♦Hess, George H., Jr., St. Paul 
Hewitt, James B., St. Paul 
♦Hill, Louis W., St. Paul 
♦Hill, Louis W., Jr., St. Paul 
Hilton, Judge Clifford L., St. Paul 
♦Hobe, Engebreth H., St. Paul 
♦Hodnefield, Jacob. St. Paul 
Holmes, Kenneth L., St. Paul 
Horn, Alexander E., St. Paul 
Hosmer, Alice, St. Paul 
Hough, Sherwood, White Bear 
♦Ickler, Lydia U., St. Paul 
♦Ingersoll, Frederick G., St. Paul 
♦Irvine, Horace H., St. Paul 
Irwin, William B., St. Paul 
♦Jackson, John N.. St. Paul 
Jackson, Preston T., St. Paul 
♦Jacobson, Martin L.. St. Paul 
Jefferson, Lawrence C, St. Paul 
Jenks, Charles O., St. Paul 
Jennings, ]\[rs. Thomas B., St. Paul 
♦Jerrard, :Mrs. Frank H.. St. Paul 
♦Johnson, Herman. St. Paul 
Johnson, Mrs. Lawrence, St. Paul 
♦Johnston, Clarence H., St. Paul 
Tones, Richard U., St. Paul 
♦Kalman. Charles O., St. Paul 
Keating. Paul F., .S7. Paul 
Keller, Charles E.. St. Paul 
\ Keller, Herbert P., St. Paul 

♦Kellogg. Frank B., St. Paul 
Kenncdv< Ella. St. Paul 
Kinsr, Stafford. St. Paul 
♦Kirk. Everett B.. St. Paul 
tKnauff, Dr. M. K., St. Paul 

37 




1 



f 



Ramsey (Continued) 

Knowles, John P., St. Paul 
Lagcrman, John A., St. Paul 
*Lange, Dietrich, St. Paul 
*Langford, Nathaniel P., St. Paul 
Lay, George C, Si. Paul 
Leiimann, Bryce E., St. Paul 
Libbey, Mrs. Leon D., St. Paul 
♦Lightner, William H., St. Paul 
Lindell, Edwin L., St. Paul 
♦Lindsay, George F., St. Paul 
Lofroth, Oscar, Si. Paul 
*Lufkin, Mrs. Harry M., St. Paul 
Lyons, Dennis P., St. Paul 
Macartney. Grarit S., St. Paul 
*McColl, Henry, St. Paul 
*McConnell. James M., St. Paul 
MacCraw, Hector M., St. Paul 
McDavitt, Mrs. Thomas, St. Paul 
McDermott, Thomas J., St. Paul 
*McGill, Mrs. Andrew R., St. Paul 
*McGill, Robert C.. St. Paul 
♦McGregor, Elizabeth, St. Paul 
♦Mackey, Joseph S., North St. Paul 
♦McKibbin, Joseph, St. Paul 
Mackintosh, Roger S., St. Paul 
McLaren, Mrs. Archibald, St. Paul 
♦MacRae, Donald, St. Paul 
IMason, Rachel €., St. Paul 
♦Mayo. Walter L.. St. Paul 
♦Meagher, John B., St. Paul 
♦Michael, James C., St. Paul 
Millard. Frank B., St. Paul 
Miller, Frederic C., St. Paul 
♦Miller, William A., BalJ Eagle Lake 
♦Milne, Mrs. Alexander A., .S7. Paul 
♦Mitchell, William D., St. Paul 
Moon, Amv C., St. Paul 
♦Moritz, W'illiam F., St. Paul 



38 



Moynihan, Very Rev. Humphrey. -S^. Paul 

♦Mundy, Harry L., .S'^. Paul 

♦Murray, Charles, St. Paul 

♦Nankivell, James, St. Paul 

♦Neltermoe. Frantz G., St. Paul 

Nelson, Artlmr E., St. Paul 

♦Ncwgren, Andrew J., St. Paul 

Newman, Samuel A., Si. Paul 

Noll, Amy W'., St. Paul 

Nordin, Dr. Charles G., St. Paul 

Norton, John W., St. Paul 

♦Nowell, James A., St. Paul 

N oves, Charles P., St. Paul 

♦Noyes. ?.Irs. Charles P.. St. Paul 

Nute, Grace L., St. Paul 

Oace, Jolin A., St. Paul 

♦0*Brien, Alice M., St. Paul 

♦O'Brien, Dillon J., St. Paul 

O'Brien, Mrs. George T., St. Paul 

♦O'Brien, Judge Thomas D., St. Paul 
♦Oehler, Ira, St. Paul 

Okie, Francis G., St. Paul 
Okie, Mrs. Francis G., St. Paul 
♦Oppenheimer, William H., St. Paul 
Ordway, Mrs. John G., St. Paul 
♦Orr, Charles N., St. Paul 
Osborn, Henry L., St. Paul 
♦Ostergren, Dr. Edward W St. Paul 
Ottis, Frank J., St. Paul 
♦Owens, Dr. Frederick M., St. Paul 
♦Pearson, Marie N. V.. .S"^. Paul 
♦Pect, William F., St. Paul 
Penfield, Clara M.. St. Paul 
♦Perry, Gale W., St. Paul 
Peterson, George W^, St. Paul 
♦Pollock, Hester, St. Paul 
Potts, Charles J., St. Paul 
*Prince. George H., St. Paul 
♦Putnam, Mrs. Charles H.. St. Paul 



39 



5 
I 

i 

I 

I 

I 



Ramsey (Continued) 

*Piitnani, Douglas, St. Fv.nl , 

Pyle. Joseph G., St. Paul 

*Quinlan, H. Thomas, St. Paul 

Ramsey, Dr. Walter R., St. Paul 

*RandalI, Eugene W., Si. Paul 

*Rank, Mrs. Charles G., St. Paul 

Rasmussen, Walter, St. Paul 

Rice, Robert A., St. Paul 

♦Richardson, Harris. St. Paul 

Rife, Clarence W., St. Paul 

Ritchey, Charles J., St. Paul 

*Robertson, Victor, St. Paul 

fRobinson, George W., St. Paul 

Rosendahl, Carl O., St. Paul 

*Rosen\vald, Walter F., St. Paul 

Rothschild. Harold L., St. Paul 

^Rothschild, Henry, St. Paul 

St. Paul CnArxER, Daughters of the 

American Revolution 
*Sanborn. Edward P., St. Paul 
Sargent, Ploward H., St. Paul 
*Saunders, Tvlrs. Edward N.. St. Paul 
* Saunders, Edward N., Jr., St. Paul 
tSavage, ^Irs. Arthur H., St. Paul 
Scandrett, Benjamin W., St. Paul 
*Schaefer, Rev. Francis T., 67. Paul 
*Schlick, Frank. A7h/' 
*Schmahl, Tulius A., St. Paul 
Schmidt, Mrs. Mary S.. St. Paul 
*Schoonmaker. Mrs. lames. St. Paul 
^Schuldt, Dr. Fred C., St. Paul 
'^Schulz, Charles G., St. Paul 
*.Schuncman, Clinrles, St. Paul 
*Schurmcier. ]\Irs. Theodore L., St. Paul 
^^'^c]nvvzcr, Dr. Arnold. St. Paul 
^Seliskar. Rev. lolm, St. Paul 
Scwall, Jiarriet W., .S7. Paul 
^Shcpard, Mrs. Frank P., .S7. Paul 



^''-Shields, James, St. Paul 
*Shields, Litton E., St. Paul 
*ShieIds, Lytton J., St. Paul 
^Shippee, Lester B., St. Paul 
*Simons, Luman C, St. Paul 
*Skinner, Mrs. William W., St. Paul 
*Skooglun, Charles, St. Paul 
*Smith, Mary G., St. Paul 
Snyder, Mrs. Omer C. St. Paul 
*Sommers, Benjamin F., St. Paul 
*Sommers, Charles L., St. Paul 
Sommers, ^Irs. Henry S., St. Paul 
Sonnee, Einar, Si. Paul 
^Spencer, Charles L., St. Paul 
Stakman, Elvin C, St. Paul 
*Stees, Charles, .S7. Paul 
Stiefel, Ernest J., 67. Paul 
Stiefel, Mrs. Ernest J.. St. Paul 
*Stone, Royal A.. 67. Paul 
Stork, Florence C, St. Paul 
*Stott, Mrs. Charles W., St. Paul 
Stringer, Edward S., St. Paul 
*Summerfield, Isaac. St. Paul 
Sweney, Fred W.. Si. Paul 
*Swenson, Edward. St. Paul 
"" Swenson. Oscar W., St. Paul 
*Tavlor, Mvron D.. St. Paul 
*Temple, Herbert M., St. Paul 
Thompson, Harry S., St. Paul 
Thompson, Zvfrs. Horace. St. Paul 
^Tiffany, Francis E.. St. Paul 
Toomey, John J.. St. Paul 
Turnacliff". Dr. Dale D.. .s7. Paul 
*Upliam, Tolin P., St. Paul 
Upham. Mrs. John P.. St. Paul 
"^L'pham. Warren, Si. Paul 
Varney, Herbert C, .S^. Paul 
*\''illaume. Cliarles E.. St. Paul 
*Von dcr Weyer, Henry, St. Paul 



40 



41 



Ramsey (Continued) 

Walclref, Grant, St, Paul 

^Wallace, James, St. Paul 

♦Wallace, Mrs. James, St. Paul 

fWalsh, Richard A., St. Paul 

♦Warner, Eli S., St. Paul 

Washburn, Dr. Harvey B., St. Paul 

Weed, Paul C, St. Paul 

*Weinhagen, Charles, St. Paul 

♦Weschcke, Charles, St. Paul 

West, Rodney M., St. Paul 

Wheeler, Rush B., St. Paul 

Wheelhouse, Mary E., St. Paul 

Whcelock, Ellen, St. Paul 

Wheelock, Webster, Si. Paul 

♦White, Edwin, St. Paul 

Wilkinson, James H., St. Paul 

Willes, Mary S., St. Paul 

Williamson, Arthur S., St. Paul 

♦Willis, Mrs. John W., St. Paul 

♦Wollaeger, Rev. Herman W. P., St. Paul 

Wolterstorff, John H., St. Paul 

♦Yoerg, Frank, St. Paul 

♦Young, Mrs. Edward B., St. Paul 

♦Young, Elbert A., St. Paul 

Zirnniermann, Bernard, St. Paul 



Arlington Branch Library, St. Paul 
Central High School, St. Paul 
College of St. Catherine, St. Paul 
Concordia College, St. Paul 
Gillette State Hospital for Crippled Chil- 
dren, St. Paul 
Hamline Branch Library, St. Paul 
Humboldt High School, .V/. Paul 
James J. Hill Reference Library, St. Paul 
Independent School District No. 2, North 
St. Paul 



42 



Independent School District No. 5, IVhit 
Bear 

Library Division, State Department of Edu 
cation 

Luther Theological Seminary, St. Paul 

Oak Hall, St. Paul 

Riverview Branch Library, St. Paul 

St. Anthony Branch Library, St. Paul 

Summit School, St. Paul 

W-Tiite Bear Lake Public Library 

Red Lake 

Bottineau, William, Plummer 



Red Lake Falls Public Schools 
Redwood 

Brand, Dr. William A., RediL'ood Falls 
Philbrick, John B., Rcdzvood Falls 
Smith, Andrew D., Redwood Falls 
Steinhauser, Emil C, Lamberton 



Independent School District Nu. 1, Red 

wood Falls 
Redwood Falls Public Library 

Renville 

Armstrong, ^.Irs. Vesta C, OUvia 
♦Dowling, Mrs. ]\Iichael J., O/iV/a 
♦Freeman, John ^L, Olivia 
*Nordstrom, Edwin. Sacred Heart 
Thang. Emil, Sacred Heart 
Women's Civic League, Fairfax 
Woods, Helen E., Fairfa.v 



Fairfax High School 
Rice 

♦Bard well. Fred L., N or th. field ^ 
Benson, William C, N or ih field 
Eoc, Lars W., North field 



43 



Rice (Continued) 

Chaffee, Fred M., Faribault 

Clark, Keith, Northficld 

Cole, Kate L, Faribault 

Cowling, Donald J., Northficld 

Du^iway, Clyde A., Northficld 

Flaten, Nils,' Northficld 

Grose, Ingebrikt F., Northficld 

*HilIeboe, Gertrude M., Northficld 

Jenkins, Frederick E., Faribault 

*Kaisersatt, Frank ^^L, Faribault 

Larsen, Karen, .Northficld 

fMurdoch, Dr. James M., Faribault 

*Ne\vhall, Charles W., Faribault 

*Palmer, Rev. Francis L., Faribault 

Peavey, Louis, Faribault 

*Pinkham, Rev. Victor E., Faribault 

Fletcher, Nuba M., Faribault 

Rice County Historical Society, Faribault 

*Roe, Plerman, Northficld 

Rowberg, Andrew A., Northficld 

Sayles, Charles N,, Faribault 

♦Watson, Isabella, Northficld 

Weicht, Carl L., Northficld 



Faribault Public Library 
Northficld Public Library 
St: Olaf College, Northficld 
Seabury Divinity School, Faribault 
Rock 

*Jacobson, Jacob N., Hills 
Johnston, Dorothy, Luvcrne 



Luverne High School 
Luverne Public Library 
Roseau 

Billberg, Eddy E., Roseau 

Fryklund, P. O., Roseau 

Roseau County Historical Society, Roseau 

44 



St. Louis 

*Adams, Dr. Bertram S., Hibbing 
*Adams, Charles E., Duluth 
♦Alworth, Marshall H., Duluth 
♦Alvvorth, Marslial! W., Duluth 
♦Arnold, John B., Duluth 
Arnold, Luther B., Duluth 
*Bailey, Ernest A., Virginia 
Baldwin, Albert, Duluth 
Barnes, Arthur P., Duluth 
♦Barnes, Julius H., Duluth 
*Earnum, George G., Jr., Duluth 
Bayliss, Willard, Chisholm 
Bessette, Fred \Y., Orr 
♦Bingham, Stillman H.. Duluth 
♦Bohannon, Eugene W., Duluth 
Brown, Arthur H., Duluth 
Buck, Fred W.. Duluth 
♦Cant, Judge William A., Duluth 
♦Carmicliael, Harold A.. Duluth 
♦Chisholm, Archibald M., Duluth 
♦Clarfield, Albert B., Duluth 
♦Cotfin, Mrs. Mary E., Duluth 
♦Congdon, Edward C, Duluth 
♦Congdon, Walter B., Duluth 
♦Crass weller, Arthur H., Duluth 
Crassvveller. Frank, Duluth 
♦Crosbv, George H.. Duluth 
♦Culkin, William E.. Duluth 
Darling, John H.. Duluth 
♦Day. Frank A.. Duluth 
DeGroat, Francis H.. Duluth 
♦Dudlev, Harrv C. Duluth 
♦Ely, Robert H., Evclcih 
♦Fesler, Jud-e Bert. Duluth 
♦Getchell, William B.. Duluth 
Grannis, Judge Henry J.. Duluth 
♦Hanson,^ ^L Francis, Duluth 
Hartman,' Alex W^, Duluth 



45 



St. Louis (Continued) 

*Hearding, John H., Duluth 
Higburg, Herbert, Duluth 
Hunt, J. W., Duluth 
Jaques, Robert, Duluth 
Jenswold, John, Duluth 
Johnson, Edward W., Floodwood 
*Johnson, Gilmore H., Floodwood 
Lockhart, George O., Duluth 
McCabc, ^^^illiam J., Duluth 
♦McClearn, Hugh J., Duluth 
♦McDonald, Donald B., Duluth 
*McGonagle, William A., Duluth 
AlcGonagle, Mrs. William A., Duluth 
Miller, Charlotte V., Duluth 
♦Mitchell, Oscar. Duluth 
♦More, Dr. Charles W., Eiclcth 
♦Nelson, Andrew, Duluth 
♦Newell, Horatio S., Duluth 
Noves, Jonatlian A., Duluth 
♦Ol'cott. William J., Duluth 
Paine, F. Rodney, Duluth 
♦Paine, Frederic W., Duluth 
♦Pardee, John S., Duluth 
Parker, Dr. Owen W., Eh 
♦Phelps, Hervev H, Duluth 
♦Prince, William I.. Duluth 
♦Prindle, W^illiam M., Duluth 
♦Quinn, Clement K., Duluth 
♦Ray, Philip L., Duluth 
Rood, Dr. Dana C, Duluth 
St, Louis County Historical Society, 
Duluth 

Saxby, S. Valentine, Duluth 
♦Schaefer, Peter, Ely 
Sebenius, John U., Duluth 
Sherwood, William C, Duluth 
Silfvcrstcn, Rev. Carl J., IVcst Duluth 
♦Silliman, Arthur P., Hihbing 



4C 



*Spenccr, Herbert R., Duluth 
Stryker, John D., Duluth 
Swanson, Mrs. Gladys A., Duluth 
Turner, Maynard W., Duluth 
Walker, James W., Duluth 
♦Washburn, Jed L., Duluth 
Weaver, Roger M., Duluth 
♦Webb, Francis J., Duluth 
*Weiss, Anton C, Duluth 
White, Robert M., Duluth 
♦Whitman, George A., Eveleth 
♦Will cuts, Levi M., Duluth 
♦Williams, John G., Duluth 
♦Wilson, 'Coryate S., Duluth 
Woodbridge, D wight E., Duluth 



Buhl Public Library 

Chisholm Public Library 

Duluth Public Library 

Eveleth High School- 

Eveleth Junior High School 

Eveleth Normal Training Department 

Eveleth Public Library 

Hibbing Public Library 

Independent School District Xo. 13. Aurora 
Independent School District Xo. 40, Chisholm 
Independent School District No. 12, Ely 
Independent School District No. 18, Gilbert 
Independent School District No. 21, Moun- 
tain Iron 
Mountain Iron Public Library 
St. Louis County Board of Education, 

Duluth 
Proctor Public School 
Virginia Public Library 

Scott 

Casey, John E., Jordan 
DufTy, Wdliam F., Shakopcc 



47 



Scott (Continued) 

Juergens, Frank H., Jordan 
Juergens, Dr. Herman M., Belle Plain 
*Savs, Rev. Mathias, Shakopee 
Schaefer, Philip M., Jordan 



St. Mark's Parochial School, Shakopee 

Sherburne 

No members 

Sibley 

MacKcnzie, George A., Gaylord 



Gaylord Public Schools 
Stearns 

Brower, Josephine V., Sauk Center 
*Brower. Ripley B., St. Cloud 
Clarke, Marianne, St. Cloud 
♦DuBois, Dr. Julian A., Sauk Center 
Hoffmann, Rev. Alexius. Collegeville 
Ladner, Cliarlcs F., 67. Cloud 
♦Lewis, Dr. Claude B., St. Cloud 
Lufkin, Mrs. Harry P., St. Cloud 
JklcDonald, Sister Grace, St. Joseph 
♦Mayer, George F. T., St. Cloud 
♦Mitchell, William B., St. Cloud 
Moos. I^frs. Will, .9^. Cloud 
♦Schiiplin, Mrs. Fred, St. Cloud 
Smith, William W.. St. Cloud 
Steward, Darius, St. Cloud 
♦Vasaly, Cliarles E., St. Cloud 
♦Whitney, Mrs. Albert C, St. Cloiui 



College of St. Benedict, St. Joseph 
Paynesville Public Library 
Paynesville Public Schools 
St. John's University, Collegeville 



48 



St. Cloud Public Library 

State Teachers College, St. Cloud 

i 

Steele 

Brown, Minot J., Ozvatonna 
Day, Levi E., Clinton Falls 
Kinyon, Mrs. Sidney W., Owatoyina 
Melby, Dr. Benedik, Blooming Prairie 
Morehouse, Dr. Guel G., OziKifonna 
Peterson, Carl A., Blooming Prairie 
♦Rask, Samuel A., Blooming Prairie 
Sawyer, Francis W., Owatonna 
Ulland, Obed C, Blooming Prairie 
Whiting, E. K., Owatonna 



Blooming Prairie High School 
Owatonna Public Library 
State Public School, Oivaionna 

Stevens 

♦Hancock, Mrs. Frank A., Morris 
♦Jones, Edwin J., Morris 
Salmonson, Emraett H., Chokio 

Swift 

♦Hudson, Sanford H., Benson 
Scofield, Dr. Charles L., Be^nson 
Strand, Alm.er O., Benson 
Strand, O. H., Benson 



Kerkhoven Public Schools 

Todd 

No members 

Traverse 

AUanson, M. Ethel, Whcaton 
Jensen, William H.. Brozm's I'allev 
Lee, Mrs. Isaac, Whcaton 



49 



Traverse (Continued) 

Independent School District Xo. 22, Brozi^fs 

Valley a 
Independent School District No. 32, WJuoion 

Wabasha 

Erickson, M. L., Lake City 



Lake City High School 
Wabasha Public Library 

Wadena 

No members 



Wadena Public Library 
Waseca 

*Davidson, M, Isabelle, Waseca 
*Scnn, Judge Fred W., Waseca 
*Ward, Roscoe P., Waseca 
Watson, Charles H., Waseca 

Washington 

Daniels, Airs. John W., Dclhvood 
Easton, W. E., Stilhcatcr 
Milinowski, Mrs. Arthur L., StiJhvaler 
■ * Sullivan, George H., Sfillzcatcr 
*\Ven7.ell, Henry B., Stilhi<ater 



Carnegie Public Library, Stilhcatcr 
Stillwater Public Schools 

V/atonwan 

Grimes, Burton P., Madclia 
Reynolds, Mrs. James T., Madclia 
*Sucker, ArU'lph, Lcivisz'illc 

wnkjn 

Johnson. Fred W., Brcckenridgc 
Jones, Lewis E., B reck en ridge 

50 



Mangskau, Eugene H., Brcckenriigg 
Schendel, Henry, Campbell 
*Shirley, Halvor L., Breckenridge 



Wolverton Consolidated Schools 

Winona 

♦Aquinas, Sister M., Winona 
♦Bell. Fred S., Winona 
♦Botsford, Otis M., Winona 
Buck, Harry L., Winona 
Finkelnburg, Judge Karl. Winona 
♦George, James M.. Winona 
Gerlicher. Herman F., Winona 
Grant, Jvlarv, Winona 
HiUyer, Wi'llard L., Winona 
fKeily, Rt. Rev. Francis AL, Winona 
*Kramer, Leonard F., Altura 
^Prentiss. Samuel L., JVinona 
Sheardown, Margaret M., Winona 
Smith, J. Russell. Winona 
*Smith, Orrin F., IVinona 
Thompson, Paul P., Winono 
♦Watkins. Paul, JVinona 
Webster, Albert E., Dresbach 
Winona Association of Commerce 



Lewiston Public Schools 

State Teachers College, Winona 

Winona Public Library 

WriffKt 

Lindsley, Frank H., Delano 
Rosalie, Sister M., Waz'erly 



Cokato Public Schools 
Maple Lake Public Library 



51 



Yellow Medicine 

*Lencle, Olai A., Canby 
Lokensgaard, Rev. 01c, Hanlcy Foils 
Neiidcckcr, Rev. R. A., St. Leo 



Canby Public Schools 

Nonresident 

* Adair, Dr. Fred L., Chicago 
♦Albert, Allen D., Evanston, III 
Anderson, Frank AI., Hayiovcr, N. H. 
Asher, Hellen D., Philadelphia 
*Avcrv, Carlos, Nczv York 
■ Bailly,' Edward C, Nctv York 
^Baldwin, Mrs. !Marie L. B., JVashincjton, 
D.C. 

Bean, Thad S.. Fullerton, Cal. 
Beddie, James S., Fayette, Iowa 
*Bernard, Walter L., Chicago 
*Bernier. Henri J., Oakla)id, Cal. 
Best, W illiam H., Boston 
*Bill, Alfred H., Great Borrington, Mass. 
Bjornstad, Gen. Alfred W., Sail Francisco 
*L)]akeley, Henry, Chicago 
Blegen, Carl \V., Cincinnati, Ohio 
Blinn, Harold E., Dillon, Mont. 
Bovd, Robert K., Ban Claire, IVis. 
*Breed, Rev. David R., Pittsburgh, Pa. 
♦Brett, Philip M., Nciv York 
Brown, 'Mrs. Lizzie L., Los Angeles 
Brown, Gen. William C., Denver, Colo. 
Bulen, Leon L., Missoula, Mont. 
Bulkier, Mrs. Louis C, Shreveport . La. 
*Bushnell, David L, University, Va. 
*Cannon, Henry W., New York 
Carney, Aviary V.. New York 
*Carothers, Wilhelmina E,, Grand Forks, 
N. D. 

♦Carpenter, Charles Ontario, Cal. 

Castle, C E., Havana, N. D. 



52 



Chatelain, Verne E., Peru, Neb. 
Chatfield, Minotte E., New Haven, Conn. 
Converse, Clovis M., Chicago 
♦Cotton, Joseph B.,. New York 
♦Craitr. Charles P., Washington, D.C. 
♦Crampton, Edwin C, Raton, N. M. 
Darling, George F., Whitticr, Cal. 
Davis, Mrs. Bowers, Cedar Rapids, lozva 
Davis, John A., San Rafael, Cal. 
De Greef, Charles W., Big Stone City, 6. V. 
Dike, Henry B., Orlando, Fla. 
Dorsev, Tames E., San Francisco 
Dustin, Maurice N., Detroit, Mich. 
♦Edwards, Everett E., Washington, U. L. ■ 
Eidc, Richard B., River Falls, Wis ' 
Elliott, Thompson C, Walla Walla. Wash. 
♦Espenschied, Charles. St. Louis, }io. 
tFargo, Livingston W., CJn^^go 
♦Farnham, Rev. Arthur W^, Hendcrsonvilie, 
N C 

♦Farrington, Robert L, Needham, :/n.s5 
♦Foster, Col. Everett W., WafsonviUc, Cal. 
♦Fox, Lawrence K., Pierre, S. D. 
♦Gaus, John M., Madison, Wis. 
Gaylord, Robert M., Rockford, III 
♦Gilbert, Cass, Nezv York 
♦Goeb, Rev. Cuthbcrt, Richard ton, A . U. 
♦Gold. William PL. Coral Gables, I' la. 
tGraham, Hugh, 5^^. Louis, Mo 
♦Greene, Oscar C, San Diego, Cal. 
Grimsrud, Christian P.. Sania Monica, C (7/. 
♦Hamlin, Rev. Fritz C, Chicago 
Harlan, C. F., Cresco, Iowa 
Hart. Irving H., Cedar Falls, Ioil^ 
♦Haubcrg. John H., Rock Island. III. 
♦ILiupt, Rev. Alexander J. D.. Hiyico^i. U is. 
♦Haye^ Rev. S. MWh, Lincoln, ^eb. 
Heck, Frank H.,,Prr» AV^, 
Plendcrson, Daniel B., Washington, D. C. 



53 



.\\\ 



Nonresident (Continued) 

Hcndrickson, Rev. Herman O., Humboldt 
loiva ' 
♦Hertz, Rudolf, Eagle Butte, S. D. 
Hicks, John D., Lincoln, Neb 
Hill, James D., River Palls, Wis 
*Hill, Samuel, Seattle, Wash. 
Hillman, Mrs. James, Fort Dodge, Iowa 
Hillyer, John C, Nezv Haven, Conn 
Holbrook, Royal H., Cedar Rapids. Iowa 
Holmes, Oliver W., New York 
*Hormel, George A., Beverly Hills. Cat 
Humphrey, Edward F., Hartford, Conn 
*Hyde, James H.. Paris, France 
Ives, Henry S., White Plains. N. Y. 
Jacobsen, Gertrude, New York 
♦Jolmson. Charles G., PasadevM, Cal 
Kelly. Charles S., Chicago 
♦Kimball, Alarv B.. Ri^rr Falls Wis 
Khig, Cliarles E, Milwaukee, Wis 
Kirk, Lester K., Detroit, Mich. 
Kraft, Rev. Carl, Rock Island, III 
Lange. Capt. O. P., Fort B enning, Ga. 
Earned, H. H., Lansing, Mich. 
♦Lawler, Bishop John J., Lead, S\ D 
tLce, Mrs. Ivy L., Neu> York 
♦Uonard, Dr. William E., Hadley, Mass 
♦Lindley, Jvfrs. Erasmus C. New York 
♦Longyear, Edmund J.. Altadena, Cal. 
Lovely, Winfield. South Foxboro. Mass. 
♦Louden, Gov. Frank O.. Oregon, III. 
Lundbcrg, Gunnar E., Chicago 
Lyman, George R., Pasadenu, Cal. 
McConncIl, Henry, ll'alloon Lake, Mich 
♦McHose, James W.. L'argo, N. D. 
McLain, Jolui S., Brookline. Mass. 
McVicker, George G., North Bend. Neb. 
♦Merriam, William R., Washinqton. D. C. 
♦Metcalf, George P., Concord, Mass.' 



54 



Mohlmann, Mrs. Amelia, Long Island, N. Y, 
Morehouse, Frances M., Neiv York 
Nash, John P., Berkeley, Cal. 
♦Nelson, Mrs. Charles X., Santa Barbara, 
Cal. 

♦Nichols. Mrs. Henry, La Jolla, Cal. 
Norris, Mrs. John M.. Oroville, Wash. 
♦Notestein, Wallace, New Haven, Conn. 
♦Ogaard, Louis A., Sacramento, Cal. 
Ohman, Hazel E., Long Island, N. Y. 
Olmstead, Susan H., Nezu York 
Pedrick, Samuel M.. Ripon, Wis. 
Petersen, William J., Iowa City, Iowa 
Peterson, Arthur G., JVashington. D. C. 
Peterson, Harold F., Elkhart, Ind. 
Plath, Dr. R. E., Spokane. Wash. 
♦Prescott, Augustus S., Sheldon, Iowa 
♦Pritchett, John P., Troy, N. I\ 
*Rask, Louis, Schenectady, N. Y. 
♦Roddis, Dr. Louis H., Washington, D. C. 
Rovvell, Henry H. S., Lewnston, Idaho 
Ryland, William J., New Haven, Conn. 
♦Sallet, Richard, Osterode, Ostpreiisscn, Ger- 
many 

Schottler, George J., White Plains, N. Y. 

Shurtletf, Malcolm C, Pidnavi, Conn. 

♦Slade. George T.. Neiv York 

♦Smart, John F., Siherhill, Ala. 

Smith, Alice E., Madison, Wis. 

♦Smith, David D.. Portland, Ore. 

Smoke, Mrs. C. E., Saidt Ste. Marie, Mich. 

Stegeman, Jolin D., Boyden, Iowa 

♦Strong, Mrs. Edward A., San Marino, Cat. 

♦Talman, John. Portland, Ore. 

Tohill. Louis A., Flat Rock. III. 

Tousley, Albert S., lozca City. lon'a 

Treat, George L.. Denver, Colo. 

*Vail. Robert W. G.. New York 

Van Cleve, John R., Thistle. Utah 



55 



i 



Nonresident (Continued) 

Van Cleve, Paul L., Sr., Big Timber, Mont. 
Velikanje, Emile B., Yakima, Wash. 
*Watson. Jessie M., Washington, D. C. 
Weiss, William A. E., Rccder, N. D. 
^Welcome, Henry S., London, England 
^Whipple, Gen. Charles H., Los Angeles 
tWhite, Edwin E., Milwaukee, Wis. 
*Wickwire, Arthur M., New York 
*Wildes, Marjorie, Neiv Hai'cn, Conn. 
Williams, Tustin, River Falls. Wis. 
Willis, Warren J.. Long L^Iand Citx, N. Y. 
*Wilsey, Grover H., Tenafly, N. J. 
Wirth, Frem.ont P., Nashville, Tenn. 
*Wooclworth, Ernest E.. Menomonie , Wis. 
Wright, Dana, St. John, N. D. 
Wright, Quincy, Chicago 

Honorary Members 

Ahbatt, William, editor of tlie MagarAnc of 

History, Tarrytown, N. Y. 
Avery, Elroy iVlcKendree, historian, New Port 

Richey, Pla. 
Bryce, Rev. George, historian, Oliawa, Canada 
Hart, Albert Bushnell, Eaton i)rofessor of the 

science of government, emeritus, Harvard 

University, Cambridge, Mass. 
Laut, Agnes C, historian, W'assaic, N. Y. 
McMastcr, John Bach, professor of American 

history, emeritus. University of PeriUsyl- 

vania, Philadelphia 
Rowland, Dunbar, director of the Mississippi 

Department of Archives and History, Jack- 
son, Miss. 

Turner, Frederick Jackson, professor of his- 
tory, emeritus, Harvard University, San 
Marino, Cat. 



56 



Corresponding Members 

Babcock, Kendric Ch.arks. provost of the uni- 
versity and dea!i of [ht college of liberal 
arts and sciences, University of Pilinols, 
Urbana 

Bell, Charles Napier, JJAnnipeg, Mav.itoba 
Blackman, Elmer E., curator of the Nebraska 

State Historical Society, Lincoln 
Burpee, Lawrence Johnstone, secretary for 
Canada of the International Joint Commis- 
sion, Ottazva, Ontario 
Burton, Clarence Monroe, Detroit, Mick. 
Chase, Arthur Horace, Boston 
Garke, Edith Emily, Syracuse, N. Y. 
Connclley, \Mlliam E., secretary of the Kansas 

State Historical Society, Topcka 
Davidson, James Wlicelcr. Calgary, Alberta 
Doughty, Arthur George, dominion archivist, 

Ottawa, Ontario 
Fish, Carl Russell, professor of history, Uni- 
versity of Wisconsin, Madison 
Gosnell, R. Edward, Ottawa, Onlar-.,., 
Greene, Evarts Boutell, DeWirt Clinton {pro- 
fessor of historv, Columbia Universitv, N civ 
York 

Grinnell. George Bird, ethnologist. New York 

Harlan, Edgar Rubey. curator of the Histori- 
cal Department of Iowa, Des Moines 

Holand. Hjalmar Rued. Epliraim. W'.j. 

Jameson, John Franklin, chief of th-C 

of manuscripts, Library of Congress, a:.-:- 
ington, J). C. 

Kcagy, John T.. National Military Horie. Kan. 

kirklcy, 1o>eph \\\. il'asJiiuatoi. D. C. 

Leiand, Dr. Waldo G.. executive secretary of 
the American Council of Learned Societies, 
Washingto}i, D. C. 



57 



Libby, Orin Grant, secretary of the State His- 
torical Society of North Dakota; professor 
of history, University of North Dakota, 
U 11 iversity 

Lindsay, Crawford, Quebec 

Loeb, Isidor, professor of political science 
and dean of the school of commerce and 
finance, Wasliington University, St. Louis' 

McPherson, John Hanson Thomas, professor 
of history and political science, University 
of Georgia, Athens 

Meany, Edmond Stephen, professor of his- 
tory. University of Washington ; secretary 
of the Washington University State Histori- 
cal Society, Seattle 

Mitchell, Dr. William L, Paonia, Colo. 

Munro, Wilfred Harold, professor of Eu- 
ropean history, emeritus, Brown University, 
Providence, R. I. 

Paltsits, Victor Hugo, chief of the division of 
American history and keeper of manuscripts, 
New York Public Library, Forest Hills Gar- 
dens, Long Island, N. Y. 

Prescott, Thomas J., Phoenix, Arij. 

Prud'homme, Judge Louis Arthur, St. Boni- 
face y Manitoba 

Qu>'jife, IMilo Milton, editor, Burton Historical 
Collection, Detroit Public Library, Detroit 

Ramaley, Francis, professor of biology. Uni- 
versity of Colorado, Boulder 

Reagan, Albert B., Ouray, Utah 

Riddle, John Wallace, Pannington, Conn. 

Riley, Franklin Lafayette, professor of his- 
tory, Washington and Lee University, Lex- 
ington, Va. 

Robinson, Doanc, Pierre, S. D. 

Saville, Marshall Howard, professor of 
American archeology, Columbia University, 
Nevj York 



58 



Schafer, Joseph, superintendent of the State 
Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison 

Sclimidt, Dr. Otto L., Chicago 

Shambaugh, Benjamin Franklin, professor cf 
political science, University of Iowa; su- 
perintendent of the State Historical Society 
of Iowa, I 01k a City 

Smith, Justin Harvey, historian, New York 

Starr, Frederick, Seattle, Wash. 

Tyrrell, Joseph Burr, geologist, Toronto, 
Ontario 

Vincent. George Edgar, Nezv York 
V/hite, Israel C, state geologist, Morgantoii^i, 
IV. Va. 

Winchell. Alexander Newton, professor of 
mineralogy and petrology, University of 
Wisconsin, Madison 

Woodburn, Jam.es Albert, professor of Ameri- 
can history, emeritus, Indiana University, 
B looming I on 



4^ o4